The painting depicting the crucifixion of St. Peter was done by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio in 1600, and there, inside it, exists suchlike strong physicality and emotion that few have seen or rather felt in just a painting. The painted figures are quite realistic, in addition, to being anatomically accurate; and their bodies appear to extend into the screening space somewhat audaciously. Moreover, the dark background of the painting draws an escalating amount of concentration to the physique of St. Peter, who is the man strapped on the wooden cross. Seemingly, his entire face is barely the one that is completely visible, and down with the diagonal fields, the wooden cross along with the man beneath the cross generate, the viewer’s eye is strained onto the face as well as body of St. Peter. The elaborate attention Michelangelo exhibits to lighting and detail is created most plainly in the drawing lines of St. Peter’s knees and feet. His feet particularly appear to pull out of the painted canvas and the work exhibited is brilliantly expressed in the painting’s appearance and also in the underlying themes.
Michelangelo was commissioned by Monsignor Tiberio Cerasi for Cerasi Chapel in the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, found in Rome. The painting was an extensive ecclesiastical patronage of the Catholic Church, but apparently the parishioners did not like it as its offensive urgency seemed to be quite extraordinary. The painting did not follow the customary way of drawing; in that it seems not to have been prepared beforehand, and the painting is still hanging in the cathedral of Santa Maria del Popolo in Rome. The picture through the use of graphical paints depicts a feeling of pitiless, no serenity, and no dignity towards the old man and the subject of human toil and sweat is apparently seen across the snapshot. There is hustle and bustle as well as labor followed by pulling, heaving and groaning, and the vaguely dazed, puzzled, bearded elderly saint in loincloth gazes around and taken seems to be aback by the view of the weighty, brutish metallic nail that has been pinned all through his left palm.
The picture below shows the artwork painting done by Michelangelo on the Crucifixion of St. Peter.
Crucifixion of Saint Peter by Michelangelo
The painting had a religions role in the church in that it surrounds the crucifixion of St. Peter who was a disciple of Jesus and his crucifixion was very popular during the Counter Reformation period in the Catholic Church as they tried to pull back the numerous members who were abandoning it; therefore, it was commissioning loads of artists to make dramatic and intense painting works which had biblical themes. The Catholic Church takes St. Peter to be the first pope and by the church requesting the painting to be placed in the cathedral was a religious and honorable move; its symbolism is that the Catholic Church with its longevity and tradition was a great force to be defeated. Also, another conclusion can be drawn from it in that the church used martyrdom as a means of intimidation of anyone who wanted to backslide away from it.
The colors used in the painting are glamorous, and they definitely influence the effect felt by the viewer as the men and soldiers are snapped as mechanics that are mere heavily sweating job-doers. The dramatic lighting added more thrill to the portrait, and the clear washings of luminosity across cloth and skin have blended in giving these bodies an actual shapeliness, toned, and melodramatic flamboyance; therefore, the view would be attracted by their beauty. The piece of art was intended for a large congregation and majorly the catholic community when many of them were moving to the Protestantism, and thus they were used to lure in more church followers and prevent further abandonment.