China's Political System Modernization and Tradition by June Teufel Dreyer observes how the administration of China relates to the constant labors to bond its distinctive way of life with outside ideologies. Dreyer offers a detailed insight into the history of China and the present trends in a bid to bring to the fore how these changes are affecting the nation's financial sector, disciplined forces, societal set-up, cultural and legal institutions (Dreyer 08). Dreyer also challenges readers to delve into the bigger issue of authority in China by showing how all aspects of society are affected by history and current global trends.
China's Political System: Modernization and Tradition
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What come out in Dreyer's work initially are ancient Chinese practices of supervisory directives. Insights are given into how superiors and minors were to relate and how to head people and inspire them to achieve set goals and even surpass them. Societal assimilation was enhanced by way of formal protocols and responsibilities (Dreyer 11). Well arranged official procedures were also instrumental in synchronizing relations among staff of any entity.
The principle of leading by example, especially for all leaders had been implanted early on in all concerned. A new trend then began to emerge whereby regulations were used to assist superiors in reinforcing their stranglehold of various institutions and stick to power.
The old leadership styles differed from emerging ones for quite a number of reasons.
The ancient people encountered dissimilar financial and scientific challenges as compared to the emerging ones. Movement was not as easy as in modern times and communication was really slow as compared to modern times. Societal structures like the military where given facts and figures are essential are unlike their ancient equivalents (Dreyer 13).
However, a close look at both the ancient and contemporary societies reveals that the ancient people were equally thinkers as the modern day persons. As much as evolution has brought about many alterations, the latest modifications have proved to be a bit sluggish to yield results in the period of all those thousands of years.
Critique on the book's salient features
The Chinese culture emphasizes on service of all its community members and makes it possible for them to enjoy their way of life. However, with the incoming of modernity and its associated civilizations, some of the doctrines of ancient culture seem to be flouted at one time or another (Dreyer 73). A good illustration is the modern day practice of those in authority of greedily reinforcing their stranglehold of positions of power.
On the other hand, insurmountable progress has been made in matters economical and the society in general. Citizens of China have greatly gained and their ways of life have changed for the better.
For instance, in the year 1999, the general television coverage had hit the ninety percent mark. This meant that both the rural and urban populace had the same exposure and enlightenment. Performing artists could and can even today do their acts from anywhere, be it in the rural areas or in towns and cities. Therefore cultural life of any kind can be seen to have been given a shot in the arm (Dreyer 81).
The Chinese traditional way of life is basically a culture of progress. Invention is highly encouraged in a bid to improve the way of life of all. The culture's policy emphasizes on a hand-in-hand development of the economy and culture. Modernity on the other hand lays more emphasis on economic development. The best approach for preservation of moral ways of life lies in developing it hand-in-hand with modern development.
The most efficient way through which inheritance of moral culture can be encouraged is to come up with inventions that are in line with its linkage since inventions breath life into a society's way of life (Dreyer 85).
The Chinese culture encourages openness and exchanges with like-minded cultures. Thus, in this bid, the nation has learnt from various other nations over time. Expansion of outside culture interactions has broadened global cultural collaboration.
Accepted protests and marches have over time grown into a normal feature of China's political scene. Though there are no accurate and precise reports on these matters, it is apparent that the protests are ever-increasing in magnitude and rates of recurrence. This serves to show that dissatisfactions are ever on the rise among the populace (Dreyer 89). It is also a reflection on the inefficiencies of the responsible entities in resolving arising matters.
The protests are an indication that the general populace is quite aware of their rights. Much of these protests are normally after just execution of policies as opposed to questioning the policy in question. The authorities normally respond to these protests in a manner that sends mixed signals. On one end they make the necessary adjustments demanded and on the other they apprehend or castigate the alleged leaders and architects of such actions in a bid to warn others that such acts cannot be tolerated at all (Dreyer 91). Nevertheless, the general populace does not seem to get cowed by such acts.
Modern civilization should be looked at in terms of the deep-seated attributes of civilization, as opposed to looking at it in terms of disparities between ways of lives of the cases at hand. One should not fail to put to mind the constructive and rejuvenating outcome from encounters between various civilizations. A distinctive crisis within the populace is the core of various civilizations' disagreements in the current world.
A close look at the ancient world reveals that the bureaucracies then were as well clear as the modern ones.
In fact, the only technological advancement that the modern world presents is the capability to write, and thus the possibility to record laws and practices.
Some exceptionally ancient Chinese practices on leadership and authority have a resemblance with modern leadership acts. Both cases can be referred to as moral leadership. Charm and guiding principles are the key pillars. This ends up drawing deliberate followers who join the trail due to the leader's ethical standing and his or her all roundedness.
Modern law to a certain extent seems to encourage those in power to pit those under them against each other. It is like an instruction manual specifically for total control. It operates on the idea that the led are self-centered and independent and should thus be handled suspiciously.
From this review, it is apparent that likenesses and differences between ancient and present-day society are more or less equal in magnitude. The resemblances support the idea that people are able to recognize and acknowledge the practices of their forbearers. The differences on the other hand root for the principle that people from dissimilar eras have to redefine information in a new way in line with the present day needs and desires.