Human behavior in the society is a culmination of a number of social patterns that have been developed through nature and nurture. Sociocultural dimensions depend on the degree of social constructs, which emanate from the desired beliefs, human values, and norms of the society. The degree of cultural differences within the social context from any varying groups depends on the interconnectedness of the people based on nature (biological aspects), nurture (the social environment), and psychological aspects of an individual. The ways in which people relate and interact depend on the development of the aforementioned aspects that mirror personality dimensions, such as an introvert or an extrovert. They also characterize personality, and determine whether one can develop social disorders like schizoid and histrionic. This creates a room for improvement if there can be a coordination of the personal, societal, and global issues. This essay explores the interconnectedness of personality aspects, cultural tolerance, and the social constructs towards the development of a harmony in the society.
The theory of Personality systems interactions, (PSI) is an attempt that tries to explain the individual patterns of cognitive, emotive, and behavioral traits developed through sharing a common cultural environment. According to Kuhl (2001), cross-cultural differences become evident when “independent cultures are characterized by separation both with regard to social interaction and in their perceiving their own needs and preferences as separate from those of analytical thinking” (cited in Kuhl & Keller, 2008, p.28). According to the PSI theory, one of the modes of explaining cross-cultural differences is observed through the discounting principle. The independent orientation and dichotomous relationship lead to the expectation that analytical mode of processing depends on patterns of socialization in any given independent culture. Globalization has widened the scope of interaction among people of different cultural values. This has been fast-tracked by online communication and the emergence of social media platform where people share and exchange ideas. This implies the level of socialization would be delocalized. Thus, the ability to reach out to others is highly increased.
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Shamai, Kimhi, & Enosh (2007) analyze the levels of social systems in response to the stress-related conditions like those created by war and terror. The three levels are stress levels of the significant others, society resilience, and marital responsibilities. Threats of terror make people live in target boundaries to develop personal stress; hence, the role of social systems becomes critical in curing this kind of stress (Bar-Tal, 2001). Many studies seem to agree that the social systems are special functions to reduce the stress for its three levels mentioned above, in relation to stress of terror (Shamai et al., 2007). These stress levels, especially that of significant others plays a mediatory role between the threat and importance of stress as “stressful situations, concerns and fear often tend to override positive aspects such as hope, causing stress and misery to individuals and groups” (p. 762). This could be one of the ways to achieve a psychosocial development in the society. The biological aspect sets in because the psychological development is cognitive, and, therefore, involves the development of the mind.
The general systems theory and social order are manifestations of the cross-cultural studies; more so, those aspects tend to dwell on personality disorders. The general system requires development of psychological assessment to define culture and subcultures. General systems were created in order to bring social harmony in the society. Although it may seem frightening due to the big task ahead “enormous amount of work that is required to develop these norms but even more due to the increasing fragmentation and the participation of the psychological measurement,” (Allik, 2005, p. 228). The level of traumas in the society is a reflection of the culminating events in the social environment (Read & Ross, 2003). If people develop biopsychosocial dimensions, the society in general will comprehend various cultures to develop cultural tolerance, which is a good sign of a harmonious social order. This does not only stop at national levels as globalization has also laid a platform for global interaction. This puts human interconnectedness to a new level in order to ensure cross-cultural diversity. Hence, the human development would form a critical foundation for the sake of a developed social front.
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