The problem of war touched a lot of people throughout the world. Such violent actions and suffering could not leave people aside that is why war was widely depicted in literature, art and mass media. To illustrate the consequences of war actions in different countries I have chosen the article “A Veteran's Story” by Glena Tinney, movie “Schindler’s List” by Steven Spielberg and photographs by James Nachtwey.
“The Consequences of War: A Veteran's Story”
One consequence of warfare is a great number of veterans who suffered from combat. They had mental problems as well as physical. Glena Tinney in her article “The Consequences of War: A Veteran's Story” describes the story of her father who participated in military actions in Korea. On this example we can see how war influenced the life of one person and it is obvious that the overwhelming majority of veterans experienced such problems. Firstly, many of them have post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD which is often undiagnosed and untreated. Secondly, they feel survivor’s guilt which often leads to depressions and even suicidal attempts. Thirdly, psychological problems often result into excessive usage of alcohol and violence in the family. Glena Tinney also claims that after the return from combat many veterans have problems with reintegration and experience some combat stress reactions (Tinney 1). For example many of them experience nightmares, anger, sleep disturbance and disposition to drugs and alcohol. Even though veterans face difficulties, they usually do not seek help and try to cope with everything by themselves. People who had gone through all the horrors of combat are changed forever and continue experiencing the aftermaths of war but they still remain fathers to their children and husbands to their wives.
The other consequence of war is death. During the World War II a lot of Jewish people were violently killed in the concentration camps. “Schindler’s List” by Steven Spielberg depicts the story of one entrepreneur who saved Polish people from death. It is well known that Jews experienced many persecutions throughout the history, but the horrors of Nazi occupation still remains the most dreadful. Thousands of innocent people were killed or beaten up to death. Jews were deprived of their rights and property. Well-off families were robbed: all jewelry and valuable things were taken away. In addition to this, there were special Jewish quarters surrounded by the barbed wire. In those quarters people lived in poor conditions and were constantly under supervision. Jews were sent to the concentration camps despite the age and position in the society; even kids and women. Aged people and disabled were killed immediately. Those who were able to work were left to die under the intolerable burden of physical labor. However not all Jews were murdered in the camps; many of them left their homes and moved to another countries to find rescue and shelter. As a result a lot of families could not find their relatives for many years. Furthermore, those who were executed by shooting or just killed in the camps were buried in general graves without any names, so it was almost impossible to find out where certain people are interred to commemorate them. Attitude to Jews during World War II is fairly considered to be genocide because of numerous nameless victims whose graves are covered with the ground of history.
Photographs by James Nachtwey
During the war time a lot of citizens suffered from poor living conditions: many buildings were damaged, there were often a shortage of food and water, a lot of outbreaks of diseases occurred due to insanitariness. In his photographs James Nachtwey shows episodes of war consequences in Afghanistan, Rwanda, Romania, Bosnia, South Africa, Kosovo, Pakistan, Chechnya and other countries. First consequence is destruction of architecture, landmarks and simple places for living. Photographs under the names “Ruins of Cabul from civil war” (Afghanistan 1996) and “Ruins of Djacovica, destroyed by Serbs” (Kosovo 1999) depict devastation after combat. Second result of warfare is a huge amount of wounded people. Some of them would recover in future but some would remain disabled till the end of their lives. For example photographs “Land mine victims learned to walk on prosthetic legs at ICRC clinic” (Afghanistan 1996), “Wounded soldier” (Bosnia 1993) or “Contra mortally wounded in jungle warfare” (Nicaragua 1984) show people who experienced serious injuries while serving in military. A lot of photographs are dedicated to mourning for relatives and close people, for example “Mourning a soldier killed in the civil war” (Bosnia 1993), “Mourning a soldier killed by Serbs and buried in what was once a football field” (Bosnia 1993) and “Mourning a brother killed by a Taliban rocket” (Afghanistan 1996). Thus, war is often accompanied by death and devastation which takes everything native from people: home, family and sometimes even country.
In conclusion, we can see that numerous horrible consequences of warfare and military actions influence greatly the life of people. The main result of combat is death. Thousands of peaceful citizens and participants of war perished during the fights. So, many families were broken, people experienced deep sorrow because of huge losses and sometimes they were not able to find their relatives. Many former soldiers had such psychological problems as PTSD, depression, nightmares and other distresses. They often had alcohol and drug addiction. What is more, people suffered from poor living conditions, were deprived of home and property and often experienced famine, discrimination and persecutions.