There exist various methods of evaluating the practice of public administration. Public administration can be utilized in various perspectives with varying prescriptions and insights. However, a single method of evaluating this discipline can be inefficient. One method of evaluation can skip important aspects and expose one side of the real picture. This paper explores themes in public administration, their implications and importance in public administration practice.
In chapter ten Farmer illustrates a very comprehensive summary feminism history putting into consideration feminism historical influences and varieties which are liberal, fundamental, communal, and modernized ones (Farmer, 2010). He argues that women have the tendency to be oppressed as women. On the other hand, people are oppressed in different social radars. But in most cases men do not have the tendency to be oppressed as men (Farmer, 2010). Farmer explores an argument where he seeks to differentiate expressing oneself “like a woman and as a woman.”
Feminist outlook unearths epistemological perspective of the state of being “self” and “other.” Simone de Behavior depicts women as “other” in public administration (Farmer, 2010). Public administration has the tendency of bringing ideologies that are not in line with world’s perception. On the other hand this perspective can bring out “othering” as a measure of reducing individuals set of ideas in relation to real world. Pernicious effects are felt by those who receive the services through this perspective for instance welfare clients. This as a whole depicts the technical definition of public administration (Farmer, 2010).
Chapter eleven explores public administration under ethical perspective. Ethical moral dimension are examined in this chapter. Farmer uses an approach that brings clearly ideas that are practicable in the field of public administration. Efficacy should not dominate ethics that are applied in the practice of public administration (Farmer, 2010). Farmer applies authentic hesitation tactic. This incorporates uncertain moral claims that bring about the advantage of being able to accommodate other individual’s views. Authentic hesitation incorporates terms such as reciprocated recognition, respect, trust, tolerance. Also this permits argument and public reasoning.
This work captures governance and bureaucracy in contexts of reform advancements. New features revolutionizing public administration are explored. In the imagination of open engagement Farmer brings out fundamental necessities and reflections allowing one to become an artist in real life situations (Farmer, 2005). This begs for the question, is there existence of possibilities which can constantly revitalize open engagement? In chapter seven to twelve, Farmer argues that regulation and laws that coerce obedience in terms of form or substance should be implemented. He opposes the bureaucratic tendencies that seek to terminate the legal prescriptions. He argues that one should receive justice that is unprejudiced if one seeks it in line with law requirements (Farmer, 2005).
Golden and silver rules are imposed to create a didactic approach in public administration. Golden rules seek to express the wishes of the “other” with equal handling. This rule demands us to treat others as we would like to be treated. If this is applied the master to slave relation will cease. Silver rule on the other hand alludes to Confician Analects translation that states that “one should not do to others and they should not do to you” (Farmer, 2005). Promulgation of such rules will go a long way in enhancing efficiency in public administration. In golden rule there arises the question what is the definition of the “other” and “I”. Ultimately there in no clear definition. It is therefore right to say this rule is not detailed for formulating justice to us. Does “killing the king” in any way bring change? According to Farmer this should be carried out bit by bit. In real life situations it would involve transforming the perception that is in citizen’s domain. Previous governance carried undesirable features that are outdated. From the killing bureaucracy should ease also the life of every individual should be of improved quality (Farmer, 2005).