The child’s self esteem is vital for the healthy development of the child. A high self esteem is necessary for both satisfaction and happiness in adulthood. Low self esteem on the other hand is connected to anxiety, depression and maladjustment in schools (Pumcot, 2008). Adults who interact with children should therefore know how to help the child develop a positive sense of self esteem. The parent should therefore understand the parental principles required. There should be enough motivation throughout the child’s development (Pumcot, 2008). Children are naturally motivated to explore the world around them. Children develop confidence and a feeling of competence when they explore and master the world around them. This is usually regarded as the first stage in the development of self esteem.
Development of self esteem in young children is a gradual process and depends on their acceptance by the adults who are most important to them. Therefore the parent should ensure that the child feels loved and accepted (Pumcot, 2008). Children with low self esteem feel that they are not loved and accepted and that peers in their lives do not care much about them. Therefore the parent should ensure that the child feels safe and protected under the care of the parent.
The foundations of self esteem are laid early in life when children develop attachments with the adults who are responsible to them. Development of self esteem starts at an early age. A baby feel s loved and cared for when an adult responds to its cries and laughs. As young children continue to grow they develop a feeling of trust for other who provides the necessary things in their life. This does not mean that the parent should consider pampering the child with praises and flattery because some kids are smart enough to see through flattery and will dismiss an adult because this adult looks unbelievable (Pumcot, 2008). When children play and explore the world they need to feel safe and confident as they touch, feel things and taste things around them. If the child does not feel safe during this process they begin to feel ashamed and doubt their abilities. The parent also needs to help the child develop self control. The first step of initiating self control is to inform the child what is expected of his behavior. Peer acceptance on the other hand helps in a large way in building the child’s self esteem. The following factors help a child develop with a positive sense of well being.
Age: with age the child should learn how to exercise control, develop cognitively, learn language and how to express himself (Pumcot, 2008). With age the child also learns how to plan for the future. A child is known to be selfish and thinks that the world revolves around him or her. Therefore it is difficult for a child to wait for anything that he/she wants. It is therefore the parent ensures that the child gets support to develop patience.
There are many dimensions of self esteem. Parents should however give credit only where it is deserved. Therefore they should avoid using empty words which will only inflate the child’s ego. On the other hand children who are secure and able to make decisions by themselves hence developing a solid life footing for school going children.
The parent or guardian should advise the child how to manage weaknesses as well as respecting the child’s strengths. The parent should also help the child to develop goals and objectives and help the child link effort with success. It is also important to show interest in what a\child is doing both at home and in school. This can be through talking about school subjects. The parent should also consider modeling positive attitude through encouraging good manners, safety, sharing, cooperation and kindness. Where the child is right it also pays to value the child’s opinion. There is also need to help the child to develop an internal self control.
Life expectancy calculation done using the life expectancy calculator at MSN
I managed to take the life expectancy test at MSN using the life expectancy calculator. The result for my life expectancy was 76 years. The test is able to put a number of factors into consideration these factors are
Family history: Here the test considered factors relating to the longevity and health of my family member with a particular bias on heart related diseases, cancer and diabetes. The family history here establishes the genetic factors that may influence life expectancy. Genetic factors refer to those conditions that are inherited from parents. The test also establishes other health related predisposing factors such as blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels. This again establishes risk factors that may have been influenced by ones lifestyle.
The test also established my lifestyle by determining my smoking and alcohol drinking habits. Both alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking are predisposing factors that may influence ones likelihood to develop cancer and other related diseases. Heavy drinkers on the other hand have little time to carry out exercises and eat a proper diet. Smoking marijuana is also dangerous because it disorients people making it difficult to live a straight life. The test also checks on ones diet establishing the types of foods that the individual consumes. Low fat foods are usually healthy because they reduce the risk of contracting heart related diseases such as heart attack. As the site explains a good diet can add a few life years. The test also takes into consideration ones exercising habits. Aerobic exercises ensure that one manages his weight and is able to avoid several lifestyle diseases. In addition the test considers risky behavior such as careless driving. Driving carelessly exposes one to accidents which could result in death of the victim.
My weight was a risk factor which has to be checked in order to increase my longevity. I can manage to reduce my weight through regular exercise and a proper diet. In this case regular exercise should be aerobic whereas diet involves abstaining from fatty foods, and eating a well balanced diet that incorporates fruits. My major strong hold is my personality which I will continue to groom. My grandmother is the oldest person I know. She is 95 years old. She has been able to achieve this age due to eating a proper diet and engaging in sports in her younger days. Despite having troubled vision, she looks healthy and is able to physically recognize people. Martin was the youngest person who died from a preventable lifestyle decision. Martin was involved in an accident due to reckless driving after excessive alcohol consumption. Alcohol consumption is known to compromise a person’s vision. He could have taken a taxi or assign a sober driver the task of taking him home. He died soon after turning 18. From this sad situation I learned that alcohol consumption can result to untimely death.
Life expectancy describes the average life span of a person ( Merkalipa, 2003). The life expectancy life varies depending with the geographical region. In the United States factors affecting life expectancy include, heart related diseases, genetic factors, smoking and drinking habits. One can be able to reduce these risk factors by living a healthy life style. This can be done through eating a proper diet, avoiding risky behavior, and regular exercises (Merkalipa, 2003).
The life expectancy calculator enables one estimate his/her life expectancy. From the data and results obtained one can regulate the factors that reduce the life expectancy. It is recommended that one obtains additional advice from health care givers who will offer professional advice on how to regulate these factors.