What are the reasons for the enhancement in chronic illness in the United States?
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Chronic diseases refer to ongoing incurable illnesses such as heart disease, asthma, cancer, and diabetes. The chronic illnesses mentioned above are preventable and manageable via early detection and improved diet. Additionally, chronic diseases are treatable through therapy that is an indication that with proper strategies these health conditions can be dealt with. It should be noted that the primary causes of chronic diseases are poor lifestyle and habits such as smoking, overuse of alcohol, and a poor diet. Smoking is associated with lung problems whereas alcohol brings about other issues (Larsen & Lubkin, 2009). On the other hand, poor diet causes obesity due to consuming too much junk food that ultimately leads to blood pressure and heart problems.
Furthermore, the lack of physical activity and inadequate relief of continuous stress also lead to the increase of chronic diseases rates. Because of insufficient physical exercise, the body wears off; as a result, an individual is often affected with the diseases such as heart failure. Moreover, a poor relief of chronic stress also leads to poor heart breathing and at times may affect the body function cells. Apparently, there is an increase in chronic diseases in the United States because of the reasons mentioned above and the ignorance by Americans in terms of controlling their lifestyle (Larsen & Lubkin, 2009). The outcome of their negligence is indeed another rationale for the increase of chronic diseases among both the young and adults.
What are the currents and future roles of the community health nurse in caring for persons with chronic illness?
The function of the community nurse in caring for persons with chronic diseases is to direct health care providers towards the right medical approach that can be administered. Furthermore, the nurses will have the responsibility of educating the community on the ways that can be practiced to counter possible future chronic diseases in the community. The education approach will entail organizing of community programs targeted at transforming the community on getting rid of the increase of chronic diseases (Ellen & Martin, 2008). Additionally, acting as counselors is another relevant role that will be implemented by the community nurse both currently and in future. Counseling will help patients to come to the reality and assist them to cope with the situation appropriately.
Other function of nurses in the community will be advising the community on how to live healthy in terms of keeping a balanced diet. Essentially, if the advice if followed, there would be a decrease in chronic illnesses in the community. The nurse will act as a health planner to make sure that the community leads a healthy life free of chronic diseases. Observing the manner in which the community is living will assist the nurse to come up with effective plans that can be practiced by the community so as to live a healthy life (Ellen & Martin, 2008). Fundamentally, the purpose of the nurse in the community currently and in the future is to relate with the community members and offer them appropriate strategies that will counter the increase in chronic diseases.
What are the categories and types of disasters community health nurse deals with?
The types of the catastrophes that the community health nurse deals with are natural, man-made, and hybrid disasters. When it comes to the category of man-made issues, the nurses deal with earthquake, floods, tsunami, and hurricanes. The outcomes of natural disasters often lead to death and increase in disease rates either due to injury or shock. Man-made disasters entail challenges such as nuclear and industrial accidents in the community (Maurer & Smith, 2013). Like natural disasters, man-made catastrophes also have a negative impact on the community.
Lastly, hybrid disaster consists of challenges like the spread of disease in the community and global warming. The mentioned disaster issues often pose a huge challenge to the nurses because it is risky to deal with the outcomes of such issues. Disaster can be classified into category I, category II, and category III, where level I entails organizations or the communities’ ability to address the event and respond effectively using their resources. Category II shows whether the disaster needs external sources that can be provided by a nearby agency (Maurer & Smith, 2013). Category III implies that a disaster is of great magnitude, and, hence, the community might opt for the assistance from the federal state.
What is disaster response? What are the different levels of response?
Disaster response is looked at as the second phase of disaster management cycle. It can also be defined as the ability of an organization such as Red Cross to assist the community that has been affected by a calamity such as a disease. The different levels of response are related to mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Mitigation level entails preventing future emergencies or reducing their effects by buying flood and fire equipment. Preparedness is the aspect of being ready to handle an emergency. The procedure consists of the devices that save lives and aid in response and salvage services (McEntire, 2015). Response is the aptitude to look for a shelter, save lives, and avert further harm in a disaster state of affairs. Recovery, on the other hand, is the last level that entails getting financial help and psychological assistance. Therefore, it is clear that significant strategies have to be taken in emergency response so as to ensure that both sides – the affected and the unaffected, are safe from further harm.