Monotheism in religion is worshipping of a single God. Islam is one of the most monotheistic religions that have ever existed on our planet.
In Hanifan’s poem “Monotheism, the Oldest Religion” the well-known Islamic formula is the main theme of the whole poem: “There is no other God but Allah” (Hanifan). This saying is equaled to the non-dualistic doctrine of the Hinduism School of Advaita Vedanta. However, Hinduism is very often called to be quite a pantheistic religion, and sometimes even atheistic. Despite the fact that Hindus have only one God, the forms that the God can obtain make many people believe that Hinduism is a polytheistic religion.
Hanifan praises Islam, stressing on its deep monotheistic roots: “Monotheism, the oldest religion shines the brightest by far…” (Hanifan).
Another leading formula of Islam about Muhammad being the Messenger of God appears in the poem. The first form of this formula depicts Allah as such, but the second formula shows us Allah in a limited form of his Messenger.
Hanifan continuously stresses that Allah is the all-knowing and all-powerful God, sustainer and creator, and the judge of the Universe. Islam strictly states that Allah is singular, omnipotent, and merciful: “Almighty all merciful, all knowing is he, your Lord, your Protector, your friend is waiting for thee” (Hanifan).
The indivisibility of Allah also shows its monotheistic nature. No one knows where Allah stays, how he looks, and what he will do next. Despite this, Muslim people do not imagine their lives without Allah. He is the leading power and the meaning of their lives: “With your heart filled with love, pray to the Lord of the Star, we love you, we praise you, we need you, Allah-U-Akbar” (Hanifan, 2002).
Monotheism of Hinduism is more difficult to track due to all the differences in views on this religion being monotheistic at all. That is why the nature of monotheism should be sought in each person individually, learning his or her points of view and preferences in religion. In the poem by Mirabai “I Have Found” we can observe monotheistic ideas of the author when he mentions the boatman being his guru as if this boatman personifies the God here: “On the boat of truth, the boatman was my true guru. I came across the ocean of existence” (Mirabai). The second line presupposes that the talk with the boatman-God allowed the author to understand the purpose of life.
“I have found, yes, I have found the wealth of the Divine Name’s gem. My true guru gave me a priceless thing” (Mirabai) – the author does not use the name of the God he refers to, but his spirituality and faith do not become smaller from this. Mirabai receives some vital knowledge which changes his life.
The God in Hinduism is the One Truth but with many names. No one can be compared to him; no one can dominate him or be equaled to him. The Hinduistic supreme God possesses six most important qualities: omniscience, sovereignty, energy, strength, vigor, and splendor.
Mirabai does not refer to these qualities directly; he names the God ‘Mountain-Holder’ and ‘Mira’s Lord’, ‘the suave lover’ in order to show his deep worshipping of his true and single God (Mirabai).
In conclusion, it is evident that Islam and Hinduism cannot be considered to be monotheistic religions of the same nature as their nature is different: quite arguable in Hinduism but very strong in Islam.