Nature and nurture have a profound impact on the behavior of human beings, and none of the terms can be said to have a greater influence than the other. Over the years, there have been arguments on whether it is nature or nurture that influences the behavior of humans. In some instances, one aspect may have a greater influence than the other. For example, at times, nature may have significant influence on human behavior while there are times when nurture may influence human behavior. The debate on nature versus nurture takes the position of the reasons why people tend to behave in a certain way. The central question in the debate of nature versus nurture is whether it is the environment, which influences human behavior, or people behave in a certain manner because of the way they were born (Grant, 2006).
In most instances, the aspect of nurture tends to apply to children and young persons who live with their parents. As such, nurture rarely applies to adults since most adults do not live with their parents. However, the way a person has been brought up can affect him or her when he is an adult. This is because nurture is a product of a person’s childhood upbringing. There tends to be various external influences relating to nurture that affect the behavior of a person. These include environmental factors such as the parental upbringing, the peer groups, the socioeconomic status, and other factors in the outside world (Andrew, et. al., 2000).
Based on the biblical worldview of the debate regarding the nature vs. nurture, God does not support either side of the debate. Biblically, it is not fit to support either side of the argument since both nature and nurture hold arguments that contradict what God wants. For example, with regard to nature, God could not have created people to become a nuisance to the society. On the same note, God cannot provide an environment where people find the best avenues to become sinful. Since human beings are the creation of God, their nature tends to be instilled with the purpose of God. The purpose of God is such that humans ought not to commit any sin. Regarding the environment and nurture, God cannot purpose to put people in situations where they can sin against him. The biblical worldview of nature vs. nurture considers sin as disobedience to God and his teachings (Baumeister & Bushman, 2011).
According to the views of Christians, the nature vs. nurture debate can just be regarded as imagination since the debate seems not to have knowledge of God. One side of the debate (nature) brings out the argument that people cannot change because of the way they were born. On the contrary, the nurture side of the debate argues that the environment has a role to play in determining the way people act. The biblical worldview cannot hold on to any of these arguments. This is because neither side of the argument puts into consideration the fact that the nature of God is “all-powerful” and that God has a significant impact on a person’s nature (Grant, 2006).
Christians believe that, no matter who a person is, or how they have been brought up, God can save a person. As such, those who engage in sinful acts and have had the worst of experiences can be transformed by the almighty God. The biblical worldview on the nature vs. nurture debate also holds that people can be redeemed and delivered from the evil through the word of God. The nature vs. nurture debate can be used to explain the relationship between the upbringing and drug addiction, as well as the genetic predispositions of a drug addict. Though no single factor can be used to explain the causes of drug addiction, both nature and nurture have a part to play when it comes to drug addiction (Baumeister & Bushman, 2011).
There is a contingency on both environmental and genetic factors in terms of the risk of drug abuse. Both nature and nurture determine whether a person will become a drug addict or not. Moreover, the interplay between the genetic and environmental factors contributes significantly to drug addiction. To demonstrate the role played by heredity in drug addiction, there is contention that adopted children may become drug addicts, especially if their biological parents abused drugs. This indicates that nature has a central impact on drug addiction since children may adopt such traits from their parents. Adverse environments have a large impact on the possibility for drug addiction in children whose genes are susceptible to drug abuse. Therefore, the environment and genetics may go hand in hand in determining the addiction to drugs (Fiore, 2012).
Although there is no specific gene that can be identified to cause a certain form of drug addiction, genetic factors can be regarded as key factors in drug addiction. There is a strong genetic link, especially between sons and their fathers, in that a person may inherit the behavior of his father. Genetics account for half the risk of a person becoming an alcoholic; there tends to be a variation with regard to the impact of genetics on drug addiction. For instance, heroin and cocaine addiction is more influenced by genes than alcohol addiction. Addiction to some drugs such as marijuana tends to be less influenced by genetic predispositions than addiction to alcohol and other drugs (Grant, 2006).
There are genetic factors that may make a person become addicted only to a certain drug. For instance, some genes may make a person not to get hangovers upon taking a lot of alcohol. Some people may get a neurotransmitter known as dopamine, which brings about pleasurable feelings after drinking alcohol. As a result, a person with such genetic factors would become addicted to alcohol and not other drugs. Some genetic predispositions may make a person to become addicted to a variety of drugs. For instance, a genetic predisposition may make a person engage in risk behaviors such as trying out dangerous substances. Such people may engage in these behaviors despite knowing the risks associated with engaging in the behaviors. As a result of these genetic influences, a person may become addicted to tobacco, cocaine, or alcohol without due regard to the harmful effects (Andrew, et. al., 2000).
Drug addiction is also influenced by nurture in a number of ways; the environment in which one grows plays a central role when it comes to addiction. The way a person is brought up, as well as the environment in which one grows, significantly influences their involvement in drug abuse. It is possible for a person to start drinking if they have friends who like drinking. In addition, a person may drink while he or she is an adult if they consider that the drinking habit enabled them to have fun while they were young. Moreover, drug addiction may be brought about by the response to certain factors in the environment that stress a person. Peers may also influence a person to drink; there is an interplay between the environment and genetics when it comes to the impact of peer pressure on a person’s drug addiction. For instance, persons who tend to be genetically predisposed to peer pressure may become addicted if they encounter peers who encourage them to drink. In addition, the presence of a certain drug in the environment where one lives may also lead to drug addiction (Kenneth, 2001).
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