A revolution is a gradual process through which citizens of a country use to express their discontent towards certain forms of injustices, with an aim to introduce change. The 18th and 19th centuries saw the introduction of significant changes in most countries as Europe was facing massive revolutions. Russia and Mexico also experienced these revolutions. This paper seeks to highlight some common factors that cut across both the Russian and Mexican Revolutions, with particular interest to the motivating and inspiring factors to those who were in support of these revolutions.
To begin with, both revolutions were spurred by the existence of dictatorial forms of leadership. The ability to rule and control wealth was vested in the hands of a few individuals who surrounded themselves with a circle of friends and technocrats. These groups formed circles of power and were determined to protect their dynasties and selfish interests, through controlling the nations' wealth, drafting international policies and contracts that benefited them. President Porfirio Diaz controlled Mexico for thirty years while Stalin and Nicholas II took charge over Russia.
The state of instability and war in these two countries was also prompted by partnerships made by their governments with foreign investors (Rulo, 2012). In Mexico for instance, President Porfirio was a close ally of the US government and had his priority in protecting the European interest as noted by Professor Friedrich from the University of Chicago, at the expense of the indigenous groups of people who felt discontented. Mexico lost half of its land to America and two decades later, lost its mines to France. Small scale farmers lost their land to foreigners who snatched them away. The people felt that Porfirio had betrayed the nation by allowing foreigners to take over the available resources. The Russians too had similar experiences and the desire to conquer the Germans was the aim of the Russian population.
Oppression was also a common factor that pushed the masses to the state of rebellion in the two countries. In Mexico for instance, the natives were exposed to forced labour at copper mines accompanied with harsh treatment with a meager wage of only 25cents. This was way below what their US counterparts earned at the mine. These abuse led to strikes, as copper workers demanded equal wages and better working environment. In Russia, the native peasants were oppressed through being starved and exposed to poor rehabilitation and sanitation environment due to congestion. The ordinary people led a miserable life in congested houses together with their animals, while feeding on poor diets despite the availability of food. People were also killed and corpses dumped in trenches. Women and children were highly displaced as refugees. The local business people were neglected as priority was given to investors.
These series of inequities triggered the desire to rebel among the Mexican and Russian natives, who hoped for change that would restore justice, order and law in their land. They were therefore prompted to get involved in these revolutions, not by pride but as a necessity to save their lives, and those of generations to come through putting an end to dictatorial forms of leadership.