This article aims at surveying the position of democracy and the Internet in Asia. Data is presented from nine countries from Asia, encompassing Malaysia, China, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, among others. The article identifies the fundamental variables that directly affect the capability of novel political members to efficiently conduct mobilization using the Internet. It has exhibited the manner in which the certainty of Asia politics considerably transforms the researchers’ findings on the political effects of the Internet in the recognized democratic states of Western Europe and of North America.
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The author says that the effect of the Internet on the democratization in Asia is limited by three fundamental issues which include Internet access, regulation of political content, as well as political culture.
It is true that the philosophical, historical, and religious settings that have shaped the country’s political culture influence the effect of the Internet on such particular nation. For instance, religious traditions have swayed various Asian countries differently, resulting in a diverse understanding of the government responsibility, nature of governance, as well as the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Political culture has been defined as the representational milieu of political practice. This encompasses traditions, expectations, assumptions and mechanisms of a nation’s political practice.
According to the author, it is possible to govern the Internet by law, social norms, the market place and code.
It is true to say that poor infrastructure challenges the use of internet in a number of Asian nations. This is because the use of internet requires infrastructural elements and particular training and skills. Most Asian countries are computer illiterate and they lack electricity thus hindering the quick diffusion of internet use.
The purpose of this article is to discuss the policies related to consumer to the medium embraced by Northeast Asia governments. Besides, it points out the important factors for the penetration of the transnational satellite television.
The author has stated several policy types used by the Asian nations towards transnational satellite television. To begin with, they upgraded the quality of their programs. Secondly they provided sub-national ethnic programming.
Obviously, all nations have stern control on investing in the media industry. Countries in the East Asia perceive that their national culture is at risk and as such have introduced policies for control. These include allowing liberal access and active inhibition of novel medium. There has also been deregulation of industries dealing with terrestrial-domestic television.
Regulation policies towards transnational satellite television have been unsuccessful due to a number of reasons. These include technological advances including direct-broadcast satellites, and the amplified television broadcast streaming on the Internet. This has limited government control of transnational satellite television.