According to Venturi, Brown and Izenour(71), postmodernism refers to as a way of approaching traditional ideas and practices in non-traditional ways that vary from pre-established basic modes. Postmodern art tends to reject the idea of modernism. However, in the real sense it depicts modernism continuity in structural designs. It is a set of critical art that reacts against the early modernists’ principles by reintroducing traditional and classical elements of style and simply carrying modernists’ practices to the extremes. However, critics of postmodernism have argued that it relates to a great level of capitalism, global economy and new models of flexibility in architectural works.
The 21st century overviews the choice of architecture postmodern according to the taste of the educated professional classes, the corporate beauty of successful multinational companies and general outlook of the architectural establishment from the earlier years. Analysis of the 21st century architectural stunning success clearly involves postmodernism as a subject to change indicating the biased perception of the world emphasized on language, power associations and enthusiasm creating ideas and beliefs. Postmodern architecture is one of the first artistic actions that openly defy modernism as outdated and autocratic favoring personal inclinations and variety over goals, facts and principles. Modernism in contrast to postmodernism is an atmosphere of cynicism and disapproval that emphasizes on alteration against the unity that differentiates postmodern architecture.
Architectural postmodernism in the 21st century implicates vagueness and sensitivity of building framework. This leaves room for implementation structural changes that designers think are crucial. This versatility in designs is concisely characterized by physical appearances as well as conceptual features, which bring out some certain theme or meaning. Building of these structures likened to sculpturing forms as it merits much eagerness in the sculptor as he or she tries to form a magnificent creation. Constructors built and shaped buildings for their own sake without reduction to an entire least so that building units all fit together in a gradual way to bring out enhanced impacts of the forms.
The building process aesthetically uses ornaments for their own purpose and existence. The use of visual language, imagery and symbols by designers aims at making it easy for people to understand architectural designs and its rich theoretical spheres. Postmodern sensitivity does not cajole human urge to build. It is clear that this desire transcends all forms of human criticism to these building styles. It uses colors and designs to a great extent to prevent overwhelming occurrences. Painting of buildings creates false conception of space or depths, where unknown exists to aim a distinctive form of symbolism. There is the use of irony and double coding to convey different meanings concurrently. The use of humor and playful exaggerated forms convey specific meanings of the building.
Venturi, Brown and Izenour (107) describe postmodern architecture as a field, where allusions and decorations have returned to the façade to substitute the aggressive unornamented contemporary styles. The postmodern architecture combines non-orthogonal perspectives and rare surfaces. Postmodernism is a field that seeks significance and expressions in the use of construction methods, forms and technical orientations. The teaching methods in postmodern architecture considered as a uniform traditional focus aiming the fundamentals of traditional fine art with great attention to craftsmanship, use of figures, grids, color theory and the use of perception with a modern trend that typically is figurative.
The De Young Museum in the Bay Area of San Francisco is an example of architectural masterpiece that portrays post modernity in the 21st century. The building was badly ruined in an earthquake in 1906. As a result, the work to reestablish its wreck with renaissance architecture which was characterized by symmetrical facades, progressive columns and windows and roofs fitted with flat and coffered ceilings began in 1929. Although, the building was initially decorated with cast solid ornaments, these designers detached them from the building as they began to tumble and had become dangerous. It has been an important part of the cultural textile of the city and is an appreciated destination to the residents and visitors globally. The De Young Museum revived in a state of post modernity that assimilates art and architecture.
The Legion of Honor exhibits a remarkable collection of 4000 years of prehistoric works and art. Its collection comprises of European decorative arts and portraits as well as ancient art that portrays a great deal of post modernity. The Rodin’s Thinker at the Legion of Honor outdoor court is an original that brings out the earliest forms of sculpture. The sculpture garden has sculptures of different modern artists emphasizing on the modern, but yet traditional trends were practiced in post modernity architecture. The Kimball Education Gallery provides an opportunity for young artists to learn and make art. The Arthur Tress art indicates historical moments. The architects designed it in a way that conveyed a message about politics, civil right demonstrations among other historical events. This brings out the symbolic characteristic of postmodern architecture. Drawings and vibrant collections exhibit mixes of vintage colors and works by different artist to give the building its unique way of showcasing American art since the 17th century.
The museums architects implied a sense of fascination to the viewer and still managed to bring out the energy and ambitions of the building’s age. The architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron wove together three parallel bands of colonnades that are two floors high and then overextended a firm band of veined copper around them as tight as possible. The building brings out its relationship with the nature in a more explicit and attractive way just like it designers wanted it to. The museum was generally built uniquely. It is an icon in which its designers enshrined their hard work on vision of elegance, reserved and artistically cautious ideas. The colossal roof with its straight shape artistically merged the interior of the building and at the same time broadcast it firmly into the stretches of the Golden Gate as the architects wanted it. The pool of enchantment consists of 69 antique sarsen and new turtle sunning pillars. Pathways through the museum are natural additions of the park lanes resulting in a state of an art that combines historic fundamentals and modern-day characteristics of the present day society.
The landscape design delivers an organic relation between the building and its surroundings. Andy Goldsworthy came up with his fault line sculpture for the museum courtyard. This sculpture was in a portrayal stone. This appealed visitors. The museum has various exhibition spaces ranging from permanent and temporary assortment galleries to education and traditional facilities. Due to its postmodern form of architecture, it is able to show case remarkable collections of American art as well as the Pacific and Africa. The constructors built this museum from warm and ordinary but yet traditional materials to keep its ancient look and at the same time portray the artistic works of postmodern architecture. It is clearly a modern-day artistic work that indicates an array of incredible masterpiece and a platform of evolving architecture.
Postmodern architecture in the modern era has clearly been defined by its unique styles, schools and movements featured in books and articles along with several annual shows all to endorse and appreciate the inventive works in it. In order to help people understand postmodern architecture, they need to reasoned back through the account of styles and imagery to the acknowledge it as a new kind of building that retorts directly to speed, flexibility and in general changing standards of living. It began as an American flair whose first examples resonates in books, magazines, articles and other media of communication on some of its well established designs constructed decades ago. Therefore, it prudent to end this essay by stating that postmodern architecture gradually transformed into a diverse and visual style that aimed to meet the human need for luxury of body and the eye (Dempsey 216).