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Free «The New Jim Crow» Essay Sample

The current day criminal justice system is just the modern day institutionalized version of social control that mirrors that of the former Jim Crow laws of the south. This refers the former enacted laws in the United States of America, which were characterized of discrimination among racial lines. The laws led to decline in the number of the black people being registered and eligible for voting in the US. The Jim Crow was a series of non-flexible laws which did reflect anti black manifestation. For instance, there was permanent custody of children in jail. There was strong support for control, maintenance, and spread of the spirit of Negros. The word Negros refers to the jargon for the black people. This was a form of abuse for the black from the white Americas. The history of black segregation is very old that any history in the world. The bitter part of the history was segregation from Americans with the African origin in the name of scholars. There was an incidence where a black scholar once claimed that ha blacks have low intelligence. When the same black was subjected to a test he did prove to have deep African roots (Ayers 89).

Social injustice is the most controversial topic in most modern democracies. There is a mirror of what was fought for many years in Africa. It is funny to note a replica of the same social injustice in the current world today.  For instance, in the state of Carolina, there is rampant social injustice still going on without any state intervention. The segregation and abuse of the blacks is coded. The human existence is sacred. The existence of all human beings is the rationale and reason for God’s creation. This is the reason for universal respect for all human beings regardless of age, race, religion, and gender (Barnes 78).

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The Jim Crow laws did start from early 1880s. Most of the laws were legislated after the American civil war. The laws were most common in the South American states. There common phrase was anti-African pieces of legislation in the south. The Jim Crow laws were a strong tool of segregation all over America. History is very clear on the rise and eventual fall of the segregation laws in America.

Criminal justice is based on protecting the criminal. The common understanding is that the criminal also has its own rights. There is no reason to punish the criminal severely. The essence of punishment is to rehabilitee the offender. This is the propounding rationale of the criminal justice in civilized society. There is no reason to be uncivilized in the civilized societies today. Crime comes as a result of frustration and lack of direction among most people in the world. There is no need to instill morals and guidance among the people. This will curb down the crime rate among most people (Bartley 45).

Another perspective of racism is the passing of curfew in some states. The worst victims of the curfews are the black Americans. The police and other law enforcers take advantage o the situation and victimize the blacks. There are incidences where even the church goes are stopped and checked in the name of law enforcement. The law needs to be like a double sword. It needs to cut forward and backwards in the equal measure yardstick.

There is gross violation of justice even inn the passing and issuance of driving licenses. Some roads are sometimes earmarked for the whites only. This will force Africans to use alternative roads for travel. The passing of safety regulations sometimes has some hidden meaning. It is meant to control the freedom of the Africans in their daily lives. Whenever there is an outbreak of a disease, the law enforcers establish a restriction on the movement of the blacks. This is seen as a tool of segregation. The people think that the blacks are responsible for fast spread of the disease.

The state of the current day criminal justice is very wanting in most states. In the United States, the provision of public utilities reflects social injustice. Let us begin from the housing facilities. There is no clear legislation on the access of the housing facilities fairly among all people. Officials tend to enact laws in an unfair means. There is the tool of bureaucracy in the offer of the basic and essential commodities in the southern states of America (Barnes 56).

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This argumentative paper raises critical issues to be addressed by the current day authority. The rationale is to promote social justice among all people in the United States of America. We remember in South Africa about the apartheid regime. There was a policy of separatism along racial lines. The lines were for the blacks, whites, and Asians. There were schools for the black, roads, and streets for the different races. This culminated into hatred and made the South Africans people irritated. The result was the fight to chase away the whites and take over the leadership of the nation.

Respect for all human beings is the basis for all justice in the current day in the society. There is need to enact laws to enhance fairness among all people. The law enforcement sometimes tends to be tough on commitment of crime. The penal laws are the not the right way to way in order to promote social justice in the current day society. The imposition of harsh sentence will not suffice to curb crime. The most appropriate way to deal with crime is to establish many rehabilitation centers. This will serve to change the deteriorating behavior of young people.

The current system of justice laid focus on the primary concern of retribution. A society will not groom with the spirit of retribution. There is need to promote rehabilitation especially among the young people. According to one criminal justice lawyer, rehabilitation is the tool of progress in any social state. The criminals will sense after rehabilitation instances of harsh punishment of lawbreakers will instill immorality among the criminals. They will not see the essence of changing their criminal activities and transform to productive activities (Ayers 68).

The current day social justice system has come up with principles aimed to promote social justice. The examination of the same principles represents a private means of enhancing racial inequality among the people. There are multifaceted drivers promoting racial inequality in the current day society. The mode of application of law is selective. This raises the rhetoric of being tough on crime in the current day social justice system. The racial lines are the basis of law enforcement. Sometimes the white are believed to be the all time committers of crime. They form the first suspect whenever he is a criminal incidence. The Hispanics and the blacks are greatest victims of racial discrimination in most incidences. Drug abuse is the common crime in the current day society. The target people are the blacks. There is imposition of stiff sentences and penalties whenever an African is involved. The number of Africans in prison is relatively high in relation to the number of white law breakers in the prison. This is a concern amongst the crusaders of social justice. The number is believed to be higher than the number of inmates during the apartheid in South Africa.

 
 
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The essence of the paper is to promote the social justice framework in the society. The judges sometimes assume of the blacks in the courtrooms. There are widespread incidences of police discrimination in the enforcement of law. This is clear in the choice of whom to search for drug abuse. The focus of the police in the ghetto walls is to look for drug dealers. The drug interdiction programs are a good initiative by the police. Ti is supposed to be executed equally among all the people. Most of the highway arrest reflects racism. Some researchers argue that the incidence of whites carrying drugs is relatively low as compared to the blacks. The state of the current day criminal justice is very wanting in most states. In the United States, the provision of public utilities reflects social injustice. Let us begin from the housing facilities. There is no clear legislation on the access of the housing facilities fairly among all people. Officials tend to enact laws in an unfair means. There is the tool of bureaucracy in the offer of the basic and essential commodities in the southern states of America. Another controversial case is of the pedestrians’ arrest. There is a claim that the majority of traffic lawbreakers are the blacks. This is not true among the Africans.

Criminal justice is based on protecting the criminal. As long, there is the need to enact and enforce law, the rights of the criminals to be protected. The common understanding is that the criminal also has its own rights. There is no reason to punish the criminals severely. The curtailing of the social rights of the criminals is the promotion of crime in itself. The essence of punishment is to rehabilitee the offender. This is the propounding rationale of the criminal justice in civilized society. The criminals have right to access of the basic essential services. There is a right t food, water, medication and even entertainment. There is no reason to be uncivilized in the civilized societies today. Crime comes as a result of frustration and lack of direction among most people in the world. There is no need to instill morals and guidance among the people. The sense of morals will cut down the crime rate in the society. This will curb down the crime rate among most people (Bartley 98).

The current day social justice system has come up with principles aimed to promote social justice.  The principles have achievements and failures in equal measure. The principles are silent in regard to equal treatment o all people. The close examination of the same principles represents unjustified means of enhancing racial inequality among the white and black people. There are multiple drivers promoting racial inequality in the current day society. The mode of application of law is selective. This raises the rhetoric of being tough on crime I the current day social justice system. The racial segregation is the basis of law enforcement. Sometimes the white are believed to be the all time committers of crime. They form the first suspect whenever he is a criminal incidence. The Hispanics and the blacks are greatest victims of racial discrimination in most incidences. The incidences include police checks, patrols and drug programs.  Drug abuse is the common crime in the current day society. The target people are the blacks. There is imposition of stiff sentences and penalties whenever an African is involved in perceived criminals’ engagement.

To summarize, social law and justice ought to focus rehabilitation rather than retribution. Stiff sentences tend to promote racism rather than curb crime in the modern society.

Some of the current injustices of criminal systems include harsh sentences and penalties and denial to access of basic and essential services to the suspected criminals. The judges turn a blind eye to some sensitive cases in favor of the whites. 

The prison industrial complex is another issue. Some of the minorities suspected of dealing in drugs are kept in custody for a long than necessary time. There is the perceived drug interdiction by the police. The detention without trial is gross injustice among the minorities. The jail term is supposed to be reasonable so as to enhance the investigation process. This is gross violation of minority injustice and a version of child abuse in the current system. There ought to be an emphasis on rehabilitation centers rather than custody. The assumption of innocence until proven guilty should be applied to promote fairness

   

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