Free «Medicine Essay» Essay Sample

Q1 diarrhea

This is where one execrates liquid stool, it is also bowel movement that is caused by the movement of the fecal material the intestines in a quick or rapid manner making the body be unable to absorb the water. In addition, the diarrhea material also contains very high amount of electrolytes. However according to the world health organization there are many types of argent that causes diarrhea, thus resulting to dehydration and death in children. When a lot of electrolytes are lost due to diarrhea, the body loses its normal aid base balance leading to a condition known as acidosis. Diarrhea may be acute or chronic, some of the causative bacteria include shigella, campylobactorer and salmonella which induces diarrhea through contaminated water and food, parasites such cryptosporidium and Guardia are the most virulent causes of diarrhea. Other causative agents are the rotavirus, whose infection also causes diarrhea.

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Treatment of diarrhea is by the use of antidiarrheal medicines which include loperamide and bismuth is also important that antibiotics that are prescribed by the doctor are used to kill bacteria. However, it is important to know the cause of the diarrhea because if it is caused by bacterial or parasitic infectious of the antidiarrheal may worsen the condition.

Loperamide reduces the bowel movement and bismuth subsalicylate balances the fluid movement in the intestines. For health adults there is not any side effect caused by the medicines. However those with health problem or older adults may experience abdominal pain, constipation, nausea and dizziness when they use loperamind.for bismuth subsalicylate, it istinnitus, constipation and blackened stool.

Q2 Asthma

This Asthma (AZ-ma) is a long-term lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Asthma causes recurring periods of a whistling sound when you breathe, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. The coughing often occurs at night or early in the morning. Asthma is known to affect people of all ages, but it most often starts in childhood. In the countries such as the United States, more than 22 million people are known to have asthma. Nearly 6 million of these people are children.

Asthma is not curable but it is manageable, its treatment is divided into long -term control and the other one is the quick relief control. Long -term control is usually a daily medication to control persistent asthma, by controlling airway inflammation. The quick relief medications for controlling acute asthma "attack" by making the bronchial muscles to relax.

This medications are administered orally or by inhalation by use of metered-dose inhalers(MDI'S).Its management include the change of the environment so as to lessen the chance of an asthma attack, they include clean house, avoiding feathers and pets, clean beddings, and the use of encased mattresses and pillows.


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