Beethoven was a composer of classical music from Germany though most of the time he lived in Austria. He is regarded as a supreme composer of the old time. One of the most exciting things he is remembered of is his ability to still compose music even after loosing his hearing ability. He played a key role in the transition of music from classical to romantic. His ability to compose music is still an inspiration as well as an intimidation to many composers who came after him.
Beethoven was a son to Johann van Beethoven and Magdalena Keverish. He lived between the year 1744-1787 and his music talent was visible at a very tender age. His music career is divided into three periods namely; early, middle and late. During his early musical years Beethoven emulated his predecessors as well as venturing into new fields which enabled him to expand greatly. During that time he produced the first two symphonies and one of his famous pieces. His middle era is characterized by his great misfortune when he lost his hearing ability. This misfortune did not shutter his dreams of becoming a composer since it's at this time that he emerged as a hero though it was through a great struggle. Most of his works were produced during this time and among them is some of the most famous classical music. During this time he managed to produce six symphonies(1).
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His last period lasted until his death and it began in the year 1816. Most of the works of this time are characterized by intense intellectual depth accompanied with interpersonal expression of high standard. At this time Beethoven experimented with movements which are a characteristic of the ninth symphony. His music has touched many hearts and his ability to attract a large audience played a big role in this achievement. He was a comprehensive musician and composer of his time. One of his major challenges was sickness which finally led to his death.
His music was build basing on the principles of his predecessors. The principles which he based his music was of sonata and motivic forms. He regularly changed his symphony from four ordered structure movements to an open form which was much fairer. These modifications enabled him to make many movements that could be easily sustained and through this his work would give cohesion. Among his work were some religious songs since he was raised from a catholic background. Example of this music includes mass in C and Missa solos. Some of the factors which contributed to the shift in his music from classical to romantic were the growing ideas of romanticism in his place which really enlightened him. At the beginning of his musical career Beethoven composed simple songs for instance the 'Adelaide' and his piano skills helped him to make the great achievements (2)
The music that greatly impressed Weber as a young boy was that of Beethoven. And because of his great liking of the music he became obsessed with it and as a result he performed some of it at his home stage. This was possible since his father owned a marionette theatre at some point of his life. Wegner and Weber new each other well and it appears as if the two were family friends. The sudden death of Beethoven awakened Weber to serious learning since he desired to know many things about him. In Wegener's 'Red Pocket book' he accounts how the conversation between Beethoven and Vienna inspired him to reform his works to dramatic music.
Wegner developed the concept of infinite melody from Beethoven. This new concept helped him to develop continuous music flow. This is clearly visible in his autobiography which was written from around 1860s to 1880. In this writing many references has been made to Beethoven in association to his forms of dances which were derived from his music and his musical drama concepts. In most of the work that Wagner left behind the most referenced person is Beethoven. Even the diary that contained Wagener's early life left behind by his wife contained similar information of the impact of the classical singer over his life (3)
One of Wegner's interesting actions is when he instructs his publisher to copy the portrait of his role model in order for it to remain as a visible musical world that is innermost. There remains an interesting account of Beethoven's record and Wagner's fiction. Wagner shares the sorrows of his hero by reflecting at his struggles during the time when Beethoven lost his ability to hear. And there is much that aspire him for instance his theme against oppression which made him to be regarded as a hero. Most of Wagner's musical drama is rooted to Beethoven opera which was only one.
At seventeen Wegner went to stage to perform one of his mentor's song but it turned out to be very frustrating. Wegner's sonata reveals a clear inspiration from Beethoven music. Though as a young upcoming artist of his time he receives Beethoven's E major score which reveals that he dedicated his time in mastering the skills of his hero. Though Wegner's music has a time signature that is different from that of Beethoven he starts his song the way Beethoven started his. There is no difference in the rhythms as well as the overlapping phrases. That is the reason why he later acknowledges that he could never have composed music the way he did if Beethoven had never been born.
He isolated genius strokes from his predecessor's piece of work and used them to create something different from opera. His greatest innovations were from Beethoven's rhythm structures. Musical pieces collected from these ancient composers were used to develop western music which has only changed in the recent past. Attack against classical music of European origin started during the 19th century. By then Beethoven's and Mozart's classical music had reached its peak. Luckily the European oligarch realized what was happening early enough and because of the fear of the masterwork which had been done by early composers they created an environment that promoted the spread of the ideas of the Republicans (4)
By then the leading practitioners of romantic music were Wagner and Liszt. Robert Schumann was a journalist and composer at the time so he stood out to defend classical music. Later on people believed that Schumann was personally romantic since after the death of Beethoven all the composers who emerged were lovers of classical music. The trend of classical romantic music continued for some time until the time when there was a sudden shift to the modern kind of music. Schumann's piece of work for instance the 'Carnaval' has some marked resemblance to Beethoven's work of his late years. The only existing difference is the speed at which his emotional tones move which is relatively faster when compared to Beethoven's musical styles. Because of those successive transformations his music took the form of heroic to comic. His music revealed what can be described as ironies and paradoxes which reveal unheard information and in return the composition turned out to be very perfect. Through these variations an artist gets the opportunity to be playful.
These new inventions made Schumann's music more romantic and many people who listen to it would be lost in the intense emotions. Though this aspect of music was powerful there was need for one to understand that it was just classical music in order to avoid ruining the stage performance. With proper understand the paradox can easily be driven home in a wonderful way allowing the greater idea to act as a star in ensuring the performance remains live (5)
Schumann's work reveals his ability of understanding that art is never arbitrary, a concept which is absent in Wegner's composition. For clear and better understanding Schumann ventures into politics and uses his music and journalism as a weapon for criticism. In his compositions Schumann reveals the contrasting characters of people who were in his life for instance his wife Clara. In his writing through journalism he portrays the character of biblical David who was the Psalmist and through this he was able to polish his composition skills. Later in his years as a composer there emerged a group of people who wrote works that were similar to his writings about the biblical David though different distinctions exist between the two written works (6)
The two pieces enables one to tell the styles used by Schumann. For example it becomes apparently clear that in his works Schumann used his own creative imaginations which were expressed in a way that was very wonderful. Though Prague used a number of distinct characters who were not clearly visible to one another but they did it in a way that did not oppose the other composers like Wagner. Though later there emerged people who openly opposed Wagner and his piece of writing. Both Schumann and Davidsbund piece of works showed there reverence for Beethoven. Through their works Beethoven and Bach have been defended and honored as classical writers.
The romantic era music lasted from 1810 to about 1900. The music which followed was classical though the two were continuous with no break between the two periods. The romantic composers went beyond the set rules of harmony and through that something new was created which was referred to as novel musical structures. With continuous use of this practice new quality harmonies were achieved which were possible through instantaneous sonorities as well as complete movement. The word romantic was coined by the early composers in reference to medieval romance. The composers of the time expressed intense and more personal feelings in their music than any other composers who came after them. It was during that period that term musician started being used as opposed to craftsmen(7)
For instance Wagner's 'Tristan und lsolde' is a combination of many things for example music dramas, action, poetry and scenic design which forms Wagner's complete art. To achieve this Wagner wrote several stories and also, he took some characters from mythology of Germany. The greatest opera of Wegner is still in medieval Britain. On the other hand Schumann works reveals his romantic arch which was expressed in the poems which he wrote as well as the music. His music is caged as an intermediate between the passionate music of Schubert and Brahms intellectuals. Before attaining the age of third years Schumann composition were only those of the piano though he was able to pull through well in his symphonies which are among his quality works.
One of the most challenging music was that of Schumann, though we see a marked improvement when his wife challenges him to write simple and under stable music. His wife played a great part in his successful music since she was a trained pianist. As a result his work is one of the most accessible music at times he has been referred to as children's composer. He wrote his music with much intimacy as well as poeticism and through that his music has several entry points. This technique offers him an advantage over his colleague Wagner since his music tires the listener. Schumann is rated as one of the romantic artist of the old time though he died prematurely due to depression at age forty six. Schumann had great passion for music and this desire was the driving force behind his standard compositions. Though he died prematurely his music lived on in the hearts of his funs and audiences(8)
In conclusion it's clearly evident that Beethoven was a hero. His music was irresistible and he attracted a large audience who carried his music on for a long time after his death. He influenced the upcoming composers and musicians who drew their inspiration from him. Schumann and Wegner succeeded as composers because of the influence of Beethoven's musical styles and lyrics. Most of their music have many commonalities with their hero's music. They devoted themselves to understanding his styles of composition as well as dancing styles and the knowledge they acquired from it enabled them to take their music to higher heights. The role he played during the transition from classical to romantic music will still remind many of his piece of work. And through that his legacy still lives on to the new generations that have came after him (9)