Free «Rhetorical Analysis of Blanche in a Streetcar named Desire» Essay Sample

Rhetorical analysis can be best described as the scrutiny or the study of how speakers and writers use words to impact an audience. A rhetoric analysis is meant to break down non-fictions into the parts that are meant to either entertain or to let know an audience of a particular topic or issue. A rhetorical analysis can be similarly presented in a visual context in cartoon form or as an advertisement. Its main purpose is not to take any side of an argument but to tell or inform why the writer makes the argument.

Blanche DuBois, the main character, can be described as a wretched character since she is portrayed to be out of place with confusion, conflict, sexual addiction and far away from reality, living her own fantasies. As the play begins, we see that Blanche is already a woman that has crumbled down in that, her family estate and fortune is lost and she had lost her husband; he committed suicide earlier. She is also considered a sexual outcast due to her reckless sexual tendencies. On top of that, she also has a drinking problem keeps under wraps poorly. In an overview, she is an insecure, lost, aging southern woman who is total panic due to her aging panic (Rosemary 56).



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When discussing Dubois’s diversion from reality, it is quite clear that it is hard to trace between the times that she has completed been detached from reality and when she is simply just imagining better forthcoming days for her and when she is involved in fiction and involving herself around romantic fantasies. The habit commences as just as simple getaways that soon go from bad to worse and more dangerous level. We see that at the beginning, that Blanche explains her sister that she is just but taking a leave of work from her work as a school teacher which appears to be a lie which it is sooner proved to be exactly a lie. She does this in order to avoid shocking her sibling with the bombshell. It started just as a mere case of only keeping up appearances (Rosemary 57).

It is later that her fantasies start drifting off and go overboard and she even starts believing in them. It is that William uses allegory to equate meanings that are outside the text. William also uses symbols as imagery to let us know that what we are clearly thinking is exactly what is going on. The achievements of these effects are helped by voices echoing and the sound of polka music. The use of erotesis is evident where a question is asked to strongly imply something. An example is a question asked about the Mexican woman who was was selling flowers whether she is real or not. What made Blanche not be able to distinguish reality from her lies anymore was the fact that she lied to everyone, ended up in believing her own lies. An example is her instance with Mitch, when she lies concerning her age, and behaviour as much as Mitch did Through the tool of hypotaxis, the writer relates the current happening to the past which happens to be the death of all the relatives she had at Belle Reve which is also said to be part of her mental illness especially the part of being haunted by Allan’s death The writer shows use of pathos by using emotion to involve the audience emotionally. She tells Mitch that, she never lied in her heart (William 205).

Through the technique of induction, the writer introduces us gradually to some and the reasons that Blanche drifts out of reality and also uses the technique of analogy or rhetoric in explaining the reasons that make her drift off reality. Some of the reasons being the fact it is the easiest way she can find of all the madness in thoughts that struck her mind. She also has another way of escaping the torture thoughts, which include sexual lash out; ‘‘I don’t always tell the truth, but what it ought be’’ (Williams 47).

On another level, Blanche is portrayed as an elitist in that even though we are supposed to feel for her, it is hard not to pay attention to the fact that she neither has money nor future prospects and she is also living off Stanley as a guest rather than a small house; and the fact that she acts like she is a Queen of the Nile, as Stanley calls it. She also spends the longest time in the shower as others are waiting and the fact that she sends Stella for her cokes saying that she loves to be waited on. After sympathising with Blanche about her situation, the writer introduces the effect of logos in that she brings in persuasion of the fact that Blanche was wrong especially the way she treated people around her regardless of her situation.

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Use of comparison is clear in when Tennessee equates Blanche to Delilah pertaining to the fact that she is manipulative, just like Delilah was. This is so because Blanche manipulated Mitch by entertaining him sexually even though Mitch actually loved her. Blanche at this stage has become delusive of power by keeping Mitch entertained sexually for money and controlling him without minding his ego. The ‘s’ sound in the word Samson is deliberately meant to hint at Blanche for her pathetic fallacy of getting things her own way. The fallacious use by Blanche to get what she wants only helps her in the sense that she gets what she wants from Mitch but it does not help at all in other ways. As a matter of fact, it destroys her even more in the sense that her image destroys her in the sense that it gives her the image of a gold digger. It also shows how material she is in that she is willing to manipulate a man by sex to get what she wants which in this case is money (Rosemary 78).

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The use of ethos is evident in those noises made off-stage, contribute significantly to the ‘urban ethos’ that writer Williams tried hard to create, and it defiantly worked.

The ending is unkind and the irony behind it is tragic, as Williams presents it, since Blanche is taken to a mental institution since she can no longer keep up with reality and thus diverts to illusion instead. She also admits to not telling the truth by saying that she hardly told the truth and she said what she thought have to had been the truth. For the first time she comes clean by revealing that Stanley raped her but nobody believes her. Another instance of tragic irony that the writer displays is Blanche’s last sentence, was that she had always relayed on the compassion of strangers, but she considers kindness, desire and the attention that she gets from strangers is sex. The ending is suitable since it shows a bad ending to a person that explored people to such a degree (Rosemary 78).


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