The death penalty or capital punishment is a procedure which legally justifies a person being killed by the judicial authority as a penalty for a committed crime. The judicial judgment to punish anyone this way is a death sentence, however, the real action of killing the criminal is an execution. Capital offences or capital crimes are the crimes that lead to the death penalty .
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Capital punishment is supported by those who are in favor of it not just because they think it is useful, but essential for the successful existence of any modern society. The purpose of the death sentence is not to perform the act of revenge, at least no judicial authority can admit the probability of such a case; however, in the third-world countries where the bribery flourishes immensely, this process can be used to abuse the rights of other people. The fundamental purpose is to correct or reform people. The death sentence can be particularly effective in showing the potential perpetrators their errors on the example of others and assist in their rehabilitation, so they can live in the society without endangering the fellow citizens (Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty, n.d.).
The majority of people refer to the inhumanity of the death sentence, to the opposition of the democratic and liberal rights of the humans; however, I do not think that a normal and effective existence of the society is possible when there is constantly a possibility of the murderers escaping from prison or being released from the institution, starting to commit the same crimes. The opponents also stress on the possibility of the innocent people being executed for nothing, just due to the wrong evidence or someone’s ill desire for them to leave the life. This point is stronger, but to eliminate such a possibility at all, the government should reform the judicial system more in order to make it look for even deeper pieces of the evidence, act still more professionally and seriously, so no innocent can be put to death.
People can argue against the death penalty as much as they wish to point out the many bad examples and prove that a life sentence is enough to rehabilitate a person, but they seem to not look at the problem deeply enough. If the criminal has enough money, his stay in the prison can be quite comfortable. Moreover, life sentence, in my opinion, only makes the human heart more stony and ferocious, as those prisoners realize that they will have to spend the rest of their life within a limited territory which triggers in them the desire to escape and cause even more harm to everyone who put them there.
Furthermore, the government spends quite a lot of money on keeping them in the prisons. In the entire world people are suffering from hunger, however, a good number of law-breakers can enjoy their free bread for killing others. For example, in 2008 the average cost of keeping a prisoner was $100-$130 per day – the figure differed according to the area of the country. Therefore, about $40,000 are spent nationwide for each prisoner per year; that is an average wage of the worker in the United States (Ornellas, n.d.).
Another good example can be a country which executes death penalty and is considered the safest country in the whole world – Singapore in Southeast Asia. It is not possible to find cleaner and more organized country than Singapore. The rules are so strict there that no one even dares to throw a piece of paper on the pavement or spit on it, as they will pay a very large fine or even get into prison. Many people say that such treatment is not democratic and restricts the freedoms of the person greatly, however, because of this treatment citizens learnt how to lead a highly-cultural life, where manners and morals are of high significance (Arguments for and against the Death Penalty, n.d.).
Criminals who commit rape, murder, or any other heinous crime know what they are doing and what punishment they can carry. Countries without death penalties, therefore, have larger criminal rates, as people are sure that the worst what can happen to them is life imprisonment, which for many of them is not that bad in case they are leading quite lousy existence anyway. They are not as much conscious about their actions as citizens of the countries that execute criminals.
It is also important to note that the majority of violent crimes commit men whose age range is 18-40. For the government, it means that they still may have to live a bigger part of life, at least as the statistics show. In other words, such criminals may cost the country as much as approximately a million dollars during the whole period that they spend in prison without the slightest chance of release or rehabilitation (Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty, n.d.).
It may sound ridiculous but at the second part of 2008 the United States kept more people in prisons than the Swiss population numbers in general. If all these people were to form a separate country, it would be on the 94th place according to the population with a possible GDP of the area of $300 billion which is much more than South Africa, Argentina, and Portugal (Ornellas, n.d.).
Going even more back to the history of the United States, from 1968 till 1976 there were no executions at all. During that period, the murder rate increased by 50 percent, which made people feel free in whatever they do. The next 20 years changed the situation a little bit: The murder rate fluctuated within 15 percent of the 22,000 per year figure.
An interesting fact was evident from 1994 – the amount of murders and other violent crimes started to decrease continuously. This happened due to the significant increase in the execution rates when the government had finally decided to reintroduce the death penalty or at least those prisoners who served the life sentence were executed (Ornellas, n.d.).
The death rows were prisoners who await their fate for over ten years cost the country much more than standard prisons. The inmates have access to the whole legal process that at the end costs a small fortune. To keep those prisoners in the right place for them, the taxes are taken from citizens who have nothing to do with the murders and just wish to live in the safe country (Ornellas, n.d.).
It is quite unusual for me to hear that my co-citizens join the Armed Forces on their free will, however, when they are sent to the place with the ongoing military activities (for example, Afghanistan), they try to look for the way to escape from their duty. They knew what they were signing for, however, they try to avoid the responsibility when it comes to it. The same situation is with the murderers, rapists, and others alike – they know what they are going for committing a felony, therefore, they should carry the full responsibility for their actions. I do not have pity for them, as each of us can choose our own way in life – they chose murder, they will be executed for it.
I recognize that my position must sound very callous and even cruel, however, I am sure that the majority of people across the whole world would accept it, if not publicly (because of fear of being accused in undemocratic and inhumane behavior) than definitely deep in their hearts as the crime should be equally punished. Moreover, let us think about the feelings of the mother whose son was murdered, and the murderer is free to spend his life in the prison, communicate with others, walk, eat, read, sometimes work. What will this mother want? Will she be satisfied with our judicial system? Will she consider our government to be just and caring for its citizens? The answer seems to be quite obvious. Therefore, the various organizations can stand up for the life rights of everyone as much as they wish; however, there should be a limit to everything – to respond with kindness to a capital crime means to undermine our own safety.
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