When the mention of the “Tea Party” is made, we all think of a political party actively involved in the day to day running of politics especially in the United States. However, it would be appropriate to regard this organ as a movement in American politics that comprises of “tea partiers” who advocate stringent adherence to the decrees and provisions of the constitution of the United States. The Tea Partiers are a group of business elites and a group conservative media arms who consider being Republicans. Their main agenda is to spearhead reduced government spending together with decreased tax imposition by the government of the United States. Other issues of concern included decreased national date and the deficit of the federal budget. The Partiers are termed to be partly populist, partly libertarian and partly conservative (Kabaservice 210-13). The Tea parties have even gone to an extra mile of sponsoring protests around the United States and even expressed support for certain political candidates.
The typical profile of the participants of the Tea Party is older, white and average class mainly comprising men. A large number of the members are whites with three-quarters of them above the age of 40 years. With the disproportionate number of white old males, it is no wonder that Tea Partiers are mainly found to have considerably high financial income compared to typical Americans (Skocpol & Williamson.27). Political loyalties and attitudes are more crucial than mere demography. Many of the Tea Partiers are conservative Republicans. Many of them have been in active politics in the past. However, it cannot be said that there is a single organization as a Tea Party, since the name is an organ that covers various groups and individuals. Under this cover, there have been Ron Paul and Woolly Fringe supporters, religious conservatives, Americans for Prosperity, independents and people who never engaged in active politics in the past.
Social Conservatives and Liberals
Conservatism is a main element that defines the Tea Party movement. The Tea Party by itself is a composition of conservatives with different perceptions that include social conservatives and libertarians. Most Tea Partiers self-identify as being angry with the US government. Those who stand in support of the Tea Party specifically distinguish themselves from conventional attitudes held by Republicans. This is especially on such social issues like immigration, abortion, global warming and gay marriage. All the same, the topics of abortion and rights of the gays have been largely downplayed by the leaders of the Tea Party. A large number of the candidates of Tea Party in 2010 have mainly focused on federal deficits and spending as little attention has been given to foreign policy (Kabaservice 330-343). Conservatives have been more enthusiastic than liberals concerning voting.
Liberals, on the other hand, have been found to outnumber conservatives in engineering and the business world. Social conservativeness in America is the defense of conventional social norms as well as Judeo-Christian values. Typically founded in religion, contemporary cultural conservatives, compared to “small regime” and “states-rights” supporters, largely face off the central government to override the states for the sole purpose of reversing state laws that have been found unacceptable like laws that permit gay couples or prevent ownership of guns. Social conservatives have a tendency towards strong identifying with American patriotism and nationalism. They usually denounce those who protest against war and hail the military and the police, as well. They believe that military institutions included basic values like duty, loyalty, courage, and honor together with the willingness on the part of the person to sacrifice for the good of the land.
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Liberals stand in favor of small government, limited regulation, low taxes and free enterprise. On the other hand, social conservatives see conventional social values endangered through secularism. They seem to oppose abortion and support school prayer. They also oppose gay marriages. The social conservatives have endeavored to embrace various strands purported through liberals, emphasizing the need for having unity in an effort of preventing Godless communism spread. According to the description given by the press about that odd political era, the midterm elections seem to have less influence in predetermined climax of the Tea Party (Lepore 87-103). The period leading up to the election brought a series of conquests such as Brown in Massachusetts, Miller in Alaska, Angle in Nevada, O’Donnell in Delaware, Rubio in Florida. Those battles had lit up the electoral map; everyone got a new face in a political target.
Christianity and the Tea Party
Looking at the ideologies purported by the Tea Party, a desire sparks up to establish whether it is just a political phenomenon or a spiritual organization. Ever since the Tea Party surfaced, there have been reports indicating that the Tea Party Philosophy intermingles with Christianity. There is a feeling that the two have combined, and some reports have sought to show the manner in which the basic tenets of the Tea Party align with principles of Christianity. The tea Party is both a political and spiritual awakening. The concern about the United States through the Tea Party has ideally awakened the faith of many Americans. The concern by the Tea Partiers goes over the size of the government and the religious scope. According to Skocpol and Williamson (p.27), “Although Tea Party activists themselves are often socially conservative and may be conservative Christians, the infrastructure of the Tea Party should be distinguished from the church-linked networks prominent in grassroots conservative mobilizations of recent decades”.
The state of having a large government is considered an issue of religion. History has shown that nations with large governments have little connection with spiritual matters. When individuals rely on the government, dependency on God is lessened, and their spiritual commitment vanishes. Secularism and socialism go together. The same case applies to freedom and faith, and that is the reason, why the Tea Party ideology and philosophy is seen to intermingle with Christianity principles. The Tea Party foundational blocks are: fiscal responsibility, free market and limited constitutional government.
While an authentic national movement should have somewhat wide foundational planks, there are strong planks that cannot be traced within the Tea Party: Nationalism and Christianity. These are thought to be the key definers of the challenges being faced by the American society. Some of the challenges facing the United States of America are a woeful economy, illegal immigrants, as well as borders open to drugs, dirt and illegal, cheap foreign-made substances. The Tea Party advocates for strict adherence to conventional American Christian allegiance and culture. The American nation wrestles with a wide arrangement of morally inferred impulses. Gambling has been taken on as a way of raising revenues to the government and licenses offered to casinos as reparations to aboriginal Americans. A lot of moral filth is being aired on radio and TV while some American leaders have been found to deny that the country is a Christian nation. Legal prostitution in Nevada raises eyebrows on whether it is the emerging social revolution.
Libertarians have been offensive all through their presidential campaign forwarding the cause of individual liberty, which takes into account gay rights and drugs legalization in the Republican Party. Just as is the case with Christianity, people with the help of God could do anything. However, disaster fell upon them when they seemed to reject their God. American is believed to be a Judeo-Christian nation since it is the “worldly” lessons of the chosen people of God which are so vital to saving the land and its people. There is a conviction that the campaign by the Republicans cannot be successful if God and Christian values are not embraced. The table of governance in the United States of America requires the backing of God. This is the area in which Christianity has taken place in the Tea Party movement. The tea party has thus been pushed off the center area at the GOP convention since, while its manager are neo conservatives, its background is composed of Christians and the religious right will not leave their God to grasp the lesser of the two evils.
Women in the tea Party
All along, women have been actively involved in day to day politics. They are winning primaries, which is a positive thing for the rights movements of the women, indeed. As a matter of fact, many women have high anti-choice, evangelical, anti-abortion views which obliterate any thought of women progress. From this point of knowledge, one can understand who the Tea Party women are and in what they believe (Zernike 67-76). This is crucial in establishing what the United States could lose when these extreme standpoints are put into law, when a large number of Tea Party candidates emerge as victors in forthcoming elections.
There has been a heated debate about the reproductive health of women, and the Tea Party women are believed to ensure that this change is realized. What happens to the reproductive rights of women in the event that the Tea Party women take political seats is a frightening experience, which can only be imagined as there is a lot of interest in advocating for the welfare of women in the American society. Women are believed to introduce bills that strip existing rights of abortion on both the federal and state level. Women take an active role of fostering bills of parental notification and more all-encompassing vaginal ultrasounds. In the event that the state legislature would be conservative satisfactory, a bill illegalizing abortion could be put into law. The reproductive rights of women that have been dangerously compromised would find a way of promoting them, through the Tea Party, and ensure that they are not infringed on them. The extreme perceptions of the political candidates have calamitous consequences for the rights of women and rights given in terms of abortion (Noah, par. 5-9). It is thus imperative that the nation does not succumb to the idea that women going for political offices are conservative. The most valuable thing is that Tea Party movement has been seen as a particularly crucial organ for the welfare of women in the United States.
Tea Party on Illegal Immigration
From its emergency in 2009, the Tea Party organization has been in support of the firm-line policies made towards border control and illegal immigrants. Tea Party members have differed on the details, but on issues of immigration, they have unanimously supported the deportation with respect to undocumented state dwellers and exercising of current laws. The movement aspire America must hamper the waves of illegal immigrants across the border between Mexico and the United States by the best means possible. The opponents of Tea Partiers and their supporters have been opposed to all-inclusive immigration reform, which takes into account a gateway to legal citizenship. The DREAM Act has also been opposed, as well as any other trials to spend the tax finances on such programs, which support undocumented individuals on the land including their families.
In general terms, the members of Tea Party emphasize that the lax policies of immigration have damaged the economy of the United States. Based on the sentiments aired by the movement members, undocumented immigrants have cost the nation more than they have contributed in establishing education and healthcare costs. Most of the Tea partiers see immigrants as taking jobs from the Native Americans. Partiers do not ascend to the premise that there are certain jobs that the Americans are reluctant to take and which the immigrants are more than willing to take. Even though, the Tea Party movement enjoys a support by conservative Republicans, activists have been critical as far as prominent members of GOP are concerned (Rasmussen & Schoen 134-67). Nearly, all Tea Party movement elements support the efforts of the states to pass laws of immigration.
Most relevant to note is that, the Tea Party are convicted that the local police must have a key authority to deter and detain individuals who are suspected of illegal residence. The movement backs the stand that, since the federal government could not succeed in securing the country’s borders, then the states exercise the mandate to enforce the laws of the federal government by themselves. Most of the factions of Tea Party are largely opposed to the guest-worker arrangements and raising limits of visa to bring on more foreign works into the United States. Most of these factions have a notion that restricted immigration would assist in reducing the rate of unemployment and free up many additional jobs for the native-American people.
Tea Party and Medicare
Even though, some social conservatives denounce judges who they see as liberal, most of them want to make use of the federal state courts, so as to war against the 2010 healthcare law and, at the same time, overrule laws that legalize access to assisted suicide and marijuana. With Medicare turning out to be one of the main agenda by the lawmakers, the Tea party movement leaders have hoped to ignite their support for Republican efforts of transforming the common federal healthcare plan for the elderly. Many Tea Party Movement activists are anticipated to intensify campaign laying a foundation for the forthcoming congressional and presidential elections. The priority by the Tea Party is a strategy of slashing the costs of Medicare as proposed by the House of Representatives, which could gather momentum given that a debt-limit deal between the current president of America together with Congress have made robust Medicare cuts a core item of the deficit debate.
The focus on Medicare cannot go unnoticed in the Tea Party. The program on Medicare would realize instant cuts in the event that the committee did not agree or if Congress did not pass the recommendations as required, the market worth of companies that rely on Medicare spending would fall significantly in a selloff, in the majority of business centers. The Tea Party has made recommendations in Medicare that have not found a place in the government led by democrats. The recommendations were to preserve Medicare for present beneficiaries although change it for future retirees from a structure, which offers guaranteed use to one that offers the elderly monetary help to buy individual insurance. Polls from different sources point to wide public support for making Medicare available in the deficit debate, with many people favoring bigger taxes for the rich over program cuts (Rasmussen & Schoen 297-305).
The Tea Partiers advocate for changes that many Americans have not come to their knowledge in Medicare. Such changes in Medicare have faced challenges from progressive and democratic groups that include the Coalition Health Care for America Now. This pushed for reforms in healthcare of 2010 and seeks to defend that Medicare and new law against attacks of the Republicans through the election in 2012. A health and Medicare policy has thus been a key driving factor in the quest for dominance and governance amongst the Tea Partiers. The lawmakers in the Republican world have now been pushed to come up swinging prior to the same thing occurs in other places. The Tea Party has thus been involved in a system of checks where they advocate for vetting through a season of politics in order to move a parliamentary initiative like that in Medicare.
The move taken by these partiers is to implement public education campaign that engages various groups and their members on matters of Medicare. There is the ability in the Tea Party members to reach out to the public and enlighten them on matters of the Medicare bankruptcy. A perennial campaign matter, Medicare may be particularly influential in 2012 House and Senate forthcoming elections as advocated for by the Tea Party in swing states and may help in determining the result in the White House race as democrats take on challengers from the republican group and candidates, who apparently gain the support of the tea party movement. There have been rebels against the healthcare reforms proposed by Obama. These have been realized in large numbers so as to assist the activists of Tea Party to install a sizeable majority of Republicans in the House (Noah par. 5-9). Fears are ever there where the elderly see it as a way to undermine Medicare support amidst younger taxpayers through the infringement of existing benefits to retirees in the future. The democratic edge could disappear amidst concerns raised by the Tea Party movement in a remarkably quick manner, if the elderly voters linked with democrats with program cuts that may come under the cutting deal in deficit matters.
Tea Party and Welfare
There has been a marked failure of the super committee to attain a budget deal. This underscored the underlying wedge in the politics of the United States. For years, which followed after 1945, the electorate has been somewhat spread around a principal, middle ground. This facilitated the attainment of compromises with much more ease in the legislation. A radical political move through the Tea Party surfaced to challenge these issues. The Party had its ethos reminiscent of rough self-reliance and individualism. That was a truly key force for many years although it seems to have vanished. The Tea Party is yet to acquire enough traction to falsify majorities for new governance (Rasmussen & Schoen 77-91). However, its impact past its numerical strength has formed a successful veto of new governance prior to the present heavily infested Republican House of Representatives.
The Tea Party has played a crucial role in changing the distribution of votes in the House Party of the Republicans. The centre of the Republican Party has moved remarkably close to the movement by the Tea Party. The impact and influence of the Tea Party has also been felt by democrats who have been forced to make some adjustments concerning the people’s welfare. This has formed something of a bimodal distribution in the American society and governance leaving a much diminished centre and more especially in the House of democrats. This has come along with a struggle for the future of the welfare state; a pattern that lacks serious political challenge in decades is emphasizing the decline of the centre. The welfare state has come to a stalemate in matters of economy and financial book-keeping.
The congress has been put on a weigh-scale concerning increased entitlements that do not have a way of funding, which put them on the verge of being unsuccessful. The Tea Party seems to address the fact that endeavoring to find a solution for budget deficits only by increasing taxes has turned out to be a decline in the economy. In a similar manner, contractions have been realized where spending was reduced, even though not to a far smaller extent. With all these challenges to the government, the only appropriate, lasting solution seems to be a change from programs of federal entitlements to a well defined contribution status. Political issues have been seen in both local and state governments’ efforts to cut off public defined welfare programs. The unions of the public sector have robustly fought to prevent the shrinking of their pensions as is the case in the private sector.
The cutting of benefits that are supposed to be given to the people has emerged through the Tea Party protests as a far difficult political duty than preventing federal unrestricted spending (Noah par. 5-9). Levels of entitlement have been created, and these need a larger share of the actual resources to fulfill than it is likely for the economy to be capable to supply. The concern by the Tea Partiers and like-minded supporters is the rate at which the labor force has begun to lose highly productive and skilled workers to retirement. This is mainly the baby boomer generation. Moreover, there is a danger of the replacement to those workers whose track record is not acceptable especially when memories of the 1995 individuals who got extremely poor score in science and mathematics in global competitions. This was a significant slip by American students, which the Tea Party is apparently not ready to see taking place again in all levels of industry and governance in the United States.
The group of people between 25 years of age and below is in dire welfare needs. They had suffered low income and productivity when put on a scale with generations that came before them. The social conservatives are committed to ensuring these issues are properly addressed by the government to keep track of the welfare of its people. Fortunately, through the Tea Party and other organs, the statistical weight of such erosion, as experienced in the contemporary society, in general productivity growth is yet small, although it may decrease if the system of education does not enhance its structures and the immigration quotas are not increased for the skilled individuals.
With the ever increasing concerns on income matters, the inequalities are a disgrace and since these quotas keep on protecting the upper income earners from engaging in a fair competition. Tea Partiers are of the opinion that this could slow down productivity growth and the growth of labor force.
Tea Party and Public Spending
The candidates inclined to the Tea Party are fond of talking about fiscal austerity. For one, they are concerned that Obama has been on a lousy spending binge and that they are the ones who have the courage and fortitude to make sure that he stops. The only challenging bit is coming up with specifics of the manner in which to slash the budget and by how much. This is the commitment made by the Tea Party on public spending. Public spending has been of a major concern in the United States government. It has remained a challenge both for the Democrats and Republicans. The budget numbers speak out for themselves, at large. The proposed budget made by the Obama administration for the 2011 financial year was $3.83 trillion, which made a deficit allowance of $1.267 trillion. The issue surrounding this is striking a balance of the budget exclusively by way of cutting government spending instead of raising revenue. In most cases, the United States government has been plagued through budgetary allocations in public spending (Zernike 34-88). Reducing the budget gap will need a larger overall spending reduction.
The math seems clear as purported by the Tea Party. The figures, which have been allocated in the past for defense issues, social security and debt payments, are thought to be increasingly large. Budget cuts have been highly proposed by the Tea Party. On the same issues, the order, in which the national needs are prioritized, is also of paramount concern. There is an apparent opinion held that every government budgetary allocation, which is neither social security nor defense, should be slashed. Social security needs encompasses education, Medicare and veteran affairs among others. This is one of the ways the Tea Partiers believe is going to help the United States.
The Tea Partiers have turned out to be on the winning side when political candidates are committed to shrinking government spending. Many politicians have started to see the sense in the Tea Party. In essence, the Tea Party is truly right. There is a need to have a conversation concerning deficits, debt and government spending. All the same, it has to occur in a realistic world. This is a point where prerogative reform cuts on defense. The increment of tax levy also appears to be a viable option, though not in a land of fantasies. It is merely not easy to slash satisfactory spending by the government in order to balance the budget, while, at the same time, simultaneously reducing taxes and sustaining the already existing expenditures on defense and entitlements.
Tea Party and its Finances
The Tea Party, like any other movement, has used finances in its day to day operations. It has been able to receive donations from various organizations. The Tea Party movement has benefited immensely from millions of dollars from foundations with a conservative characteristic nature just like the values it upholds in its quest (Lepore 87-103). These foundations are based on rich U.S families together with their interests in business. Apparently, money to plan and establish the duties of the Movement flows through such conservative groups as Freedom Works and Americans for Prosperity. These are the main organizers of the events that are carried out by the Tea Party. The Americans for Prosperity and Freedom Works are lobbying think tanks with a lot of finances, which offer the organizing and logistics for the Tea Party Movement from one coast to the other.
Tea Party and the Media / Fox
There has also been a substantial support for the Tea Party from the Fox News channel. “The conservative media have played a crucial role in forging the shared beliefs and the collective identity around which Tea Partiers have united. This community-building effort has been led by Fox News, with strong assistance from talk radio and the conservative blogosphere. Fox is the primary source of political information for Tea Party activists” (Skocpol & Williamson 29). The talk show of Fox News frequently airs segments highlighting the need for the audience to be part of the protests made by the Tea Party, all across the United States of America. Additionally, Fox has also offered to organize information for the occasions online and on air, as well.
Tea Party and the GOP
After what was seen as a demoralizing defeat in the 2008 elections, the Republican Party appeared immensely devalued, and that is the time when the emergence of the movement by the Tea Partiers offered conservative activist another identity that was financed by business elites, who were Republicans, and strengthened through a chain of conservative media sources. Untethered from the latest GOP suitcases and specifics in policy, the Tea Party put more power and strength to disgruntled middle-class white conservatives and attracted a lot of attention from far and wide despite sluggish or even declining ratings of support from the public, at large. Through participant interviews and observations with activist from Massachusetts, Tea Partiers are not only hostile towards the nation’s governance (Zernike 34-88). They differentiated between programs that were seen as helping the hard-working citizens of the US.
It is noteworthy how the activism by the Tea Party in 2010 reshaped many primaries of GOP and promoted voter turnout, although attained a mixed result in the general election held in November. Activism could continue to impact dynamism in GOP and Congress presidential primaries, as well. Although the Tea Party could finally subside, it has contributed a lot to undercut the presidency of Obama, revitalized conservatism, and at the same time pulled the national Republican arm towards the far right. Despite all this, “Though their ranks are predominantly made up of committed conservatives, the Tea Parties are not operating under the guidance of official GOP institutions” (Skocpol & Williamson 4).
Through the Tea Party, we come to understand that the movement will at no time go away regardless what was happening that November. The story lines, as depicted in media sources, capture masses uprising, whose irritation seems persistent, a primeval scream against tolerance and modernity that could not surrender until Barack Obama; the manifestation of those forces pursue leaving the office. The movement is an efficient history of the people who have streamed to the protests, flocked to the polls, and grand the Angles and the O’Donnells to political recognition. The picture of the movement is demonstrated as older, whiter, more thriving, more possible to be institution culture than the universal public. Tea Partiers diverged from Americans. For one thing, they never liked Barack Obama. During the ballot, only 40 percent of the Americans were unpleased how Obama was conducting his job.
Though their names meant nothing before the general public, the piqued activism by the Tea Party was what made the movement. The Tea Party had no leader but a network hurdle by e-mails, blogs and viral videos which recalled nothing else but decentralize Obama campaign, exactly losing to the spirit of the kinship through the positions. It was not ironical in the fact that the methods championed by Obama in organizing the community were taken up by the Tea Party. The Tea Partiers were less sarcastic, and used fraud of public speaking and the iconography of the public rights association, culminating in Glenn Beck’s rally in Washington, D.C., on the centenary of the protest on Washington. The Tea Party’s role has been and will still be central in twenty-first century politics of the United States.
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