Table of Contents
Green technology comprises of practical application of knowledge in the generations of energy through the use of non-toxic products. The field is therefore expected to bring changes in innovation process which targets to minimize the environmental pollution. Such measures are also aimed at ensuring the environmental sustainability which assures the future generation clean and healthy environment. The move is also aimed at reducing the natural resources depletion rate, action which favors the future sustainability of such resources. The green technology has therefore initiated new production techniques where recyclable products are used in order to reduce the increasing waste and pollution activities. This paper will seek to exhaustively expound on the major impacts of the green technology on the environment and how such moves have been welcomed in the various nations.
Technology and human impact on the environment
The increased mechanization in the production techniques have resulted to a significant environmental pollutions in the resent times. This is because the production units are guided by their selfish interests of wealth maximization. Technical innovations have been made in order to shift the production process from manual to electronically controlled mechanism. The shift which is aimed at increasing the production output nevertheless has significant negative effects on the environment. The bigger the production unit the bigger the fuel consumption it has and consequently the larger the waste products, which are either in gaseous or non-biodegradable materials. The introduction of mass production of goods in many industries has amounted to a lot of competition between firms in the market. The technological advancement has greatly improved the quality in productions as companies compete to win a bigger share of the market. In addition a great reduction in cost of production has been exhibited as less labor force is required to execute the manufacturing duties. Many firms therefore prefer to use such techniques in productions as they minimize their operational cost. All this technological adoptions greatly impacts the environment negatively. For instance quite a significant environmental pollution emanate from manufacturing firms all over the world. The big financial capabilities of these industries enable them to greatly influence their respective government to an extent that the government lessens their regulations on them. The multinational influence of such companies has to a larger extent slowed the international measures on the environment. A good example was clearly portrayed by lack of ratification of Kyoto protocol by the US in 1997.
On the other hand the human beings have significantly affected the environment through their ambitious means towards achieving their objectives. For instance their increased demand for cars for transportation means have increased pollution in the resent times. The fuel combustion in the car engine leads to formation of carbon dioxide fumes which causes pollution. It is also important to note that the increased demand for energy and power has resulted to improvisation of new energy production techniques, which are all aimed at increasing the production capacity (Gabriel, 2008). Nuclear power plants and coal power generation units have been introduced to supplement the wind, solar and hydro power generation units. The two power production techniques that is the nuclear and coal have led to an increased pollution in the environment. The selfish mode of the human beings has also contributed to the pollution as individuals’ mind of their interests alone. The bad thing in pollution is that it knows no boundaries and therefore cannot be contained within a given area.
The development of green technology
The green technology was introduced with a soul aim of reducing the environmental degradations and pollution in the world. The rapidly growing economy which had earlier resulted to green house effects threatened the future environmental sustainability. The increased campaign which targeted to regulate pollution and set rules to govern the polluters also emerged (Billatos & Basaly, 1997). Such activists held a number of conferences across the world in order to sensitize the needs for the environmental preservations. To mention but a few are the Kyoto protocol held in December, 1997 and the Copenhagen climate summit still underway as I write. The conferences advocated for improved production techniques which will seek to reduce the pollution and waste materials in the environment. Global environmental changes for instance the climatic changes have been in the lime light of the conferences agenda. The global warming and the ozone layer depletion which are the major contributors of the green hose effects have also been acknowledged in the conference discussions. It is because of these increased pressures from all over the world that the manufacturing companies have been forced to implement environmental friendly production techniques. Tight measures have been incorporated in the protocols in order to regulate and penalize those who violate the environmental rules. The major problems which have affected the implementation of those rules are the ratification failure by some of the major polluters. These measures have also taken a considerable period before being put into effect, for instance the Kyoto protocol never implemented its measures until in the year 2005 (Sobha, 2007).
The political and economic obstacles
The most important decisions in the world have been influenced by the financial capabilities and strength of nations. It is because of this reasons that the G8 members greatly determines the success of any given measures in the world. These members consist of the developed nations and their stand matters most. The G8 members include the United States, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, Canada and the United Kingdom. The above named nations not only possess political power but also hold a significant proportion of the world’s economy. Their economic potentials enable them lure the decisions of other nations in order to suit their stand. It is because of this reason that the Kyoto protocol took a considerably longer time before being implemented, since the United States despite being one of the protocol’s signatories failed to ratify the same. The on going Copenhagen climate summit which started on 7th December, 2009 is also faced by the same problem where the developed countries want completely replace the Kyoto protocol (Goldenberg, Watts & Vidal, 2009 Para 5). The over whole replacement is advocated because these nations want measures which favors their operations and they view Kyoto as a threat towards their development strategies. Their mighty economies which consist of multinational corporations which do mass production of goods make them huge polluters. They therefore cover up their own firms which enable them possess their reputations. These powerful and economically mighty nations have heavily invested in nuclear power productions in the name of improving the security details in the world. The nuclear testing creates more threats in the environmental pollutions.
World wide cooperation
China has a positive cooperation with the Northeast Asia countries Korea and Japan where their main objective is to ensure maintenance of clean environment in the region. Since the region has been marked with rapid economic growth efforts towards environmental conservations are very important in the region. Since 1992 the region has had a lot of multinational environmental cooperation and a good example is the North East Asian Conference on Environmental Cooperation (NEAC) and the Northeast Sub-regional Program on Environmental Cooperation (NEASPEC) as obtained from the ministry of environment in the republic of Korea 2008. This cooperation has greatly boosted the environmental preservations in the region. The environmental ministers in the three countries have been frequently meeting in order to address some of the key environmental issues in the region and the way forward. Measures such as the reduction of hazardous wastes and water conservations in the region were addressed during their 8th meeting in Beijing in the year 2006. There has been a request from the region to join up with the rest of the countries in the world in the fight against dust and sandstorms (DSS) (Morlot, 1999 Para 4).
India too has been cooperative on the environmental conservation matters considering its production capacity and the huge population density. There has been some remarkable cooperation aimed at bettering the country’s environmental conditions. As there has been massive threat towards natural resource depletion efforts have been taken to counter such moves. The high population in the country has threatened forest depletion and it is because of this reason that India entered into an agreement with the US to safeguard forest in India. The memorandum of understanding was arrived at by the two countries where they all agreed to follow to the later the declarations arrived at in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. This was also referred to as the Rio declaration of 1992 (Conca & Dabelko, 2002).
The future positive impacts of the green technology on the environment, climatic change and pollution
The first positive impact of the green technology on the environment is reduction of natural resource extraction which consequently leads to environmental sustainability. The green technology encourages recycling of waste and used materials which help in the reduction of the extraction rate which could otherwise be exploited. The move therefore helps in the resource preservations which guarantees future generations of adequate resources. The second positive impact that green technology brought to the climatic changes is the reduction in green house effect. The reduction in green gas emissions reduces the wearing out of the ozone layer (Singer & Avery, 2007). The layer blocks the direct sun rays which has an adverse effect on the environment. Clean atmosphere also help in the reductions of health problems which has recently been escalated by the toxic emissions. The third impact is the introduction of recycling process which helps in the reduction of waste emitted by many firms. The evolution of industries to adopt green productions leads to a significant reduction in pollution which improves the environmental status. The introduction of the green technology in the automobile industry will heavily combat environmental pollution since its one of the major pollution industry.
Future positive impact on the U.S. and global economy
United States being the world super power and the mother to considerably good number of multinational corporations stands in a better position if the green technology was to be adopted in all its firms. The move towards the green technology in the US might have significant effects on the country’s economy. This is because the major industries in the US contribute much to the environmental degradation. Bearing in mind that those industries are the major economic contributors, interfering with their operations will greatly hamper the American economy. Some efforts are directed towards ensuring that same production output is maintained in most of the US industries.
On the other hand the global economy will reduce at first since major productions will go down as they invent and implement the green technology. But the effect will be felt in the short-run since positive impact will be exhibited in the long-run as there will be enough natural resources for firms. It is therefore important to understand that the green technology will work towards ensuring economic sustainability in the future. Adverse health problems will also be eradicated through the proper and efficient implementation of the green technology. The significant amount which is extended towards meeting the medical expenditure will thus be used to grow other sectors in the economy (Kirkwood & Longley, 1995). Therefore the long-run effect of the green technology will be an increased technology both in the US and in world in general.
The green technology which aims at ensuring reduced environmental impacts will not only have a positive impact to the current generation but also the future generation. Emphasis should therefore be extended towards all nations in order to make sure that environmental friendly operations are adopted in industrial productions. In my own opinion a collective measure should be adopted by nations in order to meet these objectives. Both the developed and the developing nations should join together during the climate conferences and collective decisions should be made without any bias. This is because a continued environmental degradation will affect all living creatures in the world regardless of the location they are in. The political and economic potentials should not therefore dictate the measures and the stands to be taken as effect will be equally felt across the world.