Contemporary film analysis techniques have been in existence ever the interest of film analysis transgressed from the theatre to visual recording scene. Film analysis entails the critical assessment of the presented film variables in order to bring out the thematic concerns, which the film aims to sensitize the view (Bellour and Penley, 2000). There are various critical elements which come into play during the formulation of a film theme. Some of them include elements of composition, content writing, sequential scenes arrangement, and detailed graphical display. Film analysis is an art which entails filtering certain film concepts using provided scene features of the film such as sound, composition dynamics, theme, script development, repetition, lighting elements, and language.
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There are several elements that need to be considered whenever one is trying to establish a meaning of a particular film. One of the key important areas to consider is the manner in which camera shots are being run as the film gradually progresses. Ordinarily, several forms of dynamic and static shots are used when focusing details of a particular scene. The type of view chosen normally aims at putting emphasis on particular components of the film scene. This will depend on whether the object being focused on is static or in motion (Bellour and Penley, 2000). Examples of views include: pan, pulling shot, zoom shot, dolly shot, crane shot. The most critical element here is the zoom element since when the camero zooms them the aim is to focus the viewers on a specific detail, which should give clue to other parts by bridging some of the missing links in the story. Consider the following caption:
Here the artist zooms in the camera to focus on the pendant on the woman;s necklace. The aim could be to bring out an element of beauty, class, and style, which is important when forming an actor’s character. This then enables the viewer to identify some element of the character, which would be difficult if no focus was given to detail.
Understanding the artist’s language is another critical method to use when doing a film analysis. The language component is one of the key methods used by majority of artists in ensuring that the film they are writing about portrays a particular meaning. Several element exist in the language component , hence they need to be critically considered when performing a literary analysis. The approach used is almost similar to the one used in the analysis of other literary components (Gocski, 2004). For instance, the manner in which the language is ordinarily displayed in theatre format is similar to the film format.
The fact that language is taken as an abstract component of the film serves to bring out many aspects especially the mood if the story or he particular scene. For instance, consider a scene in which the main wants to bring out sarcasm, the narrator can achieve this by introducing the element in his pre-script analysis. The analysis of the language component is essentially contained in the pre-script, on-script, and post –script stages of the film in that the artist first plots the scene in the script before proceeding to the actual shooting scene (Gocski, 2004).
Sound used is also critical in analysis of a particular film genre. The effect of sound is essential serves to create a different setting for a movie scene. There are various forms of sounds common in film, these include diegetic sound, nondiegetic sound, and overlapping sound. The application of any of these sounds serves to create a particular element for that particular scene (Bellour and Penley, 2000). Overlapping sound for instance in introducing a different scene by signifying the transition of the scene setting from the current to the next indicating some form of progression in the plot of the film. This becomes critical during analysis since one is able to interpret the plot development without much effort. Diegetic sound is essentially a form of sound coming from a non identified source hence it can be used to introduce a different element into the scene.
Consider a scene in which during an ongoing conversation it so happens that the a sound from an unknown source, for instance, a radio or television set in the scene and announces the occurrence of a hurricane or a deadly calamity. This film artist or narrator could strategically this format to introduce an element of suspense into the plot of the story and in the process living the viewers wondering what happened to a particular subject in the film. This is an element, which has critically been applied in most of the contemporary art of film technology (Jann, 2003).
Composition, narration and focal analysis is an area where analysis of a film needs to begin from regardless of the genre in consideration. A film ordinarily consists a discreet combination of various heterogeneous sources of information, which are essentially flowing from focal channels, sources and direction (Bellour and Penley, 2000). The first step is to establish the relevance and validity of the information being given with regard to the context in the film. The approach should entail focusing on the film variables like a normal composition. This provides the person performing the analysis with the relevant expectation of what is entailed to happen in course of developing the plot for the film. This entails the consideration of a film just like a normal story telling event found in the theatre avenues. The element of composition of the film can be figuratively represented using the following:
This shows the levels at which the film composition, character, and narrator integrate their functions in developing the plot of the film. hence, during analysis one should be in a position to critically consider the following elements into their formal approach. The model only serves to show the critical integration levels found in the filmsetting.
The use of certain elements in the scene can be used to establish the structure and form of the film being watched. Repetition is a one of those elements, which one may not easily notice from a normal film environment. if there are instances where certain parts of the story line appear repeated or scene shots then the artists aims at portraying a certain culture or thematic concern. The viewer is therefore in a position to quickly associate the film with certain elements in society (Jann, 2003).
Consider a scene in which the characters are kissing each other for long periods. The artist may choose to do this with several other characters in the film. In the end the narrator succeeds in creating a romance element in the film, hence this will be the running theme. Alternatively, several fighting scenes create give the film a different interpretation hence the viewers will tend to associate the film with the theme of war and disturbance. This is very critical in any film composition and needs to be taken as a beginner point.
The use of different shades of light and color can also be used to bring out a different element in the film. The film artist may consider using different forms and shades of lighting for the different scenes in the film. Depending on the mixture of light and color used in the film the viewer eventually gets a different interpretation with regard to the theme and genre. This is essentially achieved through the variation of contrast of a scene according to the particular scene (Jann, 2003). Consider the use of dark color shades and dark lighting in most of the scene combined with a sound element. The viewer eventually develops an abstract mentality on the film. At a glance one would form the image of a horrific happening, unnatural scenario, and devilish association. The narrator has hence succeeded in his goal, which he would have not done so if he used contrary approaches.
Film analysis is a developmental art and forms a core role in the development of contemporary film productions. Narrators and film artists have a major role of ensuring that the nature of a film depends upon the utilization of critical elements in the film, some of which include sound, composition dynamics, lighting, repetition, and camera views in emphasizing plot development. The art of film analysis therefore implores the use of these aspects in critically looking a potions of the presented film in order to reach out to the artist’s mind. This demands isolation of parts of the film and establishing the manner in which integration has been perfected.
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