Ergonomics is the science of work, and a person’s relationship to that work. It understands interactions among humans and the various systems that are present. Ergonomics purpose is to be able to make things look comfortable. It is also concerned with making work a lot better, hence the comfort. Ergonomics can be of essence not only in the provision of products but also in the designing of some services and processes. It usually applies theory principles, some data and methods to design and evaluate some of the tasks. It can mean making the workplace fit for the worker. Ergonomics can draw ideas from several fields for example, engineering, medical health, and the sciences in order to maximise the work environment (Cascio, 2003). Ergonomics include the interventions, which are generally aimed at improving the working conditions, the services and the products at both the individual and at the organisational level
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Discomfort and even numbness at times can be signs that not everything is well and we need to take action on our bodies. That is why it is of importance that once an individual feels this way, he/she should seek help from the necessary personnel (CCOHS, 1988). Regardless of where we work, we should treat our body’swell. To do this, we should consider some general factors on how to manage ourselves. One way of doing this is to ensure that we always plan and make sure we have tools for the right job, every time, we should seek help if needed. When in work place, we should always plan our work, having in mind some of the predisposing risk factors. When something goes wrong, we should never keep it to ourselves, this will make sure we are assisted where possible.
After carrying out an ergonomic assessment, a recommendation for the formation of an ergonomic committee should follow. An ergonomic committee is basically a group of people who are in the workplace but deal with ergonomic concern. The committee members usually have training in ergonomics, and this will enable them to solve and address ergonomic problems internally. Before the formation of an ergonomic committee, several factors should be considered. For instance, people should ask themselves some of the questions, for example, are there a point some workers complained about musculoskeletal injuries? Are workers usually absent from the work place as a result of discomfort? Are any workers wearing wrist or elbow splits? If the answers to the question are yes, then the work place needs to have an ergonomics committee.
The committee will devote to help solve work related musculoskeletal disorders. In many occasions, the joint health and security committee in the workplace recommend the formation of the ergonomic committee. The committee should be negotiated to a collective agreement. If the organisation hesitates to form the committee, the workers should select the committee members from within themselves. The committee should include different levels of authority, the first being the manager. The manager makes decision in the committee, and he has all the authority in a committee. The workers would be concerned with provision of job expertise and also the worker limitations, the maintenance of staff will ensure that the changes can, and will be made. The engineers will be involved in designing and also retrofitting of new equipment; they will have an analysis of the tools and processes and know the limitations of each tool.
Job rotation is a workload management tool; the employee or a group of employees move in between two or even more tasks. They usually do this in a sequence. Many organisations have job rotations. Ergonomic job rotation is essential because it limits the cumulative exposure to some of the physical or even the cumulative mental stress. Job rotation can be an essential measure in the reduction of musculoskeletal disorders. This can only happens if the job rotation is well and consistently managed (Cascio, 2003). Some of the key objectives in job rotation may include limitation of exposure of the body parts to some frequency. There is the alternation of tasks during the job rotation; this is between the higher and lower exposure of the body parts of concern. The rotation sequence should be kept simple, this will give the employees a chance to understand the rotation process. The organisation should have a large pool of workers, which will enhance the implementation and the effectiveness of the training that would be carried out to train the workers and make sure they qualify to perform the various tasks. Employees should be made aware of the purpose of job rotation and the benefit it brings to them. Hence, maintaining a good rapport with the employees would be of essence.
In creation of a job rotation process, goals should be clearly set. This will enable the communication of plans and seek employee input throughout the process. Hence, the organisation should create an ergonomics awareness training to the employees (AMI, 1990). The next process would be to identify a process, workstation or even the cell that one wants the job rotation to occur.
Documentation and record keeping
Record keeping can be described as the systematic procedure of keeping records of an organisation by creating, capturing and maintaining them. The purpose of record keeping, which is general, can be said for the purpose of preservation. The reason for their preservation is at most times for evidential reasons; they can also be updated at ease if they are kept well. It’s easier to also monitor their success if kept in a nice way.
An injury or illness must be considered to meet the general recording criteria. A case that may exhibit some cases for example death, days away fromwork, transfer to another job, if people lose consciousness then all these cases can be recorded. Even if a case does not show some of this characteristics, but is considered as meeting some of the general record keeping, then it can be recorded.
Documentation in ergonomics is for program evaluation, compliance assurance and also for the purpose of program management. Minimal documentation should be created; this will be to evaluate goals, for the sole purpose ofcompliance assurance and also for program management. Usually in documentation,the ergonomic change team will track the numbers of the projects, which are open as well as their phase. It is of essence to make every ergonomic change; this should be accompanied by a brief report, which should summarise the purpose and the essence of the ergonomic change. For the purpose of co-operate retrieval, an electronic database should be made. It will be necessary to post minutes from ergonomic change team meetings.
The reactive ergonomic change process usually involves the major steps of identification and the assessment of some risk factors (Chaffin, 1984). This will include building the evaluation and adoption of solutions to improve jobs and also processes. It should be noted that health and safety process is what is required for the ergonomic change team to succeed in the implementation of the ergonomic change process.
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