Section I: Slaves contributed in American Revolution of 1700
American Revolution, war over British dates back to 1700 during the fight for independences (James 98). At the time, America was divided into colonies by the European countries with English and Spaniard authorities occupying the largest part of these colonies. The country was not only under colonialism, but also had ample slaves from Africa and Indians. The southern part of the country recorded the highest number of these slaves. The population of slaves in the south accounted 25 percent of the population (Howard 75). This were not good news among the whites the south. Despite the fact that the slaves were offering cheap labor in the farms, they also posed potential threats for overthrowing the government.
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A crucial contribution that the slaves played towards American Revolution was initiation and illicit of the idea of revolution among the Native Americans. The consistent complains and fights for freedom and right for the slaved opened the door for the Americans to engage in the fight against their colonialist. Many whites in America were motivated by the strength unity among the slaves in quest for freedom and citizenship (James 47). Most of the farms had ample slaves deployed in these areas with the aim of supplying free labor. The involvement of the British, in the American political system, escalated rivalry between the two countries over the choice and stability of the slave trade in America. Several slave holders raised the question over the loyalty of their slaves amid of speculations that the Britons were making promises to slaves. This was evidenced when Lord Dunmore promised the freedom for slaves who would join the British army and participate in fighting the American (Howard 75). The southerners managed to topple the British solders over raising issues on slavery. The good relationship that the British had crafted turned to sour when the American promise to protect the slaves who would join the American camp.
Speculation and anticipated rivalry between the slaves and the American was a key factor that moved the Americans to engage in Revolutionary acts and seek independence (Howard, 86). During the war period between Revolutionist and the British forces, several white men had joined the forces leaving a few in the community. The strong men in the society were who had no right to join the revolutionary move. Slaves aired their petitions for freedom when an opportunity arose during the time of war since a lot of the army forces were in the battle. Their movement became occasional, to a point of drawing confusion on whether to recall the military for the purpose of guarding the communities in these areas. The British Commanders were first to notice this weakness on the American side, and strategically laid a formula on how to seize is, and use to overcome the Revolutionist army (James 89). They promised to grant freedom to the slaves who would agree to join their side and fight the Americans. The move to attract slave to their camps was condemned by the American authorities who so this as a breach of agreement on ratified trade laws.
Whites in the colonies had to move on first and secure the slaves from freeing to the other side. This could lead to weakening of the American forces. Ample slaved escaped from the slave camps following the British offer. Those who feared joining the military escaped from the villages in fear of double harassment. Slaves gained their right from siding with American while others sided with the British. This was the beginning of the call for the slave’s rights in America aiming to cut down the population of the slaves running away from the country.
The role of the slaves in American Revolution cannot be overlooked. The Revolution was all glued around the rights for the minority groups in USA especially the blacks. The southerners were sent to be adamant in granting the blacks their so quest rights. The northerners, on the other hand, were wiry of the British role in diverting the loyalty of the slaves to suit their means. It has been argued that, the British could have persisted for long in America if it was not for the issues of slavery quest for rights. Slavery was the core topic around which the American and the British seemed to compete for power (James 115). This was a clear indication that their participation in the war would have decided the side to win. Despite benefiting from the Revolution, American slave can be in this regard claimed to have actively participated in generating Revolution in America.
Section II: Slaves did not contribute in American Revolution in the 1700s
Revolution efforts could have been accelerated if it was not for the slaves’ hindrances. The influence of the slaves to the on American Revolution can be argued to be negative. For instance, when the American army was in war with the British army, in 1777, the slaves created commotion, especially in the south (Howard 75). Their quest for freedom in America deterred the full efforts for the American people to liberate the country from the hands of the colonialist. Revolution efforts were most of the time diverted to focus on the slaves in America rather than addressing the critical cues affecting the Americans. Slaves in America were the main cause of the disagreement between the southerner and the northerners.
Involving the slave in the wars for in exchange for their freedom can be described as a weakness in the American system. Most of them joined the British to fight their “boss”. In this perspective, the slaves’ participation in American Revolution was of the negative side. Most of the activities and forums organized to move the country ahead were in a way diverted by the intermitted motions on the need to grant freedom to slaves. The southerners noted the threat imposed by the slaves in their land and decided to infringe slaves’ rights. With minimal authority, slave’s participation in Revolution was limited. The whites were able to control the number of movement that the slaves called to air their grievances. It is the British government that realized a strategy to destabilize the American society in order to weaken the Americans. Therefore, slaves did not in a way contribute to revolution. Instead, they were used as a route for igniting cold war in at the community level.
Efforts of slaves in the development of the USA can be inclined to Civil Wars rather than Revolution. Slaves organized different occasion, to stage their grievances, rather than champion for an improved America. Their efforts were associated will the feeling being undermined by the whites in the society. The southerners were adamant to involve the blacks in the Revolution programs. With speculation of dissatisfaction and chances of turning against the existing authorities, the rich individuals in the south were reluctant to arm the black. Consequently, a large group of the black slaves joined the British camp. After the war, and being granted freedom as promised by the British commanders, a large number of the slaves joined found their way out of America (Howard 81). Those with the British army, settled in England, Nova, Scotia and other areas, which were the routes followed by the British ship.
Those who were not lucky enough to free with the British ship evaded their master and settled in America independently. The assistance of the French government granted the Americans army victory over the British army. This meant that the American soldiers were to back to the local levels with the role of controlling the slaves in the colonies. The effort to Revolutionize American took a new turn with several slaved leading the Civil War in different canners of the country.
The Revolution efforts in America have been described by Howard (72 and 98) as a war where the Indians were being denied what was their rightfully theirs. The whites were edging out the possessing of the Indians in their lands. The whites pushed the Indians out of their lands causing them to migrate to “a new world” in the west to avoid conflicts. The core revolutionists were the whites who devoted their men, resources and time in driving out the colonist.
The population that participated in the Revolution, in all parts of Americas comprised of the Whites. It was the white who were involved in the formulation of the policies since there were no slave representatives power, and a large portion of the armies fighting for the country's freedom were mostly the whites (Howard 91). The number of blacks and other slaves incorporated in the Revolution forces were significantly few compared to their population in America. Slaves were major underpins of several moves by the country to promote unity in the country. The variation of interest between the northerners (moneyed) and the southerners (slaveholding) was a considerable conflicting issue in constitution development (Howard 90).
American Revolution marks an exceptionally significant landmark in rebuilding and development of America. Several developments witness in the current situations is as a result of devoted efforts of ample Revolutionist. Thousands of individuals have contributed in one way or another in the Revolution cycle. The contributions of the slaves along the Revolution path cannot be ignored. According to Howard over five thousand black slaves were with the Revolutionaries (Howard, 80). This fact carries emphasizes the efforts that the slaves were involved in the contributed in American Revolution.
In the first place, slaves provoked the Revolution efforts in America through their move to fight for their rights. In every revolution, the core players need to be triggered to act. The revolution effort could have been delayed or even never be strong enough were it, not for the pressure mounted in the American system by the slaves. Slaves’ efforts to fight for their freedom was the main point triggered the feeling among the white to push for their rightful full share of the American resources. These resources were being enjoyed by the colonialist. Despite diversion and rough road towards the Revolution, as a result of the intermittent yet consistent efforts by the slaves to push for their freedom, the country benefited considerably from these pressures. Most of the ramification moved and passed by the American authorities focused mostly on recognition of the minority groups in America. Without the minorities, it could have been difficult to tricky to realize the need for revolution.
Involving slaves in the war attest to the fact that they were vital contributors in the Revolution efforts. Howard recounts that, the main factor that led to victory over the British was due to the already possession of arms by both the army and the civilians (77). After the military success, the white men left for war with the British forces, the whites in the colonies had to arm themselves to prevent instances of overthrow and oppression by the large slave population. The experience with the fire arms among these groups and the army offered the American the advantage of a large army to resist the British forces. In this manner, the slaves were involved in the revolution process, though indirectly. The large number of slaves that was incorporated in the forces played a vital role in the Revolution.
A clear difference between the slaves involvement in Revolution can be drawn by comparing slaves and Indians during this time. Howard writes that the Indians moved from areas dominated by the whites and the colonialist with the aim of finding new areas to settle. The Indians were not in any quagmire with the French, who were mainly business, but were not pressed with the British way of grabbing their lands. However, they offered little resistance to these intruders in their land. The blacks and other slaves in the southern, though being foreigner, were vigilant on pursuing their rights.
The black slaves were significantly crucial in the wars that took place in Fort Ticonderoga and Bunker Hill. The British and the Colonists believed that slaves were crucial for the Revolution process in America. The move by Dunmore (1732 – 1809) to grant freedom to all the slaved who would participate in the war illustrate the significance of the slaves in the revolution process. The contribution of the slaves to the Revolution effort were also demonstrated by Henry Clinton (1738 – 1795) when he declared protection to all the slaves who were willing to part ways with the rebels. Interestingly, his effort led to British defeat in the south. He later claimed that Revolution was a war on slavery in America. The American government later promised to emancipate slaves from the hands of slaveholders and compensate them for their participation and hardship endured during the war.
In conclusion, America Revolution – war against the British, was ignited and promoted by the slaves in the south. The quest for freedom among the slaves was the main motivator for the revolution. Slaves participated in the wars, helped the slaveholders to escalate their profits from the farms, participated in the Civil war movement that ignited ramification several acts inclined to freedom, and the fact that slavery was a key factor in the relationship between the American and British.