Free «U.S. Social Programs» Essay Sample

Supplemental Security Income

Supplemental Security Income is a social program funded by the tax revenue collected from the public. It was designed to help children, the disabled, the blind and the aged with very low income and resources in the society. It should be noted that only people with a minimum of 65 years are eligible for this program. It is one of the most popular programs ran by the US government in current maintenance of its beneficiaries. It entails the payment of all costs the beneficiaries incur in obtaining their basic needs such as food, clothing, health care and basic comforts items (Social Security Online, 2012).

Since the Supplemental Security Income program was initiated in 1974, it has continuously served people. It has provided its beneficiaries with adequate income, perks and medical care. It has provided proper financial support to its target groups, despite the many challenges that hindered this quest. For instance, the Supplemental Security Income is responsible for the largest percentage of disability caseload in the United States. More than 3.6 million disabled people receive monthly payments due to this project (Social Security Online, 2012).

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The Supplemental Security Income program can easily be substituted by the Disability Insurance Program. This is because the Disability Insurance Program accurately defines disability and the eligibility of people who can qualify for its benefits, unlike the Supplemental Security Income. The Disability Insurance Program was designed to primarily deal and serve disabled people it deems eligible for all kinds of support.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

This program was established in 1997. It replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program. It is mandated with providing indigent families with children and pregnant women with money. This financial aid is temporary and it is intended to support the beneficiaries as they strive to settle their life and support themselves financially. This program demands that the beneficiaries possess few tangible facilities or little source of income to qualify. Adult women are the frequent beneficiaries of the program. It has directly influenced their health status. This fact has been proved by studies conducted on the impact the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families had on women. The funds they obtained through the program were used in services such as family planning and pregnancy prevention methods (Saddler, 2012).

As noted by Saddler (2012), the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families is rather effective in delivering its services to the public. These benefits come as a result of its strict guidelines. For instance, the program articulates that beneficiaries are only eligible for funding for sixty days in their life time. This eliminates the possibility of dependency from the beneficiaries. It has also focused on empowering the beneficiaries with knowledge on the importance of work to support their families. However, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families can easily be substituted by the US Department of Health and Human Services, under which it falls in case the legislature nullifies its continuation.

US Welfare System

This program was established in 1930s. It was intended to support Americans during the Great Depression. It is funded by the federal government. It aids families, individuals and dependent children. However, the aid and the amount granted to the beneficiaries vary from one state to another. The basic aid includes: healthcare services, food supplies, child care programs, cash grants, housing assistance and employment projects (Wolf, 2006).

As noted by Wolf (2006), the overhaul in 1996 witnessed the Welfare caseloads decline significantly by 58%. This proves that it has continued to provide services to the needy effectively. It prodded the majority of its members to work. As a result, the rate of dependence declined drastically. It made sure the members worked while it helped them with child care, job training and transportation to and from workplaces. This program encompasses other social programs such as Social Housing Services, Food Stamp Program, WIC and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families.


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