Free «American Political Science» Essay Sample

This paper will discuss the subject of American political science. In particular, the paper will discuss the Constitution’s evolution from the Articles of Confederation by way of comparing the Boston Tea Party with the today’s Tea Party Movement.

The Boston Tea Party was formed when Boston colonialists reacted against the monopolistic East India Company and the British government, which took control of the entire tea that was traded in the colonies (Labaree, 1979). In their protests, the colonists destroyed three shiploads of tea by flinging it into the harbor when Boston officials declined to return the tea to the Britain. This is a great incident that took place on December 16, 1773, and is still referred to as an iconic happening of the American history (Labaree, 1979). The Boston Tea Party was the conclusion of the resistance movement all over the British American not in favor of the Tea Act (Carp, 2010). The British Parliament approved the Act in 1773. A number of reasons led the colonists to go against the Tea Act, particularly as they deemed that the act went against their rights of being taxed by their elected representatives only (Carp, 2010). In certain colonies, the protestors successfully made certain that the taxed tea was not unloaded from the ships, but this was not in Boston, as Thomas Hutchinson, a Royal Governor, did not permit the taxed tea to be sent back to Britain. Certainly, Hutchinson did not anticipate the colonists would decide to destroy the taxed tea instead of conceding the influence of a legislature that did not represent them directly (Carp, 2010).

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Apparently, the Boston Tea Party was a major happening that resulted to the development of the American Revolution. In reaction to the protests, the parliament in 1774, responded with Coercive Acts. These Acts, amongst other terms, closed Boston’s trade awaiting the repayment of the destroyed tea to the British East India Company (Labaree, 1979). In response to the Coercive Acts, the protestors reacted with more acts of remonstration, and by calling together the Initial Continental Congress that formally requested the British ruler for abolishment of the Coercive Acts and synchronized colonial opposition to them. In 1775, the American Revolutionary War started near Boston as a result of increase in the crisis (Labaree, 1979).

The Boston Tea Party cannot be considered as a protesting party that reacted against the payment of taxes, but they were protesting against the denial of their rights (Carp, 2010). The party was protesting as the colonists were denied their voting rights in spite of their payment of taxes. This is the same thing that the Tea Party Movement and the Republic Party today is doing to the majority of American citizens. The Tea Party Movement is currently fighting to ensure zero taxes payment (O'Hara, 2010). Nevertheless, some analysis put forth that the party has lost most support amongst the people of America.

The Boston Tea Party is said to have come up in 1773 as a result of two major issues which confronted the British Empire. These issues included the financial predicaments of the British East India Company; and a continuing dispute regarding the degree of the authority of the parliament, in the British American Colonies and there was no elected representation (Carp, 2010).

On the other hand, the Tea Party Movement (TPM) obtained its name from the 1773 Boston Tea Party (Jill, 2010). The Tea Party Movement is a political movement in America which is commonly recognized as libertarian and conservative. In fact, ever since 2009, the party has been in support of political candidates and sponsored protests (Jill, 2010). The Tea Party Movement may be considered as an improvement of the Boston Tea Party. The party gives its approval to lessened government spending, reduced federal budget deficit and national debt, opposes taxes on items various degrees, and devotion to the originality in the explanation of the United States Constitution (O'Hara, 2010).

The phrase Tea Party finds its roots from the Boston Tea Party whereby, colonists protested against the taxed tea that was imported from Britain in 1773 and reacted by throwing the tea from loaded ships into the Boston Harbour. According to some analysts, the tea in the Tea Party may be referred to as ‘Taxed Enough Already’ (Jill, 2010). The Tea Party Movement has conclaves in Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States. However, the Tea Party Movement lacks a central leadership; nevertheless, the party is composed of an association of local and national groups, which decide their own agendas and platforms (O'Hara, 2010). In history, the Tea Party Movement has been named as a paradigm of grassroots political movement, even though the party has also been delineated as a paradigm of astroturfing (O'Hara, 2010).

Some of the most significant figures of the Tea party Movement encompass Republican politicians including Ron Paul, Dick Army, Sarah Palin, Michele Bachmann, and Eric Cantor (Jill, 2010). Nevertheless the Tea Party Movement is not a political party, as according to studies, the majority of Tea Partiers Movement term themselves as Republicans (O'Hara, 2010). This can also be proven by the fact that all of the supporters of the movement have a tendency of supporting candidates from the Republican party. Some analysts such as Frank Newport, Gallup editor-in-chief, have put forth that the Tea Party Movement should not be considered as a novel political group, but merely a rebranding of traditional policies and Republican candidates (O'Hara, 2010).


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