Industrialization had several effects on the United States of America. In the decades that followed the Civil War, industrialization improved the American life since the amount of factories and jobs increased to a large extent. There was elevation in the rates of education and steel production. The number of railroads grew, and transportation was facilitated. In addition, production of low price goods was established. All these factors and led to the elevation of the economy in the United States of America.
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The United States was wealthy in natural resources, which played a significant role in the rise of industrialization. The country had a profuse supply of water that assisted in the production of power that boosted industrial machines. Forests provided trees for the construction of wooden products (Reps 414). Availability of minerals such as coal and iron fueled industrialization. Famous at the time businessmen such as Andrew Carnegie were able to manufacture steal from these minerals, which played a vital role in the process of industrialization. Other resources include minerals such as copper, cotton, silver and petroleum. Petroleum which is a source of gasoline was a very significant factor that led to the success of automobile industry.
The United States of America experienced massive population growth during the period between 1807 and 1916. Additionally, approximately more that 25 million immigrants moved into the state.. Thus, the population of the United States increased by about 100 percent during the same period from 40 million to 100 million people (Stearns et al. 480). Such a situation led to an extensive supply of labor. Additional workers were able to meet the risen demand for labor during this era of industrialization. Hundreds and thousands of workers were hired and assigned specific tasks. Besides, a system of organized laborers emerged, which led to specialization and division of labor that resulted in increased speed of production.
There was a great advancement in technology, and the use of machinery became wide spread in the manufacturing industry. Such advancement elevated the quality, land speed, and quantity of workers’ productivity. The processes of invention and innovation also increased. Such products as type writers, telephones, electric light and gasoline had a quick impact on the promotion of industrialization.
Technological advancement boosted the development of transport and communication. In the late 1800, the United States railroad system emerged to become a nationwide transportation network, which managed to connect the country from coast to coast. The railroads replaced the mail delivery system. This was accompanied by the development of the telegraph that boosted the speed of communication. Technological development enabled the establishment of banking system, which triggered a boom in business and investment and provided companies with capital required to expand operations.
However, the process of industrialization in England was much ahead compared to America. Therefore, adoption of some of industrialization mechanisms from England helped boost this process in the US. For instance, Sam Slater one of the prominent workers of the British textile mill factory moved to the United States bringing the technologies from the mill (Boyer 382). Thus, the manufacturing processes in the textile factories in America were improving step by step.
In conclusion, it can be mentioned that proper supply of natural resources that facilitated establishment of industries was one of the main advantages of the United States in the industrialization process. Other factors such as innovation improved the methods of production and led to the emergence of new products. Availability of a large population provided constant supply of labor, while other things such as advancement in technology and availability of favorable conditions of agriculture (good soil) were among other major factors that boosted industrialization in the US.
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