The World Anti-Doping Agency is an organization that is based on equal partnership. It seeks to engage governments and sport federations globally in harmonizing anti-doping policies. There are three ethical principles that guide the World Anti-Doping Agency in an effort to regulate all the athletes all over the world (Hanstad, Skille & Loland, 2010). These principles are also in line with the Global Business Standards that require the ethical principles to be adhered in the athletics. Ethical conduct is vital in athletics and the values should take into consideration the rights of the athletes, distribution of justice and the rights of the common people. The principles include Rights, Justice and Utilitarianism.
Utilitarianism is particularly crucial to athletics’ fans since it seeks to ensure greatest good to people. This ethical standard requires that some certain rights of individuals are sacrificed for the good and protection of common people. Rights and justice of all the athletes, as well as the fans are to be guaranteed for the promotion of ethics (Houlihan, 2004).
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It is evident that athletics as a sport has embraced the technology in an effort to enhance its performance. There are such technologies that are designed to enhance the performance of athletes and they range from biomechanical computer models, nutritional supplementation, specialist coaching, state-of-the-art training facilities and equipment’s. Athletics has shifted from being a playful activity to a business profession (Hanstad, Skille & Loland, 2010).. Athletics is now becoming a competition between corporations and national systems with stable athletic performers. The use of performance enhancers in athletics is undermining the integrity of sports.
Athletics is a profession that requires the athletes’ urine to be tested regularly. What is more, the athletes are obliged to state their location during their free time to the responsible persons (Hemphill, 2009). The reason for such step is the doping concern that has continued to intensify. Doping prompted the introduction of the World Anti-Doping Agency, whose aim is to coordinate and promote the fight against doping in sports, including athletics. The World Anti-Doping Agency is governed by a body that comprises stakeholders international sport federations and governments. The agency seeks to achieve harmonization in sports, conduct hearings on doping violations, control and manage doping (Houlihan, 2004).
Doping is regressing global efforts in the promotion of athletics where the philosophy of sport requires high performance in athletics and sports in general. Doping is a serious offence, and this explains the emergence of the World Anti-Doping Agency, whose aim is to promote athlete education, conduct comprehensive drug tests to all athletes and impose stiff penalties to those who violate the athletic rules (Houlihan, 2004).
It is agreed that drugs indeed enhance performance in athletics and at the same time produce side effects to the athlete. Ethical considerations in athletics were launched with the aim of curbing the use of steroids among the athletes, since they undermine the integrity and the spirit of athletics, as well. There are several conventional arguments that are used in sports in support of banning the use of performance enhancers. Athletics usually appeal for health, no harm to others, fairness and being natural (Hemphill, 2009).
According to the conducted by the World Anti-Doping Agency, it was revealed that many countries did not comply with the code of ethics set to check the performance of the athletes. The policies of the World Anti-Doping Agency require that every country must have the national anti-doping wing. This organization is supposed to control the testing of athletes before any race and give sanctions against those who are not complying with the requirements (Hemphill, 2009). Implementation of the Anti-Doping policy has constantly proved to be a challenge due to globalization; and it is even hard to clearly identify the operational rules and terms that are to be made equal. The regulations that have been set are interpreted differently based on the social, cultural and economic contexts of various regions.
Performance enhancers change the bodies of the athletes. The ability of the body increases. That is why, using performance-enhance drugs are banned by the sporting authorities. Performance enhancers reduce the athlete’s creditworthy and responsibility in sports. The ban of performance enhancers can be justified since on the foundation of upholding value that is attached to individual’s effort, responsibility and self-reliance in sports.
In addition, there is the World Anti-Doping Code that consists of a harmonized framework of anti-doping rules, policies and regulations in sports. The code was implemented prior to the Olympic Games(Hemphill, 2009).
Methods used by the World Anti-Doping Agency to test the athletes involved the use of questionnaires to measure the degree of harmonization. Information on the number of athletes in the testing pools was required. What is more, the resources relating to the economy, as well as personnel are availed for testing. Use of the method also involves routines requiring the whereabouts information on the missed tests and the sanctions that are attached to them. The set of variables is used to measure the good practice and explains the reasons for variation. Sanctions are meant for those athletes who violate the regulations. The main purpose of the registered testing pools is the provision of information systems. One conducts the doping tests without any advance notice to the athletes.
The treatment of athletes by the Anti-Doping Agency varies from one nation to the other; and it is sometimes unfair and detrimental in regards to the imposed sanctions. In between times, athletes are excluded from such competitions as the Olympic Games. The most severe legitimacy problem in the anti-doping movement appears to be a lack of harmonization since there has never been developed a global rule system. Currently, the Code of Conduct used by the agency in athletics requires the testing of standards and the model guidelines together with those of best practice (Hemphill, 2009). It is notable that currently the anti-doping policies have undergone immense changes where the transformations appear to be catering for the whole globe rather than a certain regional area. The codes of ethics are practiced in most countries in the world in accordance to the prescribed policies. There are variations among the Anti-Doping Agencies, and this is considered a front run in the curbing of doping practices.
The World Anti-Doping Code assumes that all the athletes are bound to the code by virtue of participating in sports organizations or sports. It does not require the athletes to sign any document for them to be bound by the code. It is personal responsibility of the athlete to ensure that the prohibited substances do not enter their body. The code also allows for a fair hearing where it emphasizes on impartial and timely hearing to the accused athlete. The code has a provision of a conventional statement that can be found in the procedures of many tribunals in different countries(Houlihan, 2004). One of the most fundamental notions that guide the Code is the promotion of a leveled playing field to all the athletes.
World Anti-Doping Agency drafted the World Anti-Doping Code that helped in regaining the confidence of athletes via the development of policy frameworks that are consistent in the application and effective to manage. The ethical codes developed by the agency promote and also respect the rights of all the athletes.
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