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Literature is the finest representation of life conceived only in the imagination of a writer whose character and knowledge has conquered all social limits and he/she sees this society clearer than us. Through a piece of written literary work the writer invites us to share his views and make changes for the sake of a better future. Like in the novel Brave New World the writer creates in their imagination that 'Real Person' and make him/her to play a specific social part where the character steps out of his social personality into his universal individuality. In fact, it is this super dimension of the characters that is enthralling and qualifies them as the pointers of social change. These extra-ordinary actions of the characters trigger social change in a manner that is of accurate universality.
The Nature of Brave New World's Society
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The society in the Brave New World is a disturbing, trouble-laden and even in an ominous place. The story gives a comparatively sympathetic nature of the savage life and goes ahead to show how painful the old era can be. In this society, wars and poverty are unheard of but a genetically-predetermined caste system exists: The Alphas are the superior while Gammas, Epsilons and Deltas, whose brains have been declared incapacitated toil, suffer and languish at the bottom. The story exploits the anxieties of the bourgeois and the pleasure derived from the mass consumption of good, games, promiscuity and the 'soma': the pleasure-drug. The eminent problem in the modern society is not intolerance after all, but social class supremacy that propagates the daily acceptance of unearned advantages of the systemic institutions. Brave New World presents a multicolored image of social class imbalances in a multiracial society and shows the appreciation of such diversity, but it should be remembered that the upper class has enjoyed supremacy at the expense of the others- and the Alphas seem to reinstate this.
The propagation of social class imbalances that is enhanced in this novel by the use of emotional complexity and intimate narrative of events, rebels against the rules of a simple conclusion. However, it is good to say that it unravels many social and psychological issues that cause economic disparities and further proposes tolerance as the remedy. The novel goes beyond efforts to provoke us to think about social class charged confrontations and further subliminally shows how passive economic prejudice and pre-conceived notions have become part and parcel of our society. The novel shows us the truths of economic unfairness in a manner that is thought-provoking but it fails to address, and in fact reinstates, the mother of economic wars in the modern society: social class supremacy and its systemic institutions.
The events in the story depict as platform of social forces that are objectively intermingling to attain a higher state of reconciliation where each character is a personality expressed force. Aristocracy coming head on to compromise the man in the streets is evident in the manner in which Alphas, despite their literacy and astute mind, seek in a marriage the physical strength in women and the physical good looks. The monumental tragedy here is that of opportunism. The Alphas aim not to eliminate this aristocracy but to reinstate it in an altered state. Every event and character in this story socially changes and what comes out at the end is nothing but the thrilling drama of social change.
Production and Consumption of Goods
Another interesting feature of the Brave New World's society is the aspect of production and consumption of goods due to the forces that act around these two economic concepts. The nature of civilization that Huxley presents in this commentary society is entirely depended on production and consumption such that if the two were to stop the negative effects would be unimaginable. The lives of the people are far scripted and predetermined in the chain that workers will continue to produce as the society continues to consume. This circle becomes very vicious and the fact that it determines the daily lives of the people in Huxley's novel, changing it becomes very dangerous. The major reapers of the economy, who work less but earn a lot, are willing to lay off a few lives to ensure that no change occurs.
The new world's society has offered lasting solutions to many old age economic woes of inadequacy but pushing the levels of economic instability to greater heights than the one we live in. The inherent consumerism patterns are so rigid making the society regard minor changes as drastic shift from the normal. A good example is when the savage John joins the World State. In the normal society we live such an ugly looking male would undoubtedly be abnormal but can not make it the news features of our media. But to the World State such a man, dressing oddly, is considered as a threat to the society and must therefore be taken out immediately.
In the Brave New World there are characteristic and apparent allusions emanating from the sobriquets given to the characters. For instance, Lenina, Benard, Marx and others stretch to the overbearing control imposed by the government to monitor people's livelihoods. The base of this society being built on the marketplace and the consumption of goods notwithstanding, there appears to be a subtle opportunity for abject capitalism, in which individualistic merchandise is the utmost foundation for everything. This allusion of societies is far alluring, and one cannot resist pondering which the powers deserve high regard. From an ignorant eye's point of view, the World State economics appear sincere and to the point since the lowest, the Deltas, Gammas and Epsilons, also make a number of widgets daily. As a result, the remaining part of the society ought to consume them lest the widgets begin to pile up. Mustapha Mond argued that they wouldn't decrease working hours and so having more or less widgets produced would be something out of the norm. Because of the harsh social structure of the World State, this type of slight change could have dire consequences. The widgets have been trained the apt skills to only undertake their work as presented; hence they are unable to think beyond the basics that they have learned.
On the other alternative consuming side, if there were not enough widgets for the people they wouldn't they think to contact the factory staff because this would call for analytical thinking, which is prohibited by the draconian laws of the World State.
Brave New World largely defines freedom through the structures that hinder freedom. Bernard feels these constraints most acutely when two characters: Bernard and Lenina have a dialogue about freedom. Lenina argues out that everybody has a great deal of freedom in order "to have the most wonderful time." Soma is an icon of this kind of freedom, as it puts people in a hypnotic state in which they no longer feel as though they should have queries. Bernard on the other side insists that is not freedom at all.
Bernard says that his idea of freedom is that an individual should be apart from the rest of the society. Bernard strives to be free in his "own way...not in everybody else's way." In addition Huxley argues that certain measures in the modern society work like soma in this fantastical utopia world. Often he argues contrary to the use of adverts specifically for the manner in which they propelled consumers need to buying the same products. Such actions keep people within predefined structures, and it quashes free thoughts, which ultimately restrict freedom; Utilitarian Happiness.
The goal of a utilitarian society is to produce the highest amount of goods for the largest number of people. According to Huxley this particular good is equated to happiness. Government, industry, and other social apparatuses are existent in order to boost the happiness of all members of society. John the Savage creates an opposition to this notion of utilitarian happiness. He says that humanity must also learn to be unhappy in order to create and appreciate beauty. The use of soma is a good example of the contrary. The drug users take the drug with an objective of going on a "holiday" from any kind of depression. Due to the fact that they don't experience unhappiness, the drug keeps them from wonder and the appreciation of beauty.
The Transformation of Human Relationships
The society in Brave New World can only survive because it has destroyed any remnants of human relationships and bonds. The relationships of father and mother no longer exist because all human beings are born in a scientific lab. The relationship between husband and wife is no longer necessary because society shuns monogamy, and all men and women learn to share each other equally. The cost of such actions is that human beings cannot truly experience the emotions of love. Both John and Lenina begin to feel these strong emotions over the course of the novel, but they cannot act on these emotions in a constructive way because neither can comprehend how to have such a relationship in their society.
The tribal dance shows that although their culture differs entirely from Bernard and Lenina's, it is also imperfect because it too enforces the suppression of emotion. The tribe worships a hybrid of Pookong and Jesus as their deity, which shows how the Indian culture fuses religion and superstition. Whereas the Indians unemotionally take part in the ritual dance, Lenina begins crying when she sees the blood of the sacrificed young man. Huxley has characters view the madness of Indian ritual directly, without the veil of soma, but the tribal ritual successfully eradicates emotions and sentiment from the Indians even without soma. Huxley juxtaposes Lenina's uncharacteristic tears with the uncaring of the very people that supposedly suffer from unwanted emotions.
There is a seemingly natural desire to sequester those who are different as human nature rather than only as a function of governmental power. Society has outcast the Indians for their differences, yet the Indians also make outcasts of others, as exemplified by John the Savage. He is a hybrid, a man who has partial conditioning but who has also learned Indian ways. He does not belong to either culture and can thus evaluate the relative merits of both. He is an entirely sane individual caught in an insane environment with a half-insane mother. Interestingly, although he is of the sanest characters, his mother describes him as being mad. John also alludes to Shakespeare, whose literature plays a role in the novel. John laments "that damned spot" on the ground, which is the blood of the sacrificed Indian but which refers to Shakespeare's Macbeth. This reference may symbolize the complicity of "civilized" society in the destruction of Indian culture.
Social change is positive growth and this positive growth is attained when knowledge overwhelms ignorance. The irresistible need for economic adventure among the Alphas calls for a higher fulfilment to achieve reconciliation with the ignorance of the minority despite the contradictions. In contrasting the ideal society of Brave New World with the real one, it is worth stating that the death of old age won't come simply because we have died at sixty and we should brace our selves to the chances of living happily after. As it is, setting aside the arguments of rumor mongers, a life excessive happiness is not as bad as it sounds.
To conclude, the society in the Brave New World is a disturbing, inhumane and even unsafe place. This is attributed to Huxley's hyper intentions of presenting an ideal society with aspects aimed at disillusioning his audience. The nightmarish state created here is notionally secluded with too much for a minority group and too little for the hardworking majority. Themes explored as a general sense include social classification, consumerism, inverted freedom, disturbed human relations and social change. yet too little endows his "ideal" society with features calculated to alienate his audience. Generally, Huxley seeks to invoke the anxieties of the bourgeoisie readership on soviet communism and capitalism. All in all, this novel is masterful work of art that serves to introduce us to the truths of our existence.