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Globalization is a process by which regional societies, economies and cultures become integrated through a world -wide network of political ideologies through transport, trade and communication. The term bears the import of the phrase economic globalization; which is the integration of national economies into the international economic frame work through foreign direct investment, trade, capital flows, and the spread of technology, migration and military presence. Globalization is known to be driven by a combination of biological, technical, economic, sociocultural and political reasons. The term is sometimes used to refer to the circulation of ideas, languages and popular culture transnationally.Any aspect of the world that has undergone the described process is said to be globalised.
On the other hand, organized crime is the nonidealogical enterprenual grouping of persons that are in close social contact. The group is organized in hierarchies with at least three basic ranks. This organization is for the purpose of getting profits, and power by illegal means (Brown, 2008). The positions in the hierarchy and positions involving functional specialization in the group may be allotted on the basis of kinship, rationality and friendship. There is a willingness to use violence in the drive to gain profits. The group avoids competition and pursues territorial domination .The group will be given to monopolistic tendencies. Membership to the group is limited although nonmembers will be involved on a contingency basis. The organization is governed by rules and regulations that are enforced using murder if necessary (Godson, 2003).
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Globalization is the key to understanding organized crime in Australia. This is because, for organized crime to prosper, it has to occur across transnational borders. Organized crime has globalized its operations for the same reasons that multinational corporations have globalized their operations. Globalization affords many benefits to organized crime in Australia (Findlay, 2000).
Organized crime in Australia is linked to globalization. This is because, like any other organization that intends to make a profit, it has cashed on the free market on the international scale (Findlay, 2000). First and foremost, globalization enables organized crime to get its products from abroad. The said products include stuff like drugs. The drugs that are peddled in Australia are not locally produced. They are sourced from the international market (Conklin, 2010). Drugs like cocaine and Heroine are not produced locally. They are grown in countries in Latin America, and the Middle East. Organized criminals then source them from those countries using global criminal networks. Some criminal theorists post that the international drug barons come to market their stuff in Australia using local organized criminal groups. Thus, it is safe to say that globalization has contributed to emergency of strong organized criminal gangs in Australia (Luard, 1990).
Globalization is the key to understanding organized crime in Australia. This is because it is globalization that offers the means, and resources for committing crimes at obscene profits in the country. Globalization has afforded means of communication, and transportation that are vital to the continuation of organized crime (Conklin, 2010). These illicit enterprises are able to expand across geographical regions because of advances made in communication, and transport. The global revolutions of communication and transport have done much to help legal and illegal business groups. Like in the area of drug trafficking, the introduction of motor boats has revolutionized crime in Australia. Fast boats and Helicopters make it possible for organized criminals to beat the police and antinarcotics' squads. This communication, and transportation marvels, the gifts of globalization aid legitimate businesses together with illegitimate businesses (Luard, 1990).
Globalization has come with the ideological concept of free markets, unregulated trade and reduced intervention by the state. Globalization advocates have pinned for the reduction of international regulations. They also advocate for the reduction of barriers in the hope that trade and development will increase. These conditions that bring a conducive atmosphere for globalized trade are the same factors that feed the prosperity of organized crime. Organized criminal groups take advantage of the loopholes made in the decline in regulations, reduced border controls and the increased freedom to expand their base of operations (Luard, 1990).
While expansion of free trade is streamlined by obeisance to custom officials, border control policies, and the bureaucratic system, transnational organized crime groups exploit these very conditions to extend their reach. They can be able to travel to countries where they cannot be extradited. Because of globalization, they can base their operations in the countries of Latin America which have ineffective laws. Organized criminals can also bank their money in the Swiss bank accounts where no Australian officials can access them. Globalization enables the organized criminal groups in Australia to segment their operations, reap huge profits and reduce operational risks.
The increase in global trade in the second half of the last has done much to aid illegal trade conducted by organized criminals. This is because legitimate trade has numerous flaws that criminal use to advance their illicit trade. Finding the flaws in the licit trade is quite a challenge. This is because it is almost impossible to check the cargo of all ships .Thus, criminal utilize this loophole to bring into the country contraband. Drugs can be shipped in tuna boats, escaping detection by officials.
Globalization has made criminal groups thrive in Australia. This is because it has afforded criminal an opportunity to beat the law enforcement officers. Criminal groups in Australia are able to get false documents and papers from other parts of the world. This means that even if the criminals are known in Australia, they can always get new identities elsewhere. Further more, they can get financial, and accounting services from anywhere in the world. Illustrating this point is the Riggs bank in Washington D.C that was found to be laundering money for Equatorial Guinea Dictator. This is a prominent bank in America that provides services for presidents, and other prominent people. If this bank can provide money laundering services for a renowned dictator, the question remains how many criminals benefit from the financial services of top class banks in the world (Morrison, 2002).
Globalization has prospered criminal activity in Australia. This has been especially so after the great technological advances of the post world war period. This is because globalization and technological advances have seen to the rise of commercial airline traffic. This enables the rapid movement of criminals, and contraband. The rapid growth in telecommunications and the expansion of international trade have seen to quick movement of criminals and goods. Organized criminals in Australia have also exploited the Internet to advance their illegal businesses. This is because the anonymity of the chat room and other forms of computer communications enable criminals to efficiently plan, and execute their criminal activity. They can organize fake lotteries, and rip millions from unsuspecting people all over the world (Morrison, 2002).
The end of the cold war has been a blessing to criminal groups anywhere in the world. This is because the diminishing of global confrontation has created many other small scale confrontations. Australian criminals groups have banked on these confrontations to sell illegal arms. Arms dealers have made handsome profits (Hagan, 2010).
Globalization has also made criminal groups in Australia to outsource criminals. This is especially so with hit teams. They are able to import professional killers from criminal groups like the Irish mob, the Japanese Yakuzi and other criminal organizations across the world (Hagan,2010).This gives them the opportunity to take the police heat away from them. They plan a crime, commit it with hired help, and they rest in peace. This ensures that they can get away with any crime. The bottom line is that globalization has enabled organized crime in Australia to link with other organized criminals from all over the world (Hess, 2009).
The key to unraveling organized crime in Australia is Globalization. This is because globalization and its benefits afford criminals in Australia, and other parts of the world to hide their money well. It also affords these organized groups the opportunity to launder money. The ability to hide money from the law enforcement officers makes these criminals continue to thrive in crime (Hess, 2009).
Globalization also enables criminal groups in Australia to access contraband from any part of the world. It enables drug lords to get their goods from the farthest parts of the world. This is by the use of the advances made in transport and communication. Globalization also enables criminals to hide of in the backwaters of countries like Colombia, and Peru where Australian law officers cannot get them (Findlay, 2000).
If the Australian law enforcement agencies are going to win the war against organized crime, they have to unravel the global connection. This should be done quickly because criminal organizations are rapidly degenerating to terrorist organizations (Findlay, 2000). It is also important to note that terrorist organizations use criminal groups to get their supplies. This paper calls for the quick action against organized crime in Australia. The government should understand that these criminal are highly sophisticated. Thus, it should deal with them with a high degree of sophistication.