The 20th and the 21st century have seen a lot of developments in the political world across the globe. Since the First World War, there are tremendous changes that have seen a new dimension in the global politics. More so, the introduction of technological advances in the 1960s such as the internet has increased the interaction of different political structures, with some of these structures coming together to form generic political dimensions. There are different non-political factors that have continued to enhance or rather create a political evolution process among different countries from different continents. One of these factors is the media.
To begin with, the 20th and the 21st century have seen a lot of polarization of the media in different parts of the world. Following this argument, there has been an increased access to information by people from different parts of the globe through the media (Jan 67-71). Whereas it was difficult to access certain information in the past, the current developments in the media industry have facilitated an increased access to this information. In line with this, political news is part of the information that is accessed to by people from different continents. Notably, this news travel as fast to the recipients just as they do to the people who air them. However, it is important for one to understand that as much as the media has contributed a lot towards the evolution of politics across the globe, it has contributed to both positive and negative effects in global politics.
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The media globalization of politics has contributed to a lot of positive effects in the current world. First, the ability to share important information across the globe has contributed to the refinement of political structures across the globe. It is important to note that people from different societies across the globe had their own political structures prior to the introduction of the media. Nonetheless, these structures have been refined over time as these societies seek for enhanced political structures that could be used to govern their people in an appropriate manner. In reference to Milardovi%u0107, Paukovi%u0107 and Vidovi%u0107 (2008), different political structures depend or rather count on other institutions for their survival within the national political environment such as political parties, trade unions, churches and the media (p.21). In consistent with this, the media has formed an important part in terms of political development across the globe.
One of the issues that have been observed in the recent past is the fact that there is an increased political collaboration in different parts of the globe. In the wake of the 21st century when the United States experienced a surprised attack from the Al Qaeda terrorist, there was an instant global outcry, with the US calling on its political partners to join together so that they could work on eradicating global terrorism. Remarkably, this led to the attack of Iraq and Afghanistan by the US, citing that these nations acted as hideouts for terrorists. However, it can be noted that the US and partly Britain utilized the media to justify their actions to the global community in order to seal loopholes of future condemnation of their actions. It can also be understood from this standpoint that the media has been used in the past by the US to propagate the fact that terrorism is a global menace that needs to be eradicated (Jan 72).
Apart from the US calling for other nations to collaborate with it politically in order to eradicate terrorism, the European nations are also part of political groups that have utilized the media in the recent past to further their political policies across the globe. To begin with, the media played a critical role in the coming down of the Berlin wall in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Through the media, those that opposed the Berlin wall saw it fit to merge East and West German politically as a way of erasing the memories of sinister acts of the Second World War that led to a clear separation of these two countries. While this was a milestone in the European politics, there are a lot of changes that have taken place so far among them the formation of the European Union and the integration into this union other nations that are believed to carry or rather posses the same political structures and vision as members of the EU (Held 50). In other words, the media has played an important role in bringing together countries that have the same political vision and structures for their mutual benefit.
Apart from bringing together coalition partners, the media has also contributed to the standardization of political structures in different continents across the globe. It is expected that countries from various parts of the globe would automatically adhere to the rule of law that seeks to preserve human rights while at the same time promoting the welfare of humanity within their boundaries (Gordon 62). In this regard, the media has aided the global political world to discover political atrocities that are committed by a particular political regime in a particular country. For instance, the annihilation of the Kurds in Iraq led to widespread condemnation of the Saddam’s regime. This resulted to imposing of sanctions on Saddam Hussein’s regime that was meant to twist his arm into respecting the rights of humanity. Stated in other words, the media has more than often acted as a link between nations in terms of revealing or rather understanding the political activities in a particular nation.
While intelligence information from intelligence officers play an important role in either the formation or disintegration of political structures across the globe, the media has equally been effective in enabling these structures to survive. Conspicuously, there are no single political structures across the globe that is able to thrive without the approval of people or citizens of a particular region. Therefore, whereas intelligence information play an important role in the holding together of these structures, more than often this information does not get to the general public. Therefore, for any political structure to be able to get this approval, the media has been used as the middleman or rather the link between the common people and political gurus in any particular region (Berger 48). For example, the United States utilized the media in the 1960s and the 1970s as a way of teaching its citizens and the globe in general that communism was a wicked political system that needed to be eradicated. Instead, nations across the globe were urged to embrace democracy as a fair political system instead of communism which was and is still portrayed as a dictatorial political system which does not allow people to exercise their human rights.
The media globalization of politics have enable people from different parts of the globe to seek for new political structures that they believe would honor their rights as human beings (Lentner 2). In this sense, there has been a massive cross-border movement of people as they seek for new homes in countries where they believe they would get political satisfaction. In addition to this, the polarization of the media among people from different societies across the globe has more than often resulted in revolutions in their mother countries as these societies seek to align themselves to a political system that they believe would further their goals in the society.
On the other hand, whereas media globalization of politics has contributed tremendously towards creation of political structures that promote the existence of human freedom, the media has also in some cases contributed to a drift of political societies from each other across the globe (Lentner 3). From this perspective, the media has managed to create enmity among different societies across the globe, specifically in terms of politics. For instance, the media has contributed significantly towards political instability that has been witnessed in the Middle East for more than five decades now. In this case, both sides in this issue have utilized the media as a way of airing their outcry in order to receive public mercy and approval for their actions.
As a result of this, the Arab community has continued to complain to the global community that Israel, supported by the United States and other Western countries has encroached on the land of the Palestinians. Israel and the US on the other hand have proposed to the global community that the difference of political structures and religion are the major contributors of the Middle East crisis, with the Arab nation plotting to grab the Jewish land. More so, the United States of America has managed in the past to portray the Arab community as a society that is polarized by terrorist groups and as a result created a mentality on the global scene that Arabs are terrorists. With this in mind, the United States has managed to further its political ideologies while at the same time ignoring or rather violating human rights of their opponents.
Stated in other words, media globalization of politics has been used as an excuse in the past by powerful nations to further their ideologies while at the same time seeking to increase their political power in other parts of the globe. Therefore, without the media, there is no single nation across the globe that can be able to maintain its superiority. In consistent with this, the media has been utilized as the stepping stone by nations towards claiming their superiority in global politics. For example, the US has more than often portrayed itself as a democratic superpower (Milardovi%u0107, Paukovi%u0107 and Vidovi%u0107 8).
However, the recent history of the US shows that it was characterized by racial discrimination that was recognized or rather approved by the government. Yet, through the media, this nation has been able to carve for itself a niche as one of the most politically sound nation across the globe (Berger 45). In addition to this, the tradeoff between different nations with different political backgrounds has been propagated through the media. The war of words in order to gunner global support or mercy has gone through the media as a channel. Similarly, the justification of political atrocities by different nations across the globe has been done through the media as a channel.
In summation, media globalization of politics has contributed to both the growth and downfall of different political structures across the globe. In line with this, there are different political groups across the globe that has embraced media tools in order to further their ideologies. As a result, they have managed to convince the world that their political structures are perfect and thus need to be embraced by other nations. On the other hand, media globalization of politics has contributed to strife and conflicts among different political groups across the globe. With this in mind, this has resulted to unending wars between nations and other political groups.
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