For proper and wholesome early childhood development there is need for a well articulated mission ,vision and philosophical statement that governs how a child is brought up to make them develop wholesomely and to properly prepare them for future learning, personal growth and development.
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The vision is to raise and nurture children to become responsible, healthy and sharpen their learning ability now and in future .This is aimed at ensuring that the child develops physically, emotionally and socially. The mission is to facilitate development of a comprehensive early childhood growth and development which ensures that the young children are physically and emotionally healthy and is eager to learn. This is also to ensure that children are raised to become responsible as they grow to adulthood.
The philosophical base for the vision and mission to achieve development of early childhood is based on the fact that a Child or children growth is gradual and developmental. Proper early childhood care ensures the child’s future, physical, emotional and social stability. Every child is unique in their physical, cognitive, emotional and social growth. Children show different responses to affection, plays and to the people in their environments among others. Therefore early childhood programs should provide a nurturing environment which is safe, promoting the Childs development in the social, physical, emotional and language aspects of development. These are all vital in the wholesome development of a child in the preschool level and to also prepare the children for school later on.
Healthy brain development in young children arises from having healthy human contact and positive stimuli which factor in brain development. The behavioral theory of child development advanced by B.F. Skinner is based on the premise of rewards and punishments. This behavior affected by the consequence does not necessarily require repeated effort but only requires a reaction to a familiar stimulus. This theory is useful in promoting understanding of the development of the early childhood learning mechanism. The use of negative or positive rein forcers to strengthen behavior helps young children of the preschool age to learn to obey rules, take advice, be obedient, and take warnings, among others even without necessarily having personally experienced any negative consequences. This is brought about by the notion of the consequences of their behavior and thus train children to be obedient, attentive to details, and thus promote their ability to learn even in the future as the knowledge of what would happen from their behavior prevents certain negative behavioral actions (Theresa & Caplan 2003).
According to (Theresa & Caplan 2003) children are deemed to be natural learners who learn best when they are happily involved in interesting things and put in the safe environment. These aspects when provided help children achieve self regulation which is an important aspect in ensuring the children’s preschool readiness. This is important as it helps children develop self discipline from the early stages of their development, stay on tasks by ignoring distraction while wholesomely instilling a sense of responsibility in them. This is in line with this theory which advances that children are likely to repeat those behaviors which were positively rewarded, willingly and happily.
Research has shown that even babies and very young children respond positively to a system that uses rewards, repeating behaviors when they are rewarded with smiles from their family members which signal approval among others. As children are growing, using positive reinforcement to encourage good behavior can help parents to encourage their kids continued excellence and good behavior.
This theory supports the mission, vision and philosophy statement relating to the development of and early childhood program. The use of rewards and punishments works well with almost all children of all ages children as it trains them to respond better to the learning environment, as they are well conversant with the self regulatory system which becomes beneficial in their later, life in school and even in future.
Proper early childhood education, lays a foundation of the child’s future learning experience, how they develop as individual, their interpersonal relationships among others. Growing and learning of preschoolers is an important development that should be nurtured in the immediate environment surrounding the child. Children require encouragement, safety, love, and understanding among other virtues to help them form proper life perspectives in life. This also helps them develop self regulation which is the socio-emotional and cognitive aspects which are important aspects that have a strong relationship with the characters they develop (Theresa & Caplan, 2003).