Qualitative study is one among all of the research methods that thrives in health care; especially in the nursing research. This is as a result of the urge of the Clinical Nurse Specialists to be aware of the importance about the findings obtained via qualitative research. In the process of this study to the first priority are given questions based on nursing practice. Qualitative study is referred as a research of inquiry, whereby the researcher act as data gathering device, which is used to answer, questions concerning how and why a certain issue emerges. The solutions provided should be based on the nature of the phenomenon, thus, proving to follow the ethical code in nursing.
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There are some concept and assumption kept into consideration in the use of qualitative study. The vital basic assumption used in qualitative research is that, reality is something socially constructed on one’s basis. There is existence of various methods of qualitative research, such as phenomenology, ethnography, qualitative description and grounded theory; which are the ones mostly used in the research of nursing. However, each and every method is entitled to its own objective and assumption. Hence in the selection of the effective method to use, one considers the questions in the research. The information used in the research is gathered by using of one or links of three techniques which includes an observation, picture or document review and interviews. The information is later analyzed inductively in a manner that it offers best answer for the questions in the research. The crucial objective of qualitative study is not the massiveness of data, but adding knowledge concerning the phenomena in the research of nursing (Denise, 2008).
An expert by the name Kearney has tried to explain the qualitative study by making use of a process based on categorization of qualitative findings in nursing. The mechanism makes an effort to show that the findings are based on their discovery, degree of complexity and asserts in their application in nursing research (Dimitra, 2010). The findings are seen to be obtained from the existing concepts of statistics, thus cannot be considered as proves of the nursing research. Fortunately, in this study the findings comprise the descriptive sets that resembles the required data in the nursing research, hence are able to be served as evidence in the research. The findings act a link to the analyst’s’ thoughts to cause an implication in the practice. This makes the findings to be easily applied in a clinical practice where the nurses are involved.
The qualitative findings stand as an independent influential value that brings about modifications in clinical communication practices. This can be illustrated by using an example, whereby on an oncology Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNSs) it was discovered. Despite the fact that the qualitative study opts a specific way of communication style for the oncology patients at the end of life, these various styles help specialists to handle with particular patients in case they are approachable. It is via this concept in such cases that the CNSs realize that qualitative findings are effective to their profession for the nurses and patients (Denise, 2008). Qualitative findings also offer facts concerning various issues in the research of nursing such as how contextual factors and individuals affect the power of an intervention since it provides proves of the different subject on targeted results of an intervention.
This shows that, qualitative methods can be used to clarify the reasons of the effectiveness of a given invention in nursing practice. The qualitative findings, therefore, stand out as a useful measure since it increases the understanding capacity of nurses. It helps to detect any rising problem that a particular patient may suffer from. Qualitative findings update CNSs of his or her understanding progress of patient and one’s experiences, hence improving his or her skill to come up with specific, personalized interventions, especially in the patient and the nursing skills will improve the patients’ results (Dimitra, 2010).
Two experts namely, Sandelowski and Barroso suggest that the quality of qualitative studies should be questioned by specifically used methods. They go ahead and implement guidelines to be used to analyze the study (Dimitra, 2010). The guide helps to prove that the qualitative study offers the best report in the research of nursing, since most of its features are based on its finding, and tends to resemble the ethical nursing code especially the ethical responsibility. The ethical endeavor, which is the section phrase in the ethical nursing code helps to address issues which consists of change, choice, access, rights and equality. The qualitative findings try to fulfill issues of accessibility and equality by using the communication aspect as reciprocated in its qualitative research. This makes the members of a society feel appreciated by the nurses despite the difference in race ( Burkhardt M.& Nathaniel,2002).
Apparently, qualitative research is recognized as a standard device to be used in the research of nursing. This is due to the effective implementation of the methods used in the qualitative research, since it helps the researchers to come up with helpful ideas related to upgrading the nursing practice. This tends to favor CNSs since the qualitative findings, act as evidence to one’s innovative ideas. The aims of qualitative studies are very clearly illustrated hence proving that it can be of high significance in nurse’s report of the research, which is based on logical data.
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