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Free «Anxiety Screening Tool-Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder» Essay Sample

Psychological Screening tools and the rating scales are useful in measuring a juvenile’s mental health ability and the continuous progress that is normally established either at school or home. The screening tools and the ratings are not liable to producing a diagnosis but highlight the mental health disorder. The diagnoses must be carried out by trained clinician, who evaluates the results before pronouncing the outcome.

The table illustrates the preparation, designing and analyzing the generalized anxiety disorder during the screening process. The questionnaire below is useful in analyzing GAD disorder in the affected persons. It must be filled in person in order to bring out the true status of health of the victim.

Screening for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

 

Yes

No

Excessive worry, occurring more days than not, for at least six months

Inability of controlling worry

 

 

Experiencing Muscle tension

 

 

The inability to control the worry

 

 

Restlessness

 

 

Trouble falling or staying asleep

 

 

changes in sleeping and eating habits

 

 

Irrational worry on activities like work and school

 

 

Rate of depression (How often)

 

 

Concentration problems

 

 

Disinterested in life

 

 

Worthiness of life

 

 

What are effects of Drugs on your health (last one year)

Failure in carrying out duties

Arrested and convicted

Addiction rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

Design your screening tool by determining test criteria: symptoms, behaviors, and traits.

Screening plays a major role in the health sector among the population being served as it affects their daily activities and invades their privacy.

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

BPD is a disorder that affects the emotions and entire functioning of a person. It is identified by qualified personnel with proper knowledge on the disorder with more experience in the victim’s life. The disorder limits the ability of altering their emotional impulses as their fight rejection in the society. In the process, they engage themselves in multitude of dysfunctional rationalizations and cover-ups. BPD is associated with deep feelings, which are normally difficult while being expressed by the victim.

Symptom

BPD is a lifetime prototype of instability in the image, motions and interpersonal affairs. The victims have unstable sense of their initial belonging as their relationship is normally in a turmoil status. They also engage in impulsive deeds that in the long run hurts them either financially, emotionally or physically. Due to their emotional feeling, they engage in unwanted activities like unsafe sex, reckless driving, suicidal behaviours and some even indulge in drugs.

The BPD diagnosis takes an interview carried out by Diagnostic Interview for Borderline Patients (DIB-R) that last for about 60-90 minutes while being administered. The questionnaire should comprise about 130 questions and other observable signs of over 330 summary statements.  The diagnosis is classified into four parts, namely:

Affect- that include factors like: chronic depression, despair, triviality, guilt, anger, nervousness, loneliness and boredom.

Cognition- it comprises of factors like unusual perceptions, odd thinking, quasipsychosis and paranoia.

Impulse action patterns- these are common practices that the victims engage in on routine basis and may include substance abuse, sexual deviance and manipulative suicide related gestures. 

Interpersonal relationships- These mainly involves the personal feelings like intolerance, loneliness, devaluation and other stormy relationships in life.

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Face validity

Face validity deals with the measurements and all the procedural activities involved. Face validity gives an opportunity of analyzing the general measurements in the subject of study. There are many questions that are involved in the validity procedure while the study is in place. They may include:

v  How do we measure validity?

v  What does this mean?

v  What are the methods of assessing construct validity?

v  What is the relationship between reliability and validity?

v  Does it seem like a reasonable way to gain the information the researchers are attempting to obtain? What are the methods of estimating reliability during the process?

v  What are some of the factors affecting the reliability coefficient?

v  Does it seem well designed?

v  Does it seem as though it will work reliably?

v  What type of reliability and validity issues needs to be considered?

v  What measures are useful in measuring the self esteem?

v  If the concept of self esteem overlaps with the others, how could we possibly measure all of it?

v  If all of your questions are additional problems, how can you argue that your measure reflects self esteem and not adding ability?

v  Which rating scales should I use?

I administered the test to 12 people all together; 6 men and 6 women the results are below: For each question I wrote the number of people who answered yes to each question and no to each question

Group 1 Results-Male

 

Screening for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

 

Yes

No

Excessive worry, occurring more days than not, for at least six months

Inability of controlling worry

0

 

0

6

 

 

Experiencing Muscle tension

3

3

The inability to control the worry

0

6

Restlessness

1

5

Trouble falling or staying asleep

1

5

changes in sleeping and eating habits

0

6

Irrational worry on activities like work and school

0

6

Rate of depression (How often)

 

 

Concentration problems

2

4

Disinterested in life

0

6

Worthiness of life

0

6

What are effects of Drugs on your health (last one year)

Failure in carrying out duties

Arrested and convicted

Addiction rate

 

0

0

0

 

6

6

6

 

7.7%

78.8%

Group 1 Results-Female

 

Screening for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

 

Yes

No

Excessive worry, occurring more days than not, for at least six months

Inability of controlling worry

2

 

1

4

 

5

Experiencing Muscle tension

0

6

The inability to control the worry

2

4

Restlessness

3

6

Trouble falling or staying asleep

3

3

changes in sleeping and eating habits

2

4

Irrational worry on activities like work and school

0

6

Rate of depression (How often)

 

 

Concentration problems

1

5

Disinterested in life

0

6

Worthiness of life

0

6

What are effects of Drugs on your health (last one year)

Failure in carrying out duties

Arrested and convicted

Addiction rate

 

2

0

0

 

4

6

6

 

17%

78.8%

How to determine the distribution of scores to create a scale that identifies the tested trait, behaviour, or symptom.

Using GAD-7 scale, the GAD score can be determined by calculating the score average percentage in both groups to determine whether GAD symptoms are distributed in each particular group. In my case, 7.7% of men show traits that are related to anxiety disorder, while in women, 17% shows traits that are related to anxiety disorder.

 To obtain a further precise scale, individuals with anxiety behaviour characteristics can further be examined using a 0, 1, 2, 3, marks to represent the response categories of “not at all,” “several days,” most of the the days,” and “almost daily” respectively. By adding together the total scores for the above sixteen questions. For six persons in each group, and each scoring a maximum of 48 marks, (3×16)
Scores of 20, 30, and 40 can be taken as cut off points for mild, moderate, and severe anxiety respectively. When this is carried out as a screening tool, further evaluation and examination is necessary and recommended, when the score is 40 or more. Using 20 as the threshold score, GAD will have a sensitivity of 83% and a specificity of 41% for GAD. Screening other common anxiety disorders at this level is necessary. These include panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and a post-traumatic stress disorder.

   

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