Contemporary situation in the United States of America displays the possibility of the co-existence of the diverse ethnic groups within one country. This state also provides the wide experience of the numerous immigration generations. Among them, the Hispanic Americans or simply Hispanics or Latinos constitute the powerful part of the whole population in the USA. This paper responds to Martin Marger’s perspective (Marger 2008) for this ethnic group.
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Regarding the key values of the author’s article, the immigration process and the relationship between the white Americans and mestizos Hispanics played the significant role in the entire history of the state. Both ethnic groups evolved during the period of the formation of the United States. The interrelations between them galvanized the rapid movements across the continent. In sum, they caused the definite disposition of these ethnic groups in the cities and on the suburbs of the country.
The immigration process flowed accordingly to the historical backgrounds, the necessity of the improvement of the socioeconomic situation and political realization. For the separate groups of Hispanics, regardless of their place of origin, the reasons were quite distinct. The Mexicans sought the better place because of the miserable conditions after the Mexican-American War. The Cubans ran away from the severe communist’s regime of Fidel Castro. The Puerto Ricans escaped due to the surplus population and unemployment. Thus, the whole communities incorporated in order to settle the appropriate location.
The ethnic relations between the newcomers and the residents who were predominantly white varied in the different ways. The residential stratification illustrates the social differentiation in the best way. The racial implement, prosperity and the previous social status determined the extent of the hostility of the inhabitants or on the contrary the favor of the local authority as in case with the Cubans. Therefore, different features defined the interrelations between the representatives of various ethnic groups.
As for the perspectives of the dispersed Latinos, the decision of the strict segregation within the United States’ territory deserves the special attention. Nevertheless the racial prejudices and discrimination still exist, the sequent generations suffer less than those who came in the middle of the nineteenth century. Youth that are more tolerant perceive the Hispanics with the slight difference from themselves. This phenomenon becomes apparent all over the world. The wide range of the various conferences, forums and other similar to them events serve as the obvious evidence of it. Thus, the author indicates the proper trend for the future of the Latinos.
Martin Marger’s article influences the perception of the historical essence of the immigration and the relations that became the result of it. Both the historical backgrounds as the wars and the socioeconomic reasons as the unemployment and political persecution were substantial in most cases. The migrations induced the ethnic pride and consciousness among those who left their homes and sought the economic betterments and the political asylum. In sum, the article affirms the necessity of Hispanics’ movements across the American continent.
Overall, the differences between the whites and the Latinos were the reasonable subject of the discussion in the context of the migrations within the United States of America. The living values of the mestizos pushed and pulled them into the well-organized civilization of the whites. Nonetheless, the sense of ethnic pride and consciousness retained them separately from the hostile whites who refused to incorporate them on an equal footing. Therefore, the discrimination still exists among the Americans but the attitude towards the Latinos become more tolerant than earlier.