An interest group is comprised of members who share the same ideologies in reference to certain sociological aspects. Through lobbying, interest group effectively air out their concerns and policies regarding a social issue. The 1950s and 1960s characteristically witnessed the rise of the civil rights movements throughout the North and South America. Apart from the mainstream African-American civil rights movement (NAACP), other interest groups include the National Organization for Women (NOW), The National Lesbian and Gay Task Force, and The Mexican- American Legal Defense and Education Fund (MALDEF) that selflessly participated in creating the egalitarian society in America. The general concerns of the interest groups involved in the civil rights movements included flexible immigration policy, gender equality, political issues, and affirmative action. The colored movement profoundly stands out from the rest of the other interest groups in achieving its goals. Subsequent to the famous Brown versus the Board of Education case, the government enacted the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and other acts such as the Voting Rights Acts of 1965 that favored equal and active black participation in political matters.
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In addition to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, the antiwar campaigns remain the most discordant force in America during the twentieth century. The antiwar campaigns comprised of various interest groups that often challenged each other in political arenas but only combined forces in opposing the Vietnam War. The years ranging from 1965 to 1968 witnessed the rise of the antiwar campaigns throughout America attracting members of labor unions, college campuses, government departments, and the middle-class communities. Encircling political, racial, and economic issues, the antiwar campaigns provided a deep insight in the rooted schism within the American society in the 1960s. Despite its rise to prominence, the antiwar movement struggled with leadership wrangles within various interest groups. The young and hippie shabbily student leaders replaced the well-mannered and charismatic pioneers of the movement. The older generation shunned upon the new face of leadership with their uncouth mannerisms, and this became a struggle between the young and old, which significantly contributed,to the failure of the antiwar campaigns.
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