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Free «building programs» Essay Sample
The Julio-Claudian dynasty governed the golden era for the Roman Empire with progress in every field related from business to construction. Their life style described the overall greatness of the Roman Empire. Julio-Claudian dynasty also gained knowledge over art as well that depicted the strong political and educational status of those. They managed to make Rome into one of the big areas of trade and art sculptures. With passage of time they were able to design very great building structures. The Roman art was exclusive and the emperors impacted their decisions on literature as well. Julio-Claudian emphasized on the building programs to satisfy the needs of Rome. They build temples, basilicas and different monuments to showcase their power in the region. With all these things happening around, Roman Empire stronger day by day and with literally no threat from the foreign powers, their planners started to cater the living needs and standards of the people. They were the first one to initialize such work at this greater extent and shaped the whole new Roman building programs. After the creation of the strong government, the political symbolism was emphasized in the building programs (Grainger, 2003). First of all the planners were ordered to give a modern shape according to the revolutions of the Rome and it was started from the Temples and monuments which were present there from many years but were worn and didn’t depict any information about the emperors (Thornton & Thornton, 1989). They key buildings that were initialized by the Julio-Claudian dynasty included Saepta Julia, Thermae Agrippae, Aqua Virgo, Theatre of Marcellus, Aqueducts, Forum of Augustus, basilica Julia, Aqua Julia, Castra Praetoria, Theatre of Pompey, Aqua Claudia, Domus Aurea and House of Vestals to name of a few. The building programs were defined through various procedural methods and most of all the necessity of every program was first discovered as well. The man power was the biggest problem at that time but various planned biddings good contractors were able to work for the government according to their needs. Labor was assigned to different concurrent building projects by calculating the work units. Work unit calculations were designed with the priority and importance of the project in mind and also the expense and its structure. If the structure was incomplete like that of Saepta Julia, the work units were around 500 to 600 and when it came to bigger and new projects like Aqueducts it was around 9000 (Thornton & Thornton, 1989).
 
 
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Thus the total structural approach was designed with much care and responsibility. The quality of the construction was also valued with the work units. The hierarchy of the administration of the building made a very effective approach to overcome the whole procedure. The designs of the buildings were of the most importance. Throughout the Julio-Claudian dynasty the designs were of the most importance in the buildings. The emperors always emphasized that the buildings should always depict their symbol of power and the civilization that is much more advanced and literate in their approach towards the religions and literature (Thornton & Thornton, 1989). The Saepta Julia was built for the casting of votes in the Roman Empire. This was a huge building with many pillars in front showcasing the gigantic image of the Empire (Matyszak, 2006). It later also had various gladiator matches as well. The building is still considered as the masterpiece of construction which is enormous in size and strength and portrays the power of that dynasty. Similarly Aqueducts was another project of forming bridge and pipelines. This was built to provide effective water supply to the Rome. The Aqueducts were around 260 miles in the Roman Empire which supplied water to various other parts of the Empire (Thornton & Thornton, 1989). This definitely states the minds of the emperors who were putting the needs of the people in front. The huge projects which were luxurious were not prioritized but those which were in need were made earlier and quicker. The Roman Forum was built in the center of the modern civilization buildings. Roman Forum consisted of many important structures including the former royal residency, the Regia and the complex of Vestal Virgins (Matyszak, 2006). The temples were given a new looking according to their gods. The temples were very big and had various secret places which were used in the times of war for strategic benefits. The Temple of Concordia was dedicated to goddess Concordia and was situated in the center of Rome. This Temple has been thought to have destroyed and refurbished multiple times but lastly it was built by the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
 
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Temple of Saturn was another temple that built in those times. It was situated at the Western corner of Roman Forum and was formed in the dedication of Saturn the god of agriculture. Roman Forum was the exclusive kind of building that highlights the dignity and the grace of the Roman civilization. The overall building programs were highly effective and they were made with authority and power in mind. Today city of Rome and whole Italy has various buildings which are preserved and these include many buildings from the Julio-Claudian dynasty (Wellesley, 2000). The current shape of Rome still shows that same gigantic charm and fear that was present in those times. The overall building plans that have been progressed by the Julio-Claudian dynasty state the urban image of Rome. Rome has been the center of various Empires and at times had gained various developments but it was not until this dynasty that Rome became the cultural, religious and the social center of the world. Flavians ruled the Roman Empire from 69 AD to 96 AD and were somehow successful in the provision of the same powerful image which was given by the Julio-Claudian dynasty (Grainger, 2003). Flavians looked for reforms in the cultural and structural perspective of the Rome and made new rules that could define the better urban image of Rome. Julio-Claudian Empire was successful in creating so much good buildings in their time that they were started to consider as the best civilized nation on the earth. This was carried by Flavians effectively. However, they didn’t focus on the building plans only but this was a huge planning still. Their biggest famed building was Colosseum. This was the biggest building that was built in the Roman Empire in all those years from different emperors. The starting of the building was done by Emperor Vespasian. The Colosseum had the place to seat around 50000 spectators which could watch over the gladiator matches and games. The Colosseum at that time was considered as the most important artistic building present in the Rome and it still is (Maria et al, 2002). People of the current times still observe this building as the biggest formation of the past times. The structure is fearsome and massive and follows the same path of the power showcasing that has been followed by all the Roman Emperors in the previous years. Colosseum is built exactly in the center of the Rome and can be viewed from all the places of Rome (Jones, 1984). Colosseum was elliptical in shape and was built with stones and iron clamps. The structure was free standing and the design was made keeping the Greek theatres in mind (Maria et al, 2002). The structure has been standing from centuries and due to its fee standing it became vulnerable to the environment. Currently wall of the one side has fallen and other is still standing. The huge change in the environment due to weather etc. have tarnished the skin of the building, but all the same the structure is still present with same impact as it did in the Roman Empire and portrays the overall planning of the Flavians. Another important building that was made under the Flavian Dynasty was the Temple of Vaspasian and Titus (Levick, 1999). This was started by Titus and completed by Domitian. The Temple was built in the center of the Temple of Concordia and Temple of Saturn and was in the love of their father (Levick, 1999). There was always an emphasis on the family name in the Roman Empires. Roman Empire was so great that every Emperor in some way wanted to do something by which he could be remembered (Levick, 1999). This temple was built on the same notion to popularize their family name and in the current scenario of the Roman history they have been very successful in doing so. Severan era was another major emperorship that designed various buildings in the Rome that would make the city seems more of a contemporary one. The city until this time has originated into a great city of monuments and temples where the people believe in the provision of the best and the building were not only there for the usage of the people but for also for the pride and symbolization (Jones, 1984). This clearly depicts the nature of these emperors who wanted their names to be written in the history. Major projects of the Severan era included Septizodium, the Porticus Octaviae, and the Arch of Septimius Severus in the Roman Forum. The Roman Forum thus was a library that included various symbolized monuments of the all the previous emperors who somehow affected the Rome and the Roman Empire. The Severans also formed buildings in the city of Leptis Magna which was their home city (Grainger, 2003).
Septizodium was a decorative building which had no practical use. The name is thought to be obtained from the seven parts in which it was made. The buildings eastern part worn off after some years but major portion of the building still remains. The formation of this building is similar to the fantasies of the previous Roman Empires who somewhat developed various buildings to help out people (Hopkins, 2005). Thus the strategies of all the Roman Empires seems same which is to make Rome more beautiful and to design buildings in such a way that could somehow depict the taste of the great civilizations that were governing in those times. To maximize the same exposure Porticus Octaviae that was first built by Augustus was redesigned by the Severans (Jones, 1984). It was the building that Augustus made in the name of his sister. Then his sister made a library in the name of her son. Thus overall structure was built for the fame of the family. The most important and popular building that was made by the Severans was the Arch of Septimius Severus which was built in the triumph of then emperor Septimius (Jones, 1984). The building is a big gate that is made up of marbles and the structure is huge. It is present in the Roman Forum. From all the analysis of the Roman Empire, it is very clear that the Roman Empire no matter how different emperors came and went, Rome prospered. Rome saw major enhancements in every walk of life. Every emperor in some way or the other emphasized Rome. The buildings have been an important way of describing the grace and fame of the emperorship and they were focused very effectively. Roman Empires were considered as the main source of inspirations in the entire world and they made it more of the inspiration when they created these kinds of buildings and monuments. Various projects depict the symbolization of these emperors stature. The Rome saw major shift towards the prosperous city of the world. The strategically approached plans of all the emperors were of the same nature. Whether they looked at these building for their family name or for the benefits of the people, what they created were things that were never imagined and thought before. The image of Rome in this contemporary world may not be as strong as that was in the Roman Empire, but even with these monuments present in the center of city makes this city one of the best places for the buildings all around the world.
   

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