Chernobyl disaster is a catastrophic nuclear accident that was happened in 1986 in Ukraine. The reactor four in the nuclear power plant suffered a catastrophic power increase and as a result of this, a large quantity of radioactive core and fuel materials is released in to air which spread over much of Europe and Western USSR. Since the reactor has not been encased by any type of hot containment vessel, the burning graphite moderator increased the emission of radioactive particles.
Impact of the Disaster
After the accident happened, more than 800,000 people were been liquidated. Out of which, 25,000 of the liquidators have already been died because of the radiation.( Belarus Foreign Ministry, 2009) This most powerful disaster released more than 400 times the radioactive pollution of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bomb and created more psychological effects on the people in that area.
During 1976, there were only seven children who were suffering from thyroid cancer. But within four years of this disaster, the count increased by thirty times. This was because of the radiation caused by the Chernobyl disaster which made children to lose Iodine-131. (Okeanov Sosnovskaya & Priatkina, 2004) People also had cancer, breast, stomach and lung cancer, urogenetal tumors, cardiovascular diseases, nervous system disorders, diabetes, muscle, bone and connective tissues disorders, gastrointestinal diseases. (Okeanov Sosnovskaya & Priatkina, 2004) The radiation is causing a long term adverse effect on flora and fauna of the Ukraine and Russian regions. The animals and plants are also not able to tolerate the radiation spill.
To sum up, the disaster created a long term problem for the civilians and affected the environment to a greater extent.