The study of geography involves methods of analyzing, formulating hypotheses and understanding space, which is considered to be the human environment. Geography entails studies that look into the formation, development, state and future of existing Earth constructs as influenced by nature and man (Engin & Bryan 2007, p. 10). From the description above, it is derivable that geography has encompasses several fields. Human geography as a discipline of geography covers the activities of the human beings with respect to the physical environment. The studies involve studying people, their communities and culture.
Citizenship is a concept that is considered as being radical and conservative; in essence, the concept of citizenship attracts issues of politics, democracy, and social influence. Citizenship, despite the controversies of the subject, describes the collective identities an individual or a group of people take on as a title that has a sense of belonging, loyalty and attachment (Mayblin, Morgan, Payne, Pykett, Roberts & Skelton 2008, p. 35). Citizenship also dictates how a certain society organizes, makes decisions and participates in governance. This is, however, best expressed in the role of the nation or state institutions in adherence to and observance of national regulations and laws.
The geography of citizenship encompasses society and the interactions between the communities and societies over space, based on their social, economic, political, cultural and environmental formations. Citizenship in a geographical state considers the facts that are associated with communities and individuals being ‘made citizens’ within a specific geographic region. This study aids in understanding the inequalities associated with communities, and citizenships resulting from the communities, in fields of interest such as financial and economic distributions in particular. The context of humanities in geography is justified by the fact that the conduct of individuals is determined by learnt and inherited beliefs in national, social and communal institutions (Staeheli 2003, p. 101).
Contributions of making citizens are the major derivation of citizen geography. Making of citizens is best associated with the assumption of territory bound identities. Citizens are assimilated in the identified territorial based constructs through birth and naturalization in most social based decision-making processes of geographical citizenship. However, national and state institutions are spatial institutions that are subjected to frequent changes in constitution and policies (Kurtz & Hankins 2005, p. 4). The making of citizens, as a practice in geography of citizenship, defines an individual, group, and the rights, responsibilities and provisions the state or regional authority constructs offer.
The element of citizenship in geography defines relations that contribute towards social, communal and regional demonstrations (Smith 1995, p. 190). The existence of geographic boundaries within society eliminates the question of belonging and doubt, which defines the relationships formed, personal suppositions and prejudices towards any decision making process when the community, on a regional or national scale, is involved. Geography of citizenship establishes various conduct of the community with roots to the geographic area the subject is located in. In such a case, the needs, wants, desires, accustomed behaviors, roles and responsibilities are factors that go into the studies and associations of individuals to a particular region.
Language is another element in social life that human geography covers. Geography determines this concept of communication through personal experiences and interactions (Anderson et al. 2007, p. 82). Language is a construct of society; individuals tend to identify themselves by their language and culture, and this field creates one of the variables in which geography of citizenship may be assessed. Language is part of culture and different communities and individuals take pride in identifying themselves with this cultural concept that in most scenarios results from a geographic confinement. Evidence of this concept lies in the colonization era where colonial states adopted the colonizers’ language that demarcated the regions based on colony.
Geography in practice provides a challenge of identity; the impact of society may be based on a collective community as opposed to individual and specific groups of people. The concept of geography of citizens challenges the concepts of individualism and identification with specific groups of people (Jelin 2000, p. 55). According to the study, the characteristics exhibited by a subject and the resemblance to another suggest a common point of interest and interaction. Such studies can be helpful in tracing the community or group tendencies and associations, which would contribute to geography in investigating different concepts such as the migration of people, and settling in different geographical regions. The challenge of identification and self-identification may be addressed in humanities of geography, which concerns are based on the human interaction with environment while factors of survival and comfort contribute to preferences.
Citizenship under geography falls under humanities of geography as it deals with with the conduct of human beings within geographical contexts as well as with factors such as social preferences, culture, economic, financial and political variables (Staeheli 2010, p. 350). Under the context of geography of humanities, concepts such as modernism can be explained based on the impact of technology and development over space and distance. Citizenship under geography humanities challenges the conduct and practices of individuals and groups seeking to understand the contributions and consequences.