Ethics involves the manner in which all the individuals in an organization behave and relate with each other and clients in the process of achieving an organization’s goals and objectives. It is usually the responsibility of any organization’s management to enforce and emphasize good morals amongst its members and to avoid unethical conducts since the same may ruin success (Halbert & Ingulli, 2006). Ethics may be understood on individual or communal approaches. In the individual approach, individuals are usually responsible for their moral behavior. The manner in which they relate with others in the organization is usually driven by their conscience. The communal approach provides the entire organization’s accountability for the behavior of its members.
Any organization has to put much emphasis on the ethical issues if it wishes to attain its goals effectively (Driscoll & Hoffman, 2000). For instance, good ethics in an organization promotes a good rapport among the workforce and thereby endorses operating efficiency. In this case, employees are able to cooperate in their undertakings with positive attitudes towards the achievement of the organization’s targets. Ethical climates inspire members of the organization with the will to do what is right for them and the entire organization. Those operations that require teamwork in the organization are always achievable with good ethics among its members. Firms that have bad ethics in the way their workforce relate are seen to be less competitive compared to those which have good ethics. Therefore, ethical issues are of much concern to any organization. Management should ensure that everyone behaves tactfully with the sole aim of achieving the goals and objectives.
Individual influences impact the ethical behavior in the organization. These influences include the attitudes and beliefs of individuals within the organization. For instance, some individuals may feel that they are the most experienced and hence any ideas provided by other members in the organization do not hold. Other individuals such as the supervisors may behave in a manner that suggests they are more superior to their subordinate. Such individual influences always lead to bad ethics in the organization, since it becomes difficult to operate as a team in undertaking various operations. Some individuals are usually friendly and ready to offer assistance to any other member of the organization. They usually place team interests ahead of their personal interests. This promotes teamwork and an increase in the productivity of the organization (Johnson, 2005).
Organizations usually pay a lot of attention influencing ethical behavior in employees. Their influence may be on the grounds of workforce diversity and the technical application of the organization. Some organizations who have employees from various racial backgrounds may initiate bad ethics among the employees by favoring employees of one race than the others. For instance, organizations that have blacks and whites may tend to consider the whites as more efficient than the blacks. This may create unethical relationship among the workforce and, therefore, make it difficult for them to meet the set targets. On the other hand, an organization may adopt new technologies with that its employees are unfamiliar. This would be unethical deed to the employees since they might be sacked out of poor performance. Even if they are retained, the employees may begin to be less confident and consequently develop poor relationships with the management (Clark, 2003). In this situation, the ethical thing the organization could do is to train its employees on using the new technologies rather than introduce them as a surprise. Therefore, organizations should be keen not to inflict its employees with unethical behavior.