Personality refers to a number of traits that a person displays (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). It results from a combination of factors, including the physical environment, culture, and heredity. Men and women may possess different personalities because of the external or biological factors. Culture is among the external factors that have a significant impact on the behaviors of men and women in the society (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Various cultural environments mould people’s personalities based on ideas, beliefs, and conceptions. For instance, many cultures do not treat women and men equally based on beliefs, which results in the development of personalities by virtue of gender (Gerber, 2009). This discussion will consider behaviorist learning theory and explain the personalities of people based on gender.
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According to behaviorist learning theory, all behaviors depend on the external environment through reinforcement or association (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Different cultures across the world influence the behavior of individuals through association. For instance, the Indian culture requires women to be submissive and men to be masculine (Gerber, 2009). Therefore, women and men learn a variety of behaviors from their fellow women and men respectively. A lady will try to be submissive because she associates submissiveness with women. However, a woman may not be submissive in a culture where most women are not submissive, but will tend to copy the behaviors that the majority of women portray currently. Likewise, a culture in which most men are aggressive may raise aggressive male children since the male children will associate aggression with men and become aggressive (Gerber, 2009).
In conclusion, behaviorist aspects of personality explain how people acquire different personalities based on gender (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Different cultures across the world may differ from one another by virtue of how their women and men express themselves. Some cultures have submissive women and aggressive men (Gerber, 2009). A female child imitates the personality of her fellow women and vice versa. Therefore, gender can play a significant role in the acquisition of personality traits in the world cultures (Gerber, 2009).
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