As a result of globalization, technology has been boosted to a greater level especially in the arena of arts. Through technology, many aspects of life, which include, education, technology, and art has been made possible. Many things are happening within the global village as a result of advanced technology. The increasing technology in the world has made possible for people from various parts of the world to access art collections through online means that use the diverse museum websites available in the digital world. These museum websites have played a key role in enabling visitors to these websites access variety of digital images posted by different artists around the world. With the growth in technology, that permits physical visits to various museums it has elicited a lot of debate among different artists and scholars around the world. In this regard ,the most recurring and fundamental question is if there is need to visit museums to have a look at the original pieces of arts, which can be viewed by digital means through internet or any other digital means across the world.
Museum visit seems to be more practical than just viewing these arts from a museum website. The museum visit allows viewers to feel the objects as it were 2,000 years ago, thus creating an element of realism. Therefore, museum trip has more benefits that website viewing. The visits to museums to view the original works of arts can enable the viewer to have the minor details and elements of particular art of work. This means that museum visits will still be relevant so that the viewer can have an aspect of aesthetic fulfillment that cannot be experienced through digital means.
Essential variations from two sculptures- The Hope of Athena and The Hope Hygeia- can be found by viewing them by visiting a museum when they can be virtually viewed. This will ultimately bring out the basic differences between the two works of art. In order to bring out the difference, this paper will investigate two sculptures: The Hope of Athena and The Hope Hygeia. The two sculptures are basically situated in Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), which are under famous collection of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman.
Hope of Athena is a sculpture, which measures 86 x 28x 22.5 inches and stands tall approximately 36 meters, which enables the audience has easy time in viewing it. The sculpture was discovered in 1797 in Ostia. Her shield stands at its centre in the support of the head of gorgon, which is placed at the centre and coils around the edge. The sculpture in its standing position was portrayed in Phidias’s well-known lost ivory and gold statue of her, which is 36 meters tall. The sculpture in most cases is portrayed having an owl placed on one of her shoulders. The two sculptures share many similarities that include the year and years of discovery. They were also sold to the same individual and then it’s resold to the same individual later. The two sculptures were later donated to LACM in 1950 by William Heart Randolph.
The Hope Hygeia, which measures 75x 25x 18 in, is Roman sculpture that focuses on an over-life-size Roman marble sculpture was discovered in 1797. The Hygeia has been attributed by Romans as goddess for cleanliness and health. The sculpture, from a distance, is a representation of a huge goddess feeding a large serpent from a dish from her hand. The sculpture is approximately seven feet tall when viewed from a distance. This height gives the sculpture a large view enabling the audience to have a clear view of portray. The sculpture, which is placed in high public places, shows a goddess who is supporting her weight on her right leg, bent at her knee and her left leg relaxed. From a distance, the sculpture is shown wearing a chiton, which has a buttoned sleeves placed below her himation snaked over her left shoulder and the waist. Therefore, the positions of the two sculptures enable the viewer to have the real picture of the two sculptures and easily make quick comparisons concerning the two works. Both the two sculptures as history provides were discovered in the same place, Ostia at the same time.
Typically, The Hope of Athena, which is a sculpture, is depicted wearing full-length chiton, and from a distance, it can be seen as wearing armor, with her helmet placed high on the forehead to clearly show the image of Nike. The pad stone placed at the bottom of the sculpture makes it more tall and bigger in size thus making far distance view become possible. On the other hand, The Hope Hygeia is Roman sculpture, which focuses on an over-life-size Roman marble sculpture. The Hygeia has been attributed by Romans as goddess for cleanliness and health. The sculpture, from a distance, is a representation of a huge goddess feeding a large serpent from a dish from her hand.
In moving closer to the sculpture and making comparison between the arts of works it is clear that, The Hope of Athena, which is placed high in the museum for the sake of the public, many details that can be seen. The sculpture has numerous folds in her robes and her body has many layers, which are all over the body. The fabric, which was wound on her knee, is an impressive one thus giving Athena an impressive view. The helmet, which is more visible at this time when one, is close to the statue, gave Athena an element of more knowledge hence, strong authority. Her facial expression is also fantastic since it was assuring and at the same time reflective. This facial expression gives Athena a beautiful view, which portrays the real image of goddess. Athena has planes of her face, which are in a symmetrical form and the face is flat. In addition, Hope of Athena, has her hair in form of waves placed vertically down, has many diagonal contours around her body, scales, which are framing from her protruding chest, and broader shoulders. As compared to The Hope of Hygiea, The Hope of Athena originally was not whole since it lacked both arms. This gives the two arts of work a real picture other than viewing them from museum website.
Therefore, according to the thesis of the paper, this gives the audience the opportunity to view the original works as they were created by Hopes in 1797. Most outstanding in the face was possibly the complete round powerful, masculine cheek characterized by elevated nose that had a high bridge as natural expansion of her forehead. Her eyes were deeply placed with unsmiling lips; however, the lips were narrow, normally wider than the nose. These features gave the audience a more space to imagine about the features. Therefore, missing details from the sculpture created a room where the audience could engage their thinking about the goddess and its role in the Roman society.In addition, this has enabled by the visit to museum, rather viewing the sculptures through digital means.
In the museum, the shadow created by the light from the top of the museum makes the two art works more fascinating to the audience. The facial expressions, which are illuminated by their shadows makes the two works, look very mystifying. The light makes the audience divided on whether the two sculptures smiles or not, thus creating a huge space for the audience to think and make speculations concerning the two arts works. The marble material, which was used to produce the two sculptures, brings out an aspect of translucency of the sculptures.
The glossy and a bit glazed appearance of the two works makes the outer appearance look like a human skin. In addition, the translucency nature created by the marble material makes the two sculptures have an element of naturalism, thus making them godlike and lifelike. The fabric on their bodies provides an aspect of texture, which can be felt and the helmet and attire beings out the element of naturalism. This in turn, provides the writer with how the two sculptures with an aspect of realism. Through the museum trip, the viewer can find all the finer details and features of the two sculptures unlike viewing them using museum website.
In conclusion, it is clear from the discussion that the thesis of the paper is confirmed. The sculptures stress the need to travel to the museum as it was in LACM, in order to view the original sculptures rather viewing them through digital means or museum websites. The museum experience in this case creates an aspect of reality and experience that can be sensed. Therefore, both the Hope of Athena and the Hope Hygeia have a lot of similarities. For instance, the two sculptures were discovered in the same year and place, which 1797 and Ostia respectively. The two sculptures also was sold the same individual and resold to the same individual. This is because; the position of the two sculptures in the museum gives the viewer an opportunity to experience the original pieces of work. This gives the viewer an opportunity to have an element of realism about the two works of art as it was 2,000 years. Therefore, it is noteworthy mentioning that viewing the two sculptures in the museum is more practical as the different positions of the arts gives its three dimensional perspective as opposed to using museum website.