Free «Hopewell and Mayan Cultures» Essay Sample

The Hopewell can be defined as a system of interaction among several different cultures residing in the Eastern Woodlands of North America which interaction process reached its peak from 200 BC to 400 AD. They lived and farmed along the rivers and major waterways of the area. On the other hand, the Mayan Empire was one grand empire in the World history and there is still no concrete proof for its collapse. It was spread through a vast geographical region in Latin America, from 2000 BC to 1500 AD.

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The Hopewell can be termed the first people who were fully agriculture based. Therefore, the main focus of the economy was agriculture, where hunting and gathering were just other supplements. Their burial mounds can be termed one major accomplishment, which could be used for either religious or military purposes. They used to carve animals on their utensils and pottery. This is a general reflection of their belief in harmony and dependence on the natural World. The Hopewell people also tried to create separate trade routes for their business purposes that included routes to the Rocky Mountains, the Gulf of Mexico and most specifically the Atlantic Ocean. That made these people very skilled and specialized tradesmen. Copper was frequently used as well as iron and silver.

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On the other hand, Mayan architecture had much natural features that gave these structures a lasting quality. They had made great strides in different subjects. The Mayan script was a combination of logograms and phonetic symbols. The Mayan built awe-inspiring temples, pyramids and cities and their society had a complex political and social order. Hence we can say that Mayan craft was really popular at that time, and their engineering system was something to be amazed off.

The Hopewell never mastered the craft of smelting ores and all the metals were obtained from native copper or iron rich meteors or silver nuggets. After 400AD, all the notable aspects of the culture started to fade away. But, the Mayan art and architecture were something that can amaze viewers even in the modern era. These were two different civilizations from two different eras and thus, there are several contrasting features among them.


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