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Free «Nature and Nurture in a Child Development» Essay Sample

In the field of psychology psychologists have being able to identify people’s trait by highlighting the difference of nature and nurture, and being able to acknowledge their role in an individual’s life. The difference between nature and nurture is well illustrated through their definition. Nature is termed as a particular mixture of qualities that describe an individual. It mostly involves an individual’s source, behavior and class, emotional and intellectual aspects. On the other hand, nurture is termed as the upbringing of an individual in the progress of one’s development. The psychologists have come up with different theories based on the nature and nurture. These theories illustrate that according to nature one’s behavior originates from heredity, while nurture express one’s behavioral alteration to be as a result of one’s surrounding.

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In the process of an individual development which mostly occurs in childhood period entangles the aspect and theories of nature and nurture. This helps to explain the behavior aspect of a child hence being able to describe their lifestyle and personality. Nature and nurture mostly involve the child’s sexual urges and aggressiveness towards different issues. This is well illustrated in various nature aspects such as children consisting homosexuality genes, which may be highly influenced by their surroundings (Keating, 2010). A good example is when a boy child is brought up in a surrounding with most of the siblings being girls, the boy child will tend to use most of the girl’s stuffs such as the make-up, perfumes and, at times tend to wear the mother’s or sister’s clothes and shoes. The boy child may go ahead and change his way of talking to resemble that of his mother or sister. The boy child thus cultivates his sexuality based on the nature and the surrounding.

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Fortunately, most of an individual’s trait originates from a combination of genes and the environment interrelating. IQ levels which is comprised in a child‘s genes is one among the good example. IQ genes are enriched by different factors such as, education, this can be illustrated through an incident whereby two children are gauged to comprise of similar IQ during birth, if one enrolls in school while the other one does not, and thus the one who enrolls in school acquire a higher IQ level in his progress of education. The child’s weight, personality, height and other intellectual aspect are as a result of nature and nurture linkage as a result of the available diet and resources a child acquires from birth (Keating, 2010).For instance having two children born of the same weight, if one is fed with junk food while other is fed with the normal food, the one fed with junk will tend to add more weight than the other child fed on normal food. Therefore, nature and nurture have different roles in the development of a child. This is evident by the way nature explains one’s appearance and physical size, but instead nurture can outline this on the basement of various environmental effects. In addition, nature shapes the locomotive abilities of a child from delivery, but later the child goes ahead and acquire the basic skills, which is highly an influence of  nurture since is it based on the environmental aspect.

The engagement of nature and nurture in the process of a child’s development has established different theorists and educators. The theorists tend to rely on various factors which they view to be the main concept in a child's development. The table below outlines the various theorists in nature and nurture as well as the influence of the era in which each theorist/educator lived illustrating their theory. 

Nature Theorist

Influence of Era They Lived

Nurture Theorist

Influence of Era They Lived

Charles Darwin

1809, it was an evolution theory that centered its argument on natural selection.

Piaget

1920, it was an intellectual theory which defines the behavior of children in diverse centuries.

Wolfgang Kohler

1887-1967, it was a developing theory of links and nature. The theorist conducted several examinations on chimpanzees which made him realize that they resolve disputes by understanding the source of the problem.

Henry Murray

1893-1988, it was a personality theory that highlighted a child’s motive, needs and presses.

Alfie Kohn

1979, it was an educational theory that debated on human nature, value, transmission among other children and one’s knowledge.

Bowlby

           

 

1969, it was an attachment theory that described how an individual interrelate with other people.

 

   

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