Table of Contents
The Official Story
Luis Puenzo's in this film visualized a story of 1985, how the aspiration of a middle-class family is smashed. Luis Puenzo's Argentine directed ‘The Official Story’, in 1985, was as well a courageous film (Derry 147). It explains how a painful and unavoidable situation drags a mother's towards the reality of her adopted daughter's origin. In the movie Alicia and Roberto is a happy couple with their charmed careers, Alicia teaches the history of pro-government revisionist and Roberto is a winning entrepreneur, made their life happier with the existence of their adopted baby. However, over time, suspicion is arisen gradually in Alicia that their daughter probably has been a child of a political prisoner, who was latterly disappeared due to the violent political oppression. Puenzo enlarges the increasing suspicion; as a result at the following period disagreement is generated between the couple and leads to a surprising explosion of suppressed feelings. As an Argentine teacher Alicia was unaware of many problems carried out by her country's government. When she tries to uncover the truth of her suspicion, her inquiry discloses intensities of political corruption so disgusting that the delusions of her precedent life are crushed forever. At the end Alicia and Roberto are confronted, when Roberto said Alicia to forget the preceding events and consider the future, but Alicia leaves indicating her unwillingness to live with Roberto.
This movie is however indicated the history of Latin America and it can be said as a symbol of Latin America’s recent past. The movie enlightens the terrible secrets of Dirty War was happening from the late 1970s and early 1980s in Argentina. The movie visualizes very closely the dark eras of the history, when democracy was nothing but a dream. This movie is a susceptible and powerful discovery of ethical character. It can be treated as an additional course in world history, Latin American history, Argentine history, and human rights.
The movie “Innocent Voices” explains the atrocious civil war in El Salvador in 1980s. The movie goes with the story of Chava, who is a boy of eleven year-old who lives with his mother and siblings in a little village in El Salvador. It goes with the story of Chava’s “hardworking mother, struggles to survive in the midst of the civil war in 1980s El Salvador (Maltin 647). The village is situated between the Salvadorean army’s controlled capital and guerilla fighters’ controlled area, as why it faces frequent attacks from both areas. The movie visualizes Chava’s, his friends’ and family’s daily lives, and portrays the sufferings of those how neither want nor responsible for it. Chava’s, family fallen in a worst situation when his father left them for USA. When Chava’s father left living them went to the United States during the war, that time Chava was the only man of the house. At the side of gunfights at night the army makes round in village even at school for recruiting the twelve-year-old boys for them. Boys falling in twelve-years-old are always afraid of. Despite of daily gunfight and recruitment rounds Chava and his friends seek occasions to play as children. Here the movie strongly points out a child’s viewpoint about the war and shows both the fears and the little enjoyments they experience. This movie acutely shows the child’s view, as when a woman said to Chava and his friend to spit out the gum given by the US soldiers (since US soldiers train the army to kill them), they didn’t do it. Because they understand only the taste, not any war politics. Innocent Voices is a rare, influential representation of childhood spent in a war zone.
It is a rare movie regarding the Central America’s immediate past of social, cultural, and political reality with an honest look. Several references of America’s involvement in El Salvador’s civil war can be found in this movie such as US financial aid and soldiers for training the Salvadorean army.
The Motorcycle Diaries
The story of this film is regarding two young men’s exciting and hazardous road trip across Latin America, which changes their life with self-discovery. The Motorcycle Diaries achieved a definite apolitical personality due to the attractiveness of the South American land and of Gael Garcia Bernals. The two friends Guevara and Alberto Granado start a journey with a leaky motorcycle from Buenos Aires desiring to go around the continent on it. They complete their journey more by foot, hitchhiking, and raft rather than by motorcycle, but they achieve a precious experience about the land and the people of Latin America, which affects them deeply. They spent several weeks in a Peruvian leper colony working as volunteers. These weeks at the leper colony constitute the dramatic core of the movie (Berman). Nuns oppressed the colony by maintaining an unkind social ladder between staff and patients, who reject to give food to people out of mass. Young Che fights against these strictures. In a night Guevara makes his symbolic journey crossing the river by swim that divides the two communities of the leper colony not considering his asthma and staying in a leper shack instead of doctors’ cabin. After staying few days in the leper colony at the end making a birthday toast he ensures his nascent egalitarian and anti-authority impulses, as his first political speech. The movie ends with an appearance of actual 82-year-old Alberto Granado and pictures of real journey and a notification of Che Guevara's CIA-assisted execution in 1967 in the Bolivian jungle.
This film is influential for Latin American due to the visualization enormous geographical variety, expanse, and beauty of Argentina, Chile, Peru, Columbia, and Venezuela. This movie may make a person a fan of Guevara informing the actual life pattern of him as a Latin American and as an egalitarian politician.
Romero, this movie depicts the late 1970, when few rich persons of El Salvador dominate the many people who are made poor. To carry on the existing state of affairs against the agriculture farmers and labor organizations that are in active revolt, they adopt military method to brutalize the general people, particularly those persons who support and fight for Marxism. Assassinations, executions, and disappearances happen commonly. At the time of elevating conservative Oscar Arnulfo Romero to archbishop by the Vatican, then the military governors think that the masses and the activist priests will not support them any moret. Romero the holy peacemakers will preach. Initially that is exact what he does. But when the soldiers frustrate voters, fire the masses randomly, torture dissidents, and kill a dedicated priest and Romero’s friend, the archbishop condemns this through radio messages, censures collaborating bishops, and guides a march of general workers towards a soldiers’ occupied church. He also abuses and confronts the El Salvadoran president, who is a tough general, paradoxically associated with Archbishop Romero by name but not by thinking. In that time suddenly the country face a harsh pain of civil war. In 1980 instead of government’s so called reformation the death squads of military maintain their control of fear, Romero carries on protesting and attaining international awareness. The climax of the movie is at the incidents happened in Monday, March 25, 1980, when Romero is saying for his immediately late mother in the crowd. Among all of the Attendees four persona have no meaning of getting the Holy Eucharist.
This movie has a great importance for the American history as it visualized the unfairness of Central America (Keller 184). The stratified humanity is the main theme of the movie. Romero’s elimination indicates how the government dominated cruelly the ordinary people of the struggling people in Latin America and how the church fought against it.
With a proclamation of Eva's death and public funeral the movie starts. Che the narrator who depicts the story of Eva's from her power gaining to the death. The movie flashes back to Eva's childhood going to attend her father's funeral with her mother and siblings (Loy 85). After her father’s death her family was smashed, when she was 15 years old. Eva chooses to go to the capital leaving her town Junín looking for a better life with her boyfriend Augustin Magaldi, a tango singer. Between Magaldi’s leaving and her fateful get-together with Colonel Juan Perón she makes several relationships with several powerful men, becoming a model, actress and radio personality. Eva tries much to represent Perón, since both of them are from the working class. Eva exercises all her talents to support Perón every time. Even when he was jailed by the controlling administration for trying to exploit his political momentum, Eva produces forces to the government releasing Perón, and people also inspire them with delight. After that Perón is elected as the president and Eva swears to work for new government serving the "descamisados". The Perónists otherwise rob the public assets, but Eva institutes a foundation and allocates aid. During a world tour Evita is rushed home due to her illness. Near the end of her life she senses her mortally illness and feels her life as a short shining like the "brightest fire". At the end Eva's funeral is shown again with a candlelight vigil praying of large crowd and Che kissing her coffin.
The movie visualizes an influential picture of most powerful woman of Latin America. It shows how a woman with a political power works for the betterment of lower class, when class discrimination existed in the Argentine society. This movie can make the observer understood that how Argentina viewed their political figure.