Cases of diabetes among the Native Americans are reported to be higher than in the rest of the population. According to American Diabetes Association, type 2 diabetes is the most common among this population (Andrew & Boyle, 2008). Diabetes is a lifestyle disease; it can easily be avoided by a healthy lifestyle, which entails eating right, physical exercises, drinking lots of water, and regular medical checkup. According to MacDonald & Moulton (2005), high occurrence of the disease among the Native Americans can be traced to a lazy lifestyle without exercise, as well as poor diet instead of healthy food consumption.
The prevalence of diabetes among the Native Americans is 2.8 higher than among non-Native Americans. Diabetes was not common for the early Native Americans’ population. Furthermore, studies show that the introduction of foreign food in their diet has contributed to the increase of the disease (MacDonald and Moulton, 2005). The disease is among the top causes of mortality among the Native Americans. Children below 10 years usually develop the type 2 diabetes that has not been previously associated with that young age. Diabetes’ cases occur in North Dakota, South Dakota, and Minnesota. These are states with high Native American population, one of the largest in America. The disease is prevalent among the elderly, especially American Indian women (Kahn & Gordon, 2005).
Patients suffering from diabetes are most likely to have other related complications such as heart diseases, high blood pressure, pneumonia, and in some severe cases, kidney diseases. Diabetes has contributed to the rise of these related diseases among the American Indians. Native Americans need to be sensitized on the importance of the right diet and physical exercise. Moreover, it is necessary for them to seek for medical advice in order to counter the rising cases of diabetes.