Institutional sexism is the prejudice against one of the genders, mostly women by the means of the set rules and stereotypes. For example, a certain job can be done only by men, which is sexual discrimination. There are certain differences between institutional and individual sexism. Unlike in institutional racism, in individual racism no rules are applied. Institutional sexism has physical and mental effects on women that face it. In such case, women are more prone to negative emotions such as depression, anger and anxiety.
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Some women can be the objects of sexual remarks made by their employers as well as their colleagues, and in some institutions there is nothing they can do about it as institutional sexism is viewed as a non-issue in the workplace. Some of the institutional sexism is systematic and it goes unnoticed. The example of it is the lack of affordable care for a child, which, in turn, makes women to miss on the opportunity to get decent education as well as make a good career. Women in the workplace are put between two extremes, whether to choose family life or a career (Kauffman, 1989).
Statistics show that women earn less as compared to their male counterparts, and women have fewer chances of receiving financial support to upgrade their education.
Institutional racism, on the other hand, is the kind of inequality which can be embedded in an organization’s policies, its culture and operations. In such a situation, a particular organization refuses to offer professional services to someone because of their color, ethnic origin or culture. Institutional racism dates back to the 1960s in the United States of America where institutional racism was the result of the societal system that was sustained by slavery and segregation. The laws of that time approved such a caste system, and the results of it are present in organizations nowadays as well. The most puzzling thing about this kind of racism is that it is rarely seen as opposed to the individual racism, but the effects on the affected parties are the same.
For example, in a situation where two people, one of whom is white and the other is African American, are interviewed for a job, the position will be given to the white. The interviewer may justify his/her choice stating that the African American does not have the required skills and qualities for the job. Most of these choices are done unconsciously, but sometimes they are done on purpose (Blair, 2008).
Racial profiling is one vice that black and brown persons are faced with. It is believed that most black and brown people are dangerous. Racial profiling by the FBI and the local police has been rampant whereby these entities are given a de facto right to shoot and kill any unarmed black or brown person that is suspected of a crime.
The United States of America is a country with various ethnic races, the American dream is still prevalent, but there is an invisible barrier which is the institutional racism. Individuals are victimized either in schools, churches or at work. Unfortunately, discrimination still exists nowadays and it has to be dealt with. Institutional sexism is also apparent either in schools or at work. Women soldiers cannot be assigned specific tasks, because they are better done by their male counterparts. Institutional sexism exists in the workplaces and it is high time to implement appropriate measures to eliminate gender discrimination.
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