Globalization is a way of connecting societies and cultures in creating a better understanding of people around the world. Nonetheless, the advancement of technology and how beneficial soccer is to various people around the globe adversely affects everyone life. The analyses of globalization emphasised on economics and politics and ignored culture. In spite of having various leaders in the economic and political arenas who regard globalization as conferring enormous benefits on individuals’ countries and the entire world, there are those who hold the belief on significant disadvantages of globalization. This essay offers a discussion of two views presented by Kwame Anthony Appiah and Franklin Foer. The views are presented in regards to how they both offer a description of a division between pro-soccer Americans and anti-soccer Americans.
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According to Foer (224-225), soccer is deeply rooted in the Islamic culture because of the passion of modernizers such as Turkey’s Kamal Ataturk and Iran’s Reza Shah. In fact, many people resist globalization on grounds that it threatens their ceremonies, rituals, and their ancestral beliefs. Both of these authors indicate that regardless of the culture or the country in which an individual come from, there are certain universalities that are recognisable. Nonetheless, Foer asserts that there were various individuals or leaders in America who felt that soccer was a distraction from their cultural activities, just like in Iran where people felt that soccer was against their Islamic way of life. In fact, it is true that many people embrace soccer in many countries including the United States. In US, the game of soccer has attracted numerous fans from diverse countries where were once ignorant of soccer. This is a success in terms of globalization.
Conversely, there are various instances that Foer asserts that globalization is a failure. Foer contends that globalization has failed to erode ancient hatreds in the game’s foremost rivalries in various countries. What globalization has achieved in terms of soccer is the creation of migratory patterns and enormous miscellany in various countries including the US. Soccer globalization has also resulted in the rise of powerful new oligarchs such as the president of Italy who came from a soccer club in Milan. This clearly indicates that some aspects of globalization are still powerful amid continuous resistance to their effects.
The first view of Kwame Anthony Appiah is that, “cosmopolitans hold assumption that all diverse cultures have enough overlap in their expressions of values to begin a conversation,” but he maintains that this is not the case. However, he further says that globalization has the de facto effect of heightening people’s awareness of the diverse cultures in the world. On the other hand, Franklin Foer (239) utilizes the figure of speech of soccer in describing cosmopolitan elites in America. These cosmopolitan elite Americans are distrustful of Middle America who embraces global concepts to the point of rejecting American football and replacing it with soccer. This essay will also look at the two views on globalization and its effects.
Both Franklin and Anthony introduced soccer to their countries following its adoption with immense gusto. In order to maintain diversity, it is indispensable to have some resistance to globalization. Appiah (381) states that in Ghana, notwithstanding modernization efforts, various people embrace their tradition and those of their ancestors. They usually cling to these ancestral traditions. From this point of view, the negative aspect of globalization is its propensity to enforce a homogenous view of traditions on various groupings.
According to Foer (5), it is clear that he “noticed how globalization had failed to diminish the game's local cultures, local blood feuds, and even local corruption.” Foer (1 -12), offers a description of soccer through using imagery by saying that soccer is extensively representing geographical interests and groups. It is, therefore, significant in understanding globalization. Foer also goes ahead and affirms that, in various cultures, there are diverse approaches to explicit issues. The conversation by Appiah (378-39) advocates that there are certain concepts that appear universal whereas others are unique in terms of place and people. For example, while many Africans are extremely fond of “bush meat”, Appiah’s father disregarded bush meat and resisted its consumption (391). Captivatingly, it is also clear that whereas the Iranian revolution was successful in altering various cultural institutions introduced under the Shah, it was difficult to erase the passion of Iranians in regards to soccer.
Even though, many people or leaders believe that globalization has tremendous merits, others contend that globalization has various demerits. In fact, both Appiah and Foer add to the discussion regarding globalization. Most extensively, they both highlight on various resistance aspects of soccer in both developing and developed countries. Such persistency existed in the colonial period and still present in post colonial era. Foer (4) affirms that the fundamental question of this essay is on how soccer can be utilized in offering a description or understanding of diverse cultures in various countries. Another area of concern is the innovation of the anti-globalization, traditionalism, and worry that global tastes and brands are likely to eliminate the indigenous cultures. Nevertheless, Foer does not feel that globalization has wiped away unreservedly the indigenous cultures.
In conclusion, if people look at globalization as a cultural phenomenon, like these two authors, people should accept that all the above expressed concerns in regards to loss of diversity accompanies globalization. For instance Appiah, who comes from Ghana, still believes that globalization has not significantly impacted their way of life or culture. In other word, in the wake of globalization, it brings with it both negative and positive artifacts. Conversely, Foer (38) affirms that, where soccer is played, it evokes many of the same passions, but such passions manifest in regards to the exceptional traditions in which a club is situated. Therefore, United States is a materialization of globalization with its blend of cultural influence in various aspects, and this gives people hope that globalization will be in the best interest for all concerned.
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