Free «Compare Candide and Utopia» Essay Sample

The concealed utopian states identified El Dorado in the novel of Voltaire “Candide”. El Dorado is illustrated as a "paradise of happiness”, as he states that "[i]t is probably the country where all is well: for there absolutely must be such place"(p. 42). A utopian society is any fantasy political social organism in which relationships between individuals and the state are wholly recognizable.

El Dorado is utopian because there is no organized government or religion, the equality, and everyone lives in harmony. "We do not prey to Him. We have nothing to ask of Him; He has given us all we need, and we return Him thanks without ceasing" (pg.44). It has an sophisticated educational system, beautiful palaces, and poverty is non-existent because gold is looked at as "common pebbles.

" Candide payments Cacambo and they travel to Constantinople. Cacambo informs him that Cunegonde is now a slave and ugly. Both Candide and his companion Cacambo travel on a galley and Pangloss and Baron Thunder Ten Tronckh are among the galley slaves. Candide buys their freedom. They astonished the old man receiving process. Their conversation continued some time and turned predominantly on the structure of government, their etiquette, their women, their public entertainment, and the arts. At last, Candide, who had always had a flavor for metaphysics, requested whether the people of that country had any religion. Candide travels to several "remote nations" and is hardened by the many misfortunes which befall him (Havens, April 1932).

It is one concerns the degree to which Candide was advocating a pessimistic philosophy, by which Candide and his companions give up hope for a better world fro travelling. Voltaire in his novel Candide as advocating a melioristic philosophy and a precept committing the travellers to improving the world through metaphorical gardening (Leister 1985, p. 26).


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