Table of Contents
Canada is a capitalist country with most enterprises and businesses owned by individuals. However, several corporations, such as Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) and Petrocanada, are nationalized and are controlled by the state. The wealth distance between the rich and the poor is increasing slowly but significantly, prompting for a solution to mitigate the trend and then stop it. One of the ways to ensure that this happens is through the introduction of Marxism in the country, which advocates for equal chances for all, as well as a social outlook for every citizen in the country. The only way that Marxism can be introduced effectively would be through the introduction of a Marxist party, which would have representations in both social and political fronts. This is because, unlike communism, where working in common is the main idea, Marxism advocates for ownership of resources and governance is equally given to the people.
Benefits of Marxism
Creation of a Satisfied Labor Force
Marxism advocates for efficient and satisfying labor. It argues that labor is a key ingredient of production; thus, industries and businesses should reduce their wages and receive little profit on top of the worth of their goods and products. This would ensure that employees are well paid and the quality of their products is high. Some people should not accumulate wealth while others pile up misery and agony.
Marxism ensures that everyone in the society gets social satisfaction. One of the main guiding principles is the fact that a problem of one of the members of the society is a problem for the whole society. Therefore, it advocates for a governance that is pleasant to all the people. This creates a democratic society where everyone feels that they are worth their position and that they are appreciated by the rest of the society.
Weaknesses of Capitalism and Marxist Remedy
Inequality is among the biggest weaknesses of capitalism. While some people earn a lot of money, others, who in most cases work for the former, remain poor and have little to feed their families and themselves. Capitalism appreciates large capital ownership. Policies are drafted to accommodate the activities of the few capitalists and this leads to the disregard of the low earners. As a result, corruption becomes rampant and the gap between earnings of the rich and the poor increases, leading to large inequalities. When this happens, the poor are the victims and are the ones who sustain the riches and their wealth. They work in factories, earn little, and then spend it buying the goods they were involved in producing. At the end of it, they just survive as peasants, while the business owners remain wealthy and powerful. This is typical of Canada, where the gap between the rich and the poor is slowly increasing.
A Marxist party would be concerned with ensuring that there is low corruption, since capitalism considers the people with most achievements as those with better wits to achieve more. A Marxist party would ensure that laborers, for instance, are rewarded handsomely because they are the main people involved in production. Their importance would be made significant and issues of corruption in the government would be diminished.
Lack of Democracy
While the people are convinced that their votes are equal during elections, the campaigns are usually funded by the wealthy capitalists. The poor are often left out in the decision making process, leaving the rich in control of policies, hence the poor facing no democracy in their operations. Policies affecting the poor are neglected, and when the poor rise to power, they follow the same trend of enriching themselves and forgetting the rest of the poor people. This is contrary to Marxism, where the right to vote for anyone is equal and policy making is inclusive. The Canadian government follows capitalism and landowners and business owners are often allowed more considerations in the policy making process.
Marxism ensures that every citizen within the country is equally significant. The view and woes of a part of the society should be an issue that should be solved by the whole society. In this case, the Canadian population would require such an approach to ensure that each voter gets fair representation in policymaking as well as resource allocation. No advantage would be given to some individuals at the expense of the other section of the society. A Marxist party would ensure that they keep the administration on check to ensure fairness.
Since the poor are not involved in the policy making process, industries are not questioned on where and how they should dispose their waste. This waste is often disposed in rivers and land occupied by the poor, leaving them as the victims of poor disposal of waste material. This is a major issue in most industrialized countries. This is a major concern to the Canadian population, since it has been rampant to all natural surfaces including air, water, and soil. Air pollution is attributed to construction, energy production processes, and agricultural processes, among others. Water pollution is rampant as a result of acid rain, as great lakes get polluted as well. Further, the sewerage system is inefficient and leads to most of the water pollution. Soil pollution is caused by salting of ice during winter, as well as oil refinery processes, oil leaks, and oil spills. Most of these pollution activities are caused by privately owned industries, but their effects are felt by the rural poor, who rely on public facilities and do not have the ability to mitigate the effects of pollution. They have nowhere to hide from the pollutants and are often faced with the risk of diseases.
This is a menace that cannot be solved under the current form of governance. Capitalists would ensure that they reduce costs, regardless of other implications. A Marxist party would lobby for safe disposal of waste and reduction of pollution. It would look to regulate the way industries adhere to the pollution laws. Further, it would be the voice for the poor, who are often the victims of pollution.
Pollution in capitalist nations leads to the exposure of the poor population to toxic substances, which is a huge risk to their health. Business owners control legislation and they ensure that they reduce their costs through disposal procedures. Bodies set out to regulate pollution are often recommended by the wealthy class in order to gain their control, which leads to poor implementation of the laws. As a result, pollution remains a menace and becomes uncontrollable. Employees in the industries are also faced with risks because their health policies are weak and inconsiderate. They do not provide protection and adequate compensation measures to the employees, leaving them at risk of frequent injuries and little or no compensation to families of employees who die during the execution of their duties. This is present in Canada and Marxism could be the only way to reduce such incidents. Employees would be entitled to good working conditions and adequate facilities at work. This would give them morale to work harder because their reward is higher, thus improving the living standards of the whole society at no expense of any social group.
The process of electing leaders is often controlled by a small group of capitalists. They impose their choice on public leaders through funding the campaigns of the latter. Once these leaders ascend to power, they are controlled by the small group and this could grow into a dictatorial situation. In workplaces, the business owners are in control of everything and the employees who are involved in the actual production get peanuts. The owners award themselves with bonuses and their decisions are in most cases unquestionable. Canadian industries are raced with this menace, where employees are always dissatisfied. A Marxist party would be used to ensure that there is fair allocation of positions and an equally competent body that regulates the performance of the system. It would check the management of factories and the main government, which would eventually reflect the will of the people.
Capitalism in Canada has led to the large gap between the rich and the poor. From the assessment above, the only way method that can be used to reduce the gap is through the adoption of Marxism. Since most of the procedures are controlled through political decisions, a Marxist party in Canada could be a commendable way to attain the balance in wealth. The party would be involved in ensuring that policies are developed impartially and the process of implementing them would be considerate. Employees who fail to adhere to the health and risk policies would be heavily fined and punished. The Marxist party would lead from the front in ensuring that there is equitable resource allocation and wage structure construction, especially in industries.