Cultural differences between the Palestinians and Israelis pose a great problem to the peace negotiators. This is because the two groups have taught their children about the national narratives and tales about its community, environment, history and future thus instilling the fundamental obsession in getting external recognition and validation of their national claims and identities. The negotiators are facing a big problem in negotiation since both tribes want to maintain their face, pride and power. The two tribes also seems to be reserved and do not consider the time that has lapsed from the time when their forefathers gave up possession of the land in controversy. There is also the issue of the difference between monochronic and polychronic people.
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The fact that the Palestinians are monocronic and the Israelites are polychronic poses a great problem in the negotiations. The Palestinians' are in the group of people who believe in doing one thing at a time, Take deadlines seriously, have less information, adhere to their religion, show much respect for their private property hence borrow or lend less and emphasize on promptness. The Israelites on the other hand are polychronic. They can do many things at a time, they are destructible, consider commitment on time as an objective to be met, are highly informed, are committed to human relationships, can easily change, value those who are close to them such as friends, relatives and business associates but are less concerned with private property, can easily lend and borrow and also base their promptness in action on existing relationship (Lebaron, 2003). The two groups are so distinguished in terms of belief and behavior and hence the negotiators have to judge the behaviors of the two groups before sitting down to talk.
Time in the East is regarded as having unlimited continuity. They do not consider birth and death as absolute ends since they believe that the universe and humans continue as part of them although they change in form. Their attempt to make peace can only be achieved if they eliminate the historical situations governed by the bible and the Quran since they are the main hindrances to civilization and reasoning. Islam considers their Quran God as one who is not limited by place or time while the Jewish leaders believe in possessing the land in accordance with the biblical boundaries. Each group considers its God to be more powerful with regard to the teachings of their ancestors and would like to have pride by conquering their enemies. Though the difference between the two existed along time ago, time and space has not made the current generation different. They think the same as their ancestors.
The Palestinians and Israeli do not value the time which have elapsed and the changes that have occurred due to civilization. They both justify their right of land ownership by quoting the bible and the Quran. The Jewish vision is to get a share of land as dictated by biblical boundaries while the Muslims through the jihad believe that one should either make a financial or bodily strength contribution in fighting any enemy in the battlefield to please Allah (Europa Publications Limited, 2003). Their beliefs are contrasting in that the Muslims believe in fighting to gain global dominion by wiping out all the Non-Islamic believers without recognizing religion and political powers. Although the Christians believed in freedom of individuals, they have changed in an attempt to maintain peace. This is a controversy between two groups in which one is ready to change as long as peace and justice prevails while the other is strict and uninformed and therefore is not flexible to change.
Face across culture is regarded as the standing or value of an individual as seen by others and is related to pride, self- respect, courtesy, power, status and outsider and insider relations (Lebaron, 2003). The two parties find their face maintenance as very important hence biased on communitarianism and individualism. The Palestinians want to improve their faces once they are delivered from the long history of oppression by different conquerors and believe that Israeli will be the last. Most Palestinians living in the cities, towns and small villages trace their roots in the state of Israel hundreds of years ago and have a strong desire to be delivered from the poor living conditions to improve their pride (Wittes, 2005). Israeli residents live in the region on the basis of religious and nationalist causes since they believe that the land was inheritance from their Jewish forefathers. The negotiators have to ensure that the two parties earn equal pride and face maintenance for the negotiations to be successful.
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