Table of Contents
Ocean is a main body of saline water and a major constituent of the hydrosphere (Oxford English Dictionary, 1999). Around 70% of the earth surfaces usually enclosed by ocean, continues body of water that is normally divided into numerous principal oceans and smaller seas. A half of this area is said to be 3,000 meter deep (9,700 ft). Standard ocean salinity is around 35parts per3.5 percent and almost all salt water has salinity in a range that is given in form of 30 to 39 ppt. various theories have been put across defining that 230, 000 oceanic life are well recognized, but the truth is there do not know more than a half of it.
The ocean has various important consequences on the biosphere. When the process of evaporation takes place in the oceans, rainfall is usually formed and the temperature in the ocean generally determines the wind patterns as well as the climate that normally affects the existence on land. Life in the oceans is said to have started more than four billion years ago thus, it is important for human being to conserve the ocean as most of the food comes from the sea.
Reasons for conserving the environment
Oceans are reported to have greatly affected the earth climates by transferring warmth from the tropics to most of the Polar areas. It also transfers cold air and humid temperature to the costal area where wind normally carries them inland. The ocean also plays a very major role in providing heat to the Polar areas. Such circulation of air from ocean to the environment is necessary in order to regulate temperature thus, it is important to conserve our oceans.
It is necessary to conserve the ocean as people mine the ocean floor for diamonds, gold's, silver and other various metals. Diamond is said to be the largest number of metal in the oceans. In the United States, gravel and sands are typically mined and are utilized to defend seashore and minimize the process of erosion. Mining improve the countries economy and create employment for various people. If the oceans are not conserved, people will end up being jobless as the economy falls.
The ocean is used as a means of transport. Shipping is a process that entails moving freight in between seaports. Ships are normally powered by wind but most of them are powered by diesel engines or vapor turbine plants. Naval ships are generally accountable for transferring most of trade from one nation to another and are known mercantile navies. There are different types of ships and they comprise of tankers, container ships, product ships, crude oil ships, and many other. If the ocean is not well conserved the movement of ship from one place to another will be hindered.
All those people who practice agriculture, they are advised to search for new biodegradable this are usually the "green plastics" prepared of agricultural materials for example cornstarch. The speed of flow for o2 (oxygen) in addition to other gases is regulated by biological procedures, particularly metabolism of creatures such as prokaryotes and microorganisms. If the oceans are not well conserved various process will not take place for instance; oxidizing inorganic compounds.
Conservation of the ocean has enabled us to fish for thousand of years. Fish have been significant to the globe financial system for all of these years. Fishing is practiced all over the world but countries which are known for their large scale fishing includes; Italy, Portugal, Europe, India and Spain.
Fish are said to contribute 15 percent of all the protein generated in the world. Fisheries are also extremely significant to the financial system and wellbeing of society. Most people around the world rely on fish for food (Charles, 2008). In a village called kigogo in southern Kenya, majority of the people who live around the Lake Victoria survive on fish. If the oceans are well conserved, a lot of fish will end up being produced thus supplying lot of proteins form their meat.
Conserving marine and coastal ecology usually develop water quality, defend diverse aquatic habitat and gain financial systems and livelihoods of coastal groups of people for generations. Through science, market-based approaches, reinstatement and resilient environment protection, The Nature Conservancy discovers innovative, permanent clarifications for aquatic conservation.
Method of conserving the oceans
There are various ways that can be implemented to conserve the oceans and they include;
Oceanic conservation focuses on preventive human-caused injuries to aquatic ecology, and on restoring injured aquatic ecosystems. Oceanic conservation as well focuses on conserving susceptible marine species.
Approaches and method for marine protection usually tend to unite hypothetical disciplines, for instance population biology, with realistic protection strategies, for instance setting up secluded regions, as with MPAS (Marine Protected Area) or VMA (Voluntary Marine Conservation Areas). Other methods comprise of; expanding sustainable fisheries and reinstating the populations of reared species via artificial methods.
Another focus of conservation is on limiting human being actions that are harmful to either aquatic ecosystems or species via rules, systems for instance fishing quotas; a good example is those set up by the NAFO (Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization), or rule and regulation
It is important to ensure that all plastics that are taken from the boat or the entire beach are not thrown anywhere but should be disposed in the litter bin. All people are advised to always pick up all the trash they see on the beaches or around the see.
It is also advisable to use newspaper or genuine popcorn as your stuffing material, instead of wrapping with plastic peanuts and bubble. Recycle is the best process to clear all plastic wrapping that are through after use. This ensures that there are no plastic materials that go to the sea after use (Zipapa, 1988).
Another major method of conserving the ocean is educating the residents the importance of conserving the ocean. Educating the public and stakeholders on the importance, will help them hold some seminars and cleaning days. Various organization has been formed which educate people on the importance such as Marine Conservation Biology Institute.
Ocean is a main body of saline water and a major constituent of the hydrosphere. It is necessary to conserve the ocean as people mine the ocean floor for diamonds, gold's, silver and other various metals. Oceans are reported to have greatly affected the earth climates by transferring warmth from the tropics to most of the Polar areas. All those people who practice agriculture, they are advised to search for new biodegradable this are usually the "green plastics" prepared of agricultural materials for example cornstarch. . Most people around the world rely on fish for food. Oceanic conservation focuses on preventive human-caused injuries to aquatic ecology, and on restoring injured aquatic ecosystems